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Influence of mealtime habits on the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults

  • Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco (a1) (a2), Pablo Méndez-Hernández (a3) (a4), Yvonne N Flores (a2) (a5), Carole Siani (a6) (a7), Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez (a8), Katia Gallegos-Carrillo (a2), Paula Ramírez (a2), Berenice Rivera-Paredez (a2), Eduardo Salazar-Martínez (a9) and Jorge Salmerón (a2) (a9)...

Abstract

Objective

To prospectively examine the extent to which mealtime habits influences the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults.

Design

We performed a prospective cohort study. The Mealtime Habits Quality (MHQ) scale was used for assessing participants’ MHQ; the outcomes of interest were gain ≥5 % of body weight, developing overweight/obesity and abdominal obesity, after 7 years of follow-up. In order to estimate the independent effect of MHQ on anthropometric indicators, generalized linear models were computed to obtain adjusted relative risks (95 % CI).

Setting

The state of Morelos, Mexico.

Subjects

Mexican adults (n 837) aged 18–70 years participating in a cohort study.

Results

Compared with participants classified in the higher MHQ category, individuals in the middle and lower MHQ groups had a 4·1 (2·5, 6·7) and 6·2 (3·9, 9·7) fold greater risk of gain ≥5 % of body weight, respectively; 6·6 (2·8, 15·5) and 8·6 (3·7, 19·8) fold greater risk of becoming overweight/obese, respectively; and 3·8 (2·0, 7·3) and 5·3 (2·8, 9·8) fold greater risk of developing abdominal obesity, respectively.

Conclusions

This study provides evidence about the influence of a set of mealtime habits on obesity indicators, showing that greater adherence to unadvisable mealtime habits increases the risk of developing unhealthy anthropometric indicators. Since the meal is one of the most important sources of food intake, and consequently weight status, the MHQ scale can be a useful population tool to predict weight gain and obesity.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

* Corresponding author: Email pmendezh@hotmail.com

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Influence of mealtime habits on the risk of weight gain and obesity in Mexican adults

  • Libia Darina Dosamantes-Carrasco (a1) (a2), Pablo Méndez-Hernández (a3) (a4), Yvonne N Flores (a2) (a5), Carole Siani (a6) (a7), Edgar Denova-Gutiérrez (a8), Katia Gallegos-Carrillo (a2), Paula Ramírez (a2), Berenice Rivera-Paredez (a2), Eduardo Salazar-Martínez (a9) and Jorge Salmerón (a2) (a9)...

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