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Instant History: Understanding the Wars of Yugoslav Succession

  • Gale Stokes (a1), John Lampe (a2), Dennison Rusinow (a3) and Julie Mostov (a4)


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1. Mark Thompson's A Paper House: The Ending of Yugoslavia (New York: Pantheon, 1992), is particularly good on the western parts of the former Yugoslavia. His account of Istria is unique. Glenny's, Misha The Fall of Yugoslavia: The Third Balkan War (London: Penguin, 1992 , is episodic and sometimes hastily written, but provides a dramatic yet detached account. Glenny published an updated second edition in 1995.

2. Magas˘, Branka, The Destruction of Yugoslavia: Tracking the Breakup 1980–1992 (London: Verso, 1993.

3. In this article, the term “Bosnia” should be understood to mean “Bosnia and Herzegovina,” the official name of that country.

4. Crnobrnja, Mihailo, The Yugoslav Drama (Montreal: McGill-Queen's University Press, 1994).

5. Gow, James, Legitimacy and the Military: The Yugoslav Crisis (London: Pinter, 1992), 61.

6. Sekelj, Laslo, Yugoslavia: The Process of Disintegration (Boulder: Social Science Monographs and Atlantic Research and Publications, 1993).

7. Allcock, John B., “The Fall of Yugoslavia: Symptoms and Diagnoses,” Slavonic and East European Review 72, no. 4 (1994): 686–91.

8. Woodward, Susan L., Socialist Unemployment: The Political Economy of Yugoslavia (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995.

9. Woodward, Susan, Balkan Tragedy: Chaos and Dissolution after the Cold War (Washington: Brookings Institution, 1995), 45.

10. Lydall, Harold, Yugoslav Socialism: Theory and Practice (London: Oxford University Press, 1984 ; idem., Yugoslavia in Crisis (New York: Oxford University Press, 1989); Dyker, David A., Yugoslavia: Socialism, Development and Debt (London: Routledge, 1990.

11. Gutman, Roy, A Witness to Genocide (New York: Macmillan, 1993.

12. The New York Times eventually produced excellent coverage on the war. Roger Cohen's work in particular was well informed and balanced, as well as incisively analytical.

13. Vulliamy, Ed, Seasons in Hell: Understanding Bosnia's War (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994).

14. This is Kaplan's blurb on the book jacket.

15. Kaplan, Robert, Balkan Ghosts: A Journey Through History (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1993). Kaplan's book has sold well but the academic community has roundly criticized it. See Cooper, Henry, Slavic Review 52 (1993): 592–93; Van Coufoudakis, The Mediterranean Quarterly (Fall 1993): 105–8; and Noel Malcolm, The National Interest (Summer 1993): 83–88, along with the exchange in the same journal (Fall, 1993): 109–1 1.

16. Levinsohn, Florence Hamlish, Belgrade: Among the Serbs (Chicago: Ivan R. Dee, 1994).

17. Rieff, David, Slaughterhouse: Bosnia and the Failure of the West (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1995).

18. Cohen, Lenard J., Broken Bonds: The Disintegration of Yugoslavia, 2nd ed. (Boulder, Westview Press, 1995).

19. See Cohen's sometimes neglected volume, The Socialist Pyramid: Elites and Power in Yugoslavia (Oakville: Mosaic Press, 1989).

20. One might, however, object to the citation of the special pleadings of Chetnik apologists David Martin and Michael Lees without differentiating them from the substantial, influential and respected work of Walter R. Roberts and Mark C. Wheeler.

21. Bennett, Christopher, Yugoslavia's Bloody Collapse: Causes, Course and Consequences (New York: New York University Press, 1995). For an thorough study of the role of the media in the Yugoslav wars, see Thompson, Mark, Forging War: The Media in Serbia, Croatia, and Bosnia-Hercegovina (London: International Centre against Censorship, 1994 .

22. This is Magas˘ view as well (321).

23. Full citation in fn. 9.

24. Silber, Laura and Little, Allan, The Death of Yugoslavia (New York: TV Books/Penguin USA, 1996). The television series appeared in the US in late December 1995 on the Discovery channel.

25. Sabrina Petra Ramet and Ljubis˘a Adamovich, S., eds., Beyond Yugoslavia: Politics, Economics, and Culture in a Shattered Community (Boulder: Westview Press, 1995

26. Donia, Robert J. and Fine, John V.A., Bosnia and Hercegovina: A Tradition Betrayed (New York: Columbia University Press, 1994 ; Pinson, Mark, ed., The Muslims of Bosnia-Herzegovina: Their Historic Development from the Middle Ages to the Dissolution of Yugoslavia (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1994 ; Malcolm, Noel, Bosnia: A Short History (New York: New York University Press, 1994); and Ali, Rabia and Lifschultz, Lawrence, eds., Why Bosnia? (Stony Creek: Pamphleteer's Press, 1993).

27. Benderly, Jill and Kraft, Evan, eds., Independent Slovenia: Origins, Movements, Prospects (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1994).

28. For an excellent discussion of one aspect of the women's movement in Belgrade, see Zajović, Stas˘a, ed., Women for Peace, vol. 1 (Belgrade: Women in Black, 1993), vol. 2 (1995).

29. Poulton, Hugh, Who Are the Macedonians? (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1995), 208.

30. Janjić, Dus˘an and Maliqi, Shkelzen, eds. Conflict or Dialogue: Serbian Albanian Relations and Integration of the Balkans (Subotica: Open University, European Civic Centre for Conflict Resolution, 1994).

31. Bringa, Tone, Being Muslim the Bosnian Way (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995 .

32. Danforth, Loring M., The Macedonian Conflict—Ethnic Nationalism in a Transnational World (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1995 .

33. Sugar, Peter, ed., Eastern Europe Nationalism in the Twentieth Century (Washington: American University Press, 1995.

34. Hall, Brian, The Impossible Country: A Journey through the Last Days of Yugoslavia (London: Seeker & Warburg, 1994).

35. Idem., Stealing from a Deep Place (London: Heinemann, 1988).

36. Banac, Ivo, “Misreading the Balkans,” Foreign Policy, no. 93 (Winter 1993–1994): 173–82, referring to Glenny, The Fall of Yugoslavia. Despite Banac's comments, Glenny, who has lived in eastern Europe for years and speaks Serbian and Greek, has consistently been among the best informed and most acute analysts of the Yugoslav situation.

37. Drakulić, Slavenka, How we Survived Communism and Even Laughed (New York: W.W. Norton, 1992); idem., The Balkan Express: Fragments from the Other Side of War (New York: W.W. Norton, 1993).

38. Banac, “Misreading the Balkans,” 36.

39. Drakulić, How We Survived, 124 and 31.

40. Quotations from, in order, Balkan Express, 50; How We Survived, 143; and Balkan Express, 58, 50–51, 145.

41. Havel, Václav, Disturbing the Peace: A Conversation with Karel Hvvulala (New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1990), 179.

42. Misha Glenny, New York Times Book Review (21 January 1996): 12.

Instant History: Understanding the Wars of Yugoslav Succession

  • Gale Stokes (a1), John Lampe (a2), Dennison Rusinow (a3) and Julie Mostov (a4)


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