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Machiavellianism: Dimensionality of the Mach IV and its Relation to Self-Monitoring in a Spanish Sample

  • Susana Corral (a1) and Esther Calvete (a1)


The aim of this study was to assess the measurement model of a Spanish version of the Mach IV Scale (Christie, 1970b), used to measure Machiavellianism, and its relation with the Self-Monitoring Scale (Snyder & Gangestad, 1986). 346 undergraduate students (70 males and 276 females) filled in both scales. The results of confirmatory factor analyses showed a four-factor structure to be the most adequate model for the Mach IV, with the following factors: Positive Interpersonal Tactics, Negative Tactics, Positive View of Human Nature, and Cynical View of Human Nature. These results are not in accordance with the original factor structure but are consistent with other authors' findings. A structural model between Machiavellianism and self-monitoring was tested, showing statistically significant paths between interpersonal tactics and one self-monitoring subscale.

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar el modelo de medida de una versión española de la escala Mach IV (Christie, 1970b), utilizada para medir el maquiavelismo, y su relación con la escala de Auto-observación (Snyder & Gangestad, 1986). 346 estudiantes universitarios (70 hombres y 276 mujeres) completaron ambas escalas. Los resultados de los análisis factoriales confirmatorios realizados mostraron que, para el Mach IV, el modelo más adecuado era una estructura de cuatro factores: Tácticas Interpersonales Positivas, Tácticas Interpersonales Negativas, Visión Positiva de la Naturaleza Humana y Visión Cínica de la Naturaleza Humana. Estos resultados difieren de la estructura factorial original, pero son congruentes con las aportaciones de otros autores. Se sometió a prueba un modelo estructural entre maquiavelismo y auto-observación, encontrando relaciones estadísticamente significativas entre tácticas interpersonales y una subescala de auto-observación.


Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article, as well as requests for the Spanish versions of both questionnaires, should be addressed to Esther Calvete, Department of Psychology.University of Deusto. Apdo. 1. 48080 Bilbao (Spain). E-mail:


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Machiavellianism: Dimensionality of the Mach IV and its Relation to Self-Monitoring in a Spanish Sample

  • Susana Corral (a1) and Esther Calvete (a1)


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