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Benefit Finding in Cardiac Patients: Relationships with Emotional Well-Being and Resources after Controlling for Physical Functional Impairment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2016

Pilar Sanjuán
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Cristina García-Zamora
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
M. Ángeles Ruiz
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Beatriz Rueda
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Henar Arranz
Hospital Universitario La Paz-Cantoblanco (Spain)
Almudena Castro
Hospital Universitario La Paz-Cantoblanco (Spain)
E-mail address:


Benefit finding (BF) is defined as the individual’s perception of positive change as a result of coping with an adverse life event. The beneficial effects of BF on well-being could be because BF favors the improvement of resources like self-efficacy, social support and effective coping. The main objective of this longitudinal 8 week study was to explore, in a sample of cardiac patients (n = 51), the combined contribution of BF and these resources to the positive affect. Moreover, we wanted to check whether these resources were derived from BF or, on the contrary, these resources were antecedents of BF. Results showed that after controlling for functional capacity, only effective coping could predict the positive affect at Time 1 (β = .32, p < .05), while the BF predicted it at Time 2 (β = .23, p < .001). Only social support predicted BF (β = .26, p < .05), but not the opposite. We discussed the desirability of promoting these processes to improve the emotional state of cardiac patients.

Research Article
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2016 

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