1Chaudhari, S, Otiv, M, Chitale, A, Pandit, A, Hoge, M. Pune low birth weight study – cognitive abilities and educational performance at twelve years. Indian Pediatrics 2004; 41(2): 121–8.
2Barker, DJ, Gluckman, PD, Godfrey, KM, Harding, JE, Owens, JA, Robinson, JS. Fetal nutrition and cardiovascular disease in adult life. Lancet 1993; 341(8850): 938–41.
3Barker, DJ, Osmond, C, Golding, J, Kuh, D, Wadsworth, ME. Growth in utero, blood pressure in childhood and adult life, and mortality from cardiovascular disease. British Medical Journal 1989; 298(6673): 564–7.
4Dewan, N, Brabin, B, Wood, L, Dramond, S, Cooper, C. The effects of smoking on birth weight-for-gestational-age curves in teenage and adult primigravidae. Public Health 2003; 117(1): 31–5.
5Spencer, N, Logan, S. Social influences on birth weight. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2002; 56(5): 326–7.
6Moser, K, Li, L, Power, C. Social inequalities in low birth weight in England and Wales: trends and implications for population health. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2003; 57(9): 687–91.
7Bull, J, Mulvihille, C, Quigley, R. Prevention of Low Birth Weight: Assessing the Effectiveness of Smoking Cessation and Nutritional Intervention – Evidence Briefing. London: Health Development Agency, 07 2003.
8Rogers, I, Emmett, P, Baker, D, Golding, J. Financial difficulties, smoking habits, composition of the diet and birth weight in a population of pregnant women in the South West of England. ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998; 52(4): 251–60.
9Gregory, J, Foster, K, Tyler, H, Wiseman, M. The Dietary and Nutritional Survey of British Adults. London: HMSO, 1990.
10Darmon, N, Ferguson, EL, Briend, A. A cost constraint alone has adverse effects on food selection and nutrient density: an analysis of human diets by linear programming. Journal of Nutrition 2002; 132(12): 3764–71.
11Ward, J, Close, J, Little, J, Boorman, J, Perkins, A, Close, SJ. Development of a screening tool for assessing risk of under nutrition in patients in community. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1998; 11: 323–30.
12Wright, L. A nutritional screening tool for use by nurses in residential and nursing homes for elderly people: development and pilot study results. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1999; 12: 437–43.
13McNulty, KY, Adams, CH, Anderson, JM, Affenito, SG. Development and validation of a screening tool to identify eating disorders in female athletes. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2001; 101(8): 886–92.
14Shu, X, Yang, G, Jin, F, Liu, D, Kushi, L, Wen, W, et al. Validity and reproducibility of the food frequency questionnaire used in the Shanghai Women's Health Study. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004; 58(1): 17–23.
15Katsouyanni, K, Rimm, EB, Gnardellis, C, Trichopoulos, D, Polychronopoulos, E, Trichopoulou, A. Reproducibility and relative validity of an extensive semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire using dietary records and biochemical markers among Greek schoolteachers. International Journal of Epidemiology 1997; 26(Suppl. 1): S118–27.
16Friis, S, Kruger Kjaer, S, Stripp, C, Overvad, K. Reproducibility and relative validity of a self-administered semi quantitative food frequency questionnaire applied to younger women. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1997; 50(3): 303–11.
17Chacko-George, G, Milani, T, Hans-Nuss, H, Kim, M-S, Freeland-Graves, JH. Development and validation of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire for young adult women in the southwestern United States. Nutrition Research 2004; 24: 29–43.
18Rogers, I, Emmett, P. Diet during pregnancy in a population of pregnant women in South West England. ALSPAC Study Team. Avon Longitudinal Study of Pregnancy and Childhood. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998; 52(4): 246–50.
19Margetts, B, Nelson, M. Design Concepts in Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1997.
20Tinuviel Software. Q-Builder Users Manual. Version 1.0; Questionnaire Design and Intake Analysis System. Warrington, UK: Tinuviel Software, 2002.
21Tinuviel Software. WISP Users Manual. Version 3.0; Intake and Recipe Analysis System. Warrington, UK: Tinuviel Software, 2003.
22Bland, JM, Altman, DG. Statistical methods for assessing agreement between two methods of clinical measurements. Lancet 1986; 1(8476): 307–10.
23Huxley, RR. Nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: its role in placental development. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000; 95(5): 779–82.
24Suitor, CJ, Gardner, J, Willett, WC. A comparison of food frequency and diet recall methods in studies of nutrient intake of low-income pregnant women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1989; 89(12): 1786–94.
25Wei, EK, Gardner, J, Field, AE, Rosner, BA, Colditz, GA, Suitor, CW. Validity of a food frequency questionnaire in assessing nutrient intakes of low-income pregnant women. Maternal and Child Health Journal 1999; 3(4): 241–6.
26Robinson, S, Godfrey, K, Osmond, C, Cox, V, Barker, D. Evaluation of a food frequency questionnaire used to assess nutrient intakes in pregnant women. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1996; 50(5): 302–8.
27Erkkola, M, Karppinen, M, Javanainen, J, Rasanen, L, Knip, M, Virtanen, SM. Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire for pregnant Finnish women. American Journal of Epidemiology 2001; 154(5): 466–76.
28Willet, WC. Nutritional Epidemiology, 2nd ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
29Andersen, LF, Lande, B, Trygg, K, Hay, G. Validation of a semi-quantitative food-frequency questionnaire used among 2-year-old Norwegian children. Public Health Nutrition 2004; 7(6): 757–64.
30Kennedy, ET, Ohls, J, Carlson, S, Fleming, K. The Healthy Eating Index: design and applications. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995; 95(10): 1103–8.
31Haines, PS, Siega-Riz, AM, Popkin, BM. The Diet Quality Index revised: a measurement instrument for populations. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1999; 99(6): 697–704.