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Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale – Straightforward Items (BFNE-S): Psychometric Properties in a Spanish Population

  • María José Gallego Pitarch (a1)


The aim of this study was to examine the psychometric properties of the Brief version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale – Straightforward Items (BFNE-S) in a non-clinical Spanish population. Rodebaugh et al. (2004) recommended the use of this scale composed of 8 straightforwardly-worded items, instead of the 12-item version of the BFNE. The sample consisted of 542 undergraduate students, 71.3% of whom were women and 28.7% were men; the mean age was 21.71 (4.78) years. Exploratory factor analysis produced one factor which accounted for 51.28% of variance. The internal consistency of the scale was α = .89. The BFNE-S correlated with the Social Avoidance and Distress Scale (r = .44), the Personal Report of Confidence as Speaker – Modified (r = .44), the Public Speaking Self-Efficacy Questionnaire (r = -.38) and both subscales of the Self-Statements during Public Speaking (SSPS-P r = -.22; SSPS-N r = .53). ANOVAs revealed significant differences in the BFNE-S amongst a non-clinical population, persons suffering from specific social phobia, non-generalized social phobia and generalized social phobia.

El objetivo del presente estudio fue comprobar las propiedades psicométricas de la escala compuesta por los ítems directos de la Escala de Miedo a la Evaluación Negativa versión breve (BFNE-S) en población no clínica española. Rodebaugh et al. (2004) recomendaron utilizar esta escala formada por 8 ítems directos, en lugar de la versión del BFNE de 12 ítems. La muestra estuvo formada por 542 estudiantes universitarios. El 71,3% de la muestra fueron mujeres, el 28,7% varones y la media de edad fue 21.71 (4.78). El análisis factorial exploratorio extrajo un solo factor que explicó el 51,28% de la varianza. La consistencia interna de la escala fue α = 0,89. El BFNE-S correlacionó con la Escala de Evitación y Malestar Social (r = 0,44), el Cuestionario de Confianza para Hablar en Público – Modificado (r = 0,44), el Cuestionario de Autoeficacia al Intervenir en Público (r = -0,38) y ambas subescalas del Cuestionario de Autoverbalizaciones durante la situación de hablar en público (SSPS-P r = -0,22; SSPS-N r = 0,53). Se realizó un ANOVA en el que se observaron diferencias significativas en el BFNE-S entre población no clínica, personas con fobia social específica, fobia social no generalizada y fobia social generalizada.


Corresponding author

Correspondence concerning this article should be addressed to Mª José Gallego Pitarch. Dept. Clinical Psychology. University of Amsterdam. Roetersstraat, 15. 1018 WB Amsterdam. (Netherlands). Phone: +31-205256810. Fax: +31-206391369. E-mail:


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Brief Version of the Fear of Negative Evaluation Scale – Straightforward Items (BFNE-S): Psychometric Properties in a Spanish Population

  • María José Gallego Pitarch (a1)


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