1.Trichopoulou, A, Bamia, C & Trichopoulos, D (2005) Mediterranean diet and survival among patients with coronary heart disease in Greece. Arch Intern Med 165, 929–935.
2.Esposito, K, Ciotola, M & Giugliano, D (2006) Mediterranean diet, endothelial function and vascular inflammatory markers. Public Health Nutr 9, 1073–1076.
3.Mantzoros, CS, Williams, CJ, Manson, JE, Meigs, JB & Hu, FB (2006) Adherence to the Mediterranean dietary pattern is positively associated with plasma adiponectin concentrations in diabetic women. Am J Clin Nutr 84, 328.
4.Trichopoulou, A, Costacou, T, Bamia, C & Trichopoulos, D (2003) Adherence to a Mediterranean diet and survival in a Greek population. N Engl J Med 348, 2599–2608.
5.de Lorgeril, M & Salen, P (2000) Modified Cretan Mediterranean diet in the prevention of coronary heart disease and cancer. World Rev Nutr Diet 87, 1–23.
6.Panagiotakos, DB, Pitsavos, C, Arvaniti, F & Stefanadis, C (2007) Adherence to the Mediterranean food pattern predicts the prevalence of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes and obesity, among healthy adults; the accuracy of the MedDietScore. Prev Med 44, 335–340.
7.Matalas, AL, Zampelas, A, Stavrinos, V & Wolinsky, I (editors) (2001) The Mediterranean Diet. Constituents and Health Promotion. Boca Raton, FL: CRC Press.
8.Serra-Majem, L, Ribas, L, Garcia, A, Perez-Rodrigo, C & Aranceta, J (2003) Nutrient adequacy and Mediterranean diet in Spanish school children and adolescents. Eur J Clin Nutr 57, Suppl. 1, S35–S39.
9.Chatzi, L, Apostolaki, G, Bibakis, I, Skypala, I, Bibaki-Liakou, V, Tzanakis, N, Kogevinas, M & Cullinan, P (2007) Protective effect of fruits, vegetables and the Mediterranean diet on asthma and allergies among children in Crete. Thorax 62, 677–683.
10.Garcia-Marcos, L, Canflanca, IM, Garrido, JB et al. (2007) Relationship of asthma and rhinoconjunctivitis with obesity, exercise and Mediterranean diet in Spanish schoolchildren. Thorax 62, 503–508.
11.Avellone, G, Di Garbo, V, Panno, AV, Cordova, R, Abruzzese, G, Rotolo, G, Raneli, G, De Simone, R & Strano, A (1994) Cardiovascular risk factors and dietary habits in secondary school children in southern Italy. Int Angiol 13, 148–153.
12.Ferro-Luzzi, A, Mobarhan, S, Maiani, G, Scaccini, C, Virgili, F & Knuiman, JT (1984) Vitamin E status in Italian children subsisting on a Mediterranean diet. Hum Nutr Clin Nutr 38, 195–201.
13.Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance (2000) Statistical Codes of Districts, Municipalities, Communities and Quarters of Cyprus. Series I. Report no. 3. Cyprus: Printing Office of Republic of Cyprus (in Greek).
14.Meredith, HV (1982) Research between 1950 and 1980 on urban–rural differences in body size and growth rate of children and youths. Adv Child Develop Behav 17, 83–138.
15.McMurray, RG, Harrell, JS, Bangdiwala, SI & Deng, S (1999) Cardiovascular disease risk factors and obesity of rural and urban elementary school children. J Rural Health 15, 365–374.
16. National Dairy Council (1994) National Dairy Council Food Model Comparison Cards. Rosemont, IL.
17. NASCO (2001) Life/form ®Replicas & Models. Fort Atkinson, WI: NASCO.
18.Serra-Majem, L, Ribas, L, Ngo, J, Ortega, RM, Garcia, A, Perez-Rodrigo, C & Aranceta, J (2004) Food, youth and the Mediterranean diet in Spain. Development of KIDMED, Mediterranean diet quality index in children and adolescents. Public Health Nutr 7, 931–935.
19.Cole, TJ, Bellizzi, MC, Flegal, KM & Dietz, WH (2000) Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey. Br Med J 320, 1240–1243.
20.Lee, Y, Mitchell, DC, Smiciklas-Wright, H & Birch, LL (2001) Diet quality, nutrient intake, weight status, and feeding environments of girls meeting or exceeding recommendations for total dietary fat of the American Academy of Pediatrics. Pediatrics 107, E95.
21.Ledikwe, JH, Blanck, HM, Khan, LK, Serdula, MK, Seymour, JD, Tohill, BC & Rolls, BJ (2006) Low-energy-density diets are associated with high diet quality in adults in the United States. J Am Diet Assoc 106, 1172–1180.
22.Räsänen, M, Lehtinen, JC, Niinikoski, H, Keskinen, S, Ruottinen, S, Salminen, M, Rönnemaa, T, Viikari, J & Simell, O (2002) Dietary patterns and nutrient intakes of 7-year-old children taking part in an atherosclerosis prevention project in Finland. J Am Diet Assoc 102, 518–524.
24. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2003) Food balance sheets; 1999–2001 average. Rome: FAO.
25.Department of Statistics and Research, Ministry of Finance (2003) Demographic Report 2002. Series II. Report no. 40. Nicosia, Cyprus: Printing Office of Republic of Cyprus (in Greek).