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Food patterns of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents: The enKid Study

  • Lluís Serra-Majem (a1) (a2), Reina García-Closas (a3), Lourdes Ribas (a2), Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo (a4) and Javier Aranceta (a4)...

Abstract

Objective:

To evaluate dietary habits and nutritional status of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents.

Design:

Cross-sectional study by face-to-face interview.

Methods:

A random sample of 3534 people aged 2 to 24 years were interviewed by a team of 43 dietitians in the subjects' homes. Interviews included 24-hour recalls (a second 24-hour recall in 30% of the sample), a food-frequency questionnaire and other questions including lifestyles, knowledge and food preferences.

Results:

The participation rate was 68%. Mean daily energy consumption was 2189 kcal among males and 1781 kcal among females, and the percentage of energy from fat and saturated fat was 39.8% and 13.4%, respectively, without any differences by gender. Of females, 95% showed folic acid intakes below 200 μg day−1. Consumption expressed as food groups reflected a westernised Mediterranean pattern.

Conclusions:

The enKid Study provides reliable and useful nutrition information for children and adolescents in Spain, having incorporated a rigorous methodological design within a representative sample.

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Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email Iserra@cicei.ulpgc.es

References

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Food patterns of Spanish schoolchildren and adolescents: The enKid Study

  • Lluís Serra-Majem (a1) (a2), Reina García-Closas (a3), Lourdes Ribas (a2), Carmen Pérez-Rodrigo (a4) and Javier Aranceta (a4)...

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