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Benefit Finding in Cardiac Patients: Relationships with Emotional Well-Being and Resources after Controlling for Physical Functional Impairment

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  19 September 2016

Pilar Sanjuán
Affiliation:
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Cristina García-Zamora
Affiliation:
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
M. Ángeles Ruiz
Affiliation:
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Beatriz Rueda
Affiliation:
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (Spain)
Henar Arranz
Affiliation:
Hospital Universitario La Paz-Cantoblanco (Spain)
Almudena Castro
Affiliation:
Hospital Universitario La Paz-Cantoblanco (Spain)
Corresponding
E-mail address:

Abstract

Benefit finding (BF) is defined as the individual’s perception of positive change as a result of coping with an adverse life event. The beneficial effects of BF on well-being could be because BF favors the improvement of resources like self-efficacy, social support and effective coping. The main objective of this longitudinal 8 week study was to explore, in a sample of cardiac patients (n = 51), the combined contribution of BF and these resources to the positive affect. Moreover, we wanted to check whether these resources were derived from BF or, on the contrary, these resources were antecedents of BF. Results showed that after controlling for functional capacity, only effective coping could predict the positive affect at Time 1 (β = .32, p < .05), while the BF predicted it at Time 2 (β = .23, p < .001). Only social support predicted BF (β = .26, p < .05), but not the opposite. We discussed the desirability of promoting these processes to improve the emotional state of cardiac patients.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © Universidad Complutense de Madrid and Colegio Oficial de Psicólogos de Madrid 2016 

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