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Confirmatory Factorial Analysis of the Brazilian Version of the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2)

  • Eduarda Maria Coelho (a1), José Vasconcelos-Raposo (a1) and Álvaro Cielo Mahl (a2)

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the factorial structure of the Brazilian version of CSAI-2, using several structures suggested in previous studies. Two samples consisted of Brazilian soccer players, 266 from regional level (age 22.87 ± 4.08 years; athletic experience 11.32 ± 4.15 years) and 263 from national level (age 23.16 ± 4.37 years; athletic experience 11.11 ± 4.78 years) were used. The CSAI-2 is a 27-item inventory that measures negativism, physiological activation and self-confidence in a competitive setting. The results of CFA according to the original structure showed some inadequacy of the model. The model proposed by Cox, Martens, Russell (2003), composed of three factors (17-item), demonstrated better adjustment to the regional level sample (χ2/df = 1.871, CFI = .934, GFI = .916, RMSEA = .057), while the model suggested by Coelho, Vasconcelos-Raposo, Fernandes (2007), composed of two factors (18-item), adapted better to the national level sample (χ2/df = 1.701, CFI = .924, GFI = .914, RMSEA = .052). When we analyzed the two samples together, Coelho et al. (2007) was the better model, because it displayed greater invariance. The use of this model was suggested in the assessment of intensity of negative thoughts and the subsequent confirmation of its psychometric properties is recommended.

El objetivo de este estudio fue evaluar la estructura factorial de la versión brasileña del CSAI-2, utilizando las estructuras sugeridas en estudios anteriores. Participaron dos muestras de jugadores de fútbol de Brasil, 266 de nivel regional (edad media = 22,87 ± 4.08 años y experiencia deportiva media = 11,32 ± 4,15 años) y 263 del nivel nacional (edad media = 23,16 ± 4,37 años; experiencia deportiva media = 11,11 ± 4,78 años). El CSAI-2 es un cuestionario compuesto por 27 ítems que miden la negatividad, la activación fisiológica y la auto-confianza en un entorno competitivo. Los resultados del AFC de acuerdo a la estructura original mostraron algunos desajustes del modelo. El modelo propuesto por Cox, Martens y Russell (2003), compuesto de tres factores (17 ítems), demostró un mejor ajuste en la muestra de nivel regional (χ2/df = 1,871, CFI = 0,934, GFI = 0,916, RMSEA = 0,057), mientras que el modelo propuesto por Coelho, Vasconcelos-Raposo y Fernandes (2007), compuesto por dos factores (18 ítems), se ajustó mejor en la muestra de nivel nacional (χ2/df = 1,701, CFI = 0,924, GFI = 0,914, RMSEA = 0,052). Cuando analizamos las dos muestras juntas, el modelo de Coelho et al. (2007) resultó ser mejor, ya que mostró una mayor invarianza. Se sugiere el uso de este modelo en la evaluación de la intensidad de los pensamientos negativos, a la vez que se recomienda la confirmación ulterior de sus propiedades psicométricas.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Eduarda Maria Coelho. Rua Dr. Manuel Cardona. 5000-558 Vila Real. (Portugal). E-mail: ecoelho@utad.pt

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Keywords

Confirmatory Factorial Analysis of the Brazilian Version of the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2)

  • Eduarda Maria Coelho (a1), José Vasconcelos-Raposo (a1) and Álvaro Cielo Mahl (a2)

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