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God exists at every (modal realist) world: response to Sheehy

  • ROSS P. CAMERON (a1)


Paul Sheehy has argued that the modal realist cannot satisfactorily allow for the necessity of God's existence. In this short paper I show that she can, and that Sheehy only sees a problem because he has failed to appreciate all the resources available to the modal realist. God may be an abstract existent outside spacetime or He may not be: but either way, there is no problem for the modal realist to admit that He exists at every concrete possible world.



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1. Sheehy, PaulTheism and modal realism’, Religious Studies, 42 (2006), 315328.

2. The canonical presentation and defence of modal realism is in David Lewis On the Plurality of Worlds (Oxford: Blackwell, 1986).

3. Sheehy ‘Theism and modal realism’, 319.

4. David Lewis ‘Postscripts to “Counterpart theory and quantified modal logic”’, 39–40, in his Philosophical Papers volume 1, (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1983), 39–46.

5. Ibid., 40.

6. Sheehy ‘Theism and modal realism’, 319.

7. David Lewis ‘New work for a theory of universals’, 11, n. 5, in his Papers in Metaphysics and Epistemology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999), 8–55.


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