Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania

  • Germana H Leyna (a1) (a2), Elia J Mmbaga (a1), Kagoma S Mnyika (a1), Akhtar Hussain (a3) and Knut-Inge Klepp (a2)...

Abstract

Objective

The purpose of the present paper is to assess the relationship between food insecurity and food consumption patterns, anthropometric measures and serum micronutrient levels in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

Design

A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out between March and May of 2005.

Setting

Rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania.

Subjects

Analysis was restricted to 1014 adults aged 15–44 years with children and complete data.

Results

A large majority of the participants (91 %) reported some kind of food insecurity. Food insecurity was significantly associated with age, marital status and occupation. Participants reporting food insecurity were significantly less likely to frequently consume animal products, fruits and vegetables compared with participants categorized as food secure. Women categorized as experiencing individual food insecurity had a larger waist circumference than food-secure women (P = 0·026) while the mean BMI of women appeared to decline if they had a child who was food insecure (P = 0·038). There were no observed differences in serum micronutrient levels by food insecurity status.

Conclusions

Food insecurity is highly prevalent and associated with food consumption patterns, waist circumference and BMI of women in rural Tanzania. Further studies should apply self-report measures in assessing food insecurity to larger and more diversified populations.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Email g.h.leyna@medisin.uio.no

References

Hide All
1.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (1998) Rome Declaration on World Food Security. World Food Summit 1996. Rome: FAO.
2.Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (2006) The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006. Rome: FAO.
3.Campbell, CC (1991) Food insecurity: a nutritional outcome or a predictor variable? J Nutr 121, 408415.
4.Frongillo, EA, Olson, CM, Rauschenbach, BA et al. (1997) Nutrition Consequences of Food Insecurity in a Rural New York State County. Discussion Paper no. 1120-97. Madison, WI: Institute for Research on Poverty.
5.Olson, CM (1999) Nutrition and health outcomes associated with food insecurity and hunger. J Nutr 129, 2S Suppl., 521S524S.
6.Tarasuk, VS & Beaton, GH (1999) Women’s dietary intakes in the context of household food insecurity. J Nutr 129, 672679.
7.Tarasuk, VS (2001) Household food insecurity with hunger is associated with women’s food intakes, health and household circumstances. J Nutr 131, 26702676.
8.Gulliford, MC, Mahabir, D & Rocke, B (2003) Food insecurity, food choices, and body mass index in adults: nutrition transition in Trinidad and Tobago. Int J Epidemiol 32, 508516.
9.Nnakwe, N & Yegammia, C (2002) Prevalence of food insecurity among households with children in Coimbatore, India. Nutr Res 22, 10091016.
10.Shariff, ZM & Khor, GL (2005) Obesity and household food insecurity: evidence from a sample of rural households in Malaysia. Eur J Clin Nutr 59, 10491058.
11.Frongillo, EA & Nanama, S (2006) Development and validation of an experience-based measure of household food insecurity within and across seasons in Northern Burkina Faso. J Nutr 136, 1409S1419S.
12.Zalilah, MS & Ang, M (2001) Assessment of food insecurity among low income households in Kuala Lumpur using the Radimer/Cornell food insecurity instrument – a validation study. Malays J Nutr 7, 1532.
13.Kinabo, J, Mnkeni, AP, Nyaruhucha, CNM et al. (2006) Feeding frequency and nutrient content of foods commonly consumed in the Iringa and Morogoro regions in Tanzania. Int J Food Sci Nutr 57, 917.
14.Maruapula, S & Chapman-Novakofski, K (2007) Health and dietary patterns of the elderly in Botswana. J Nutr Educ Behav 39, 311319.
15.Mazengo, MC, Simell, O, Lukumanji, A et al. (1997) Food consumption in rural and urban Tanzania. Acta Trop 68, 313326.
16.Tatala, S, Svanberg, U & Mduma, B (1998) Low dietary iron availability is a major cause of anemia: a nutrition survey in the Lindi district of Tanzania. Am J Clin Nutr 68, 171178.
17.UNICEF (1990) Strategy for Improved Nutrition of Children and Women in Developing Countries. A UNICEF Policy Review. New York: UNICEF.
18.Leyna, GH, Mmbaga, EJ, Mnyika, KS et al. (2008) Validation of the Radimer/Cornell food insecurity measure in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania. Public Health Nutr 11, 684689.
19.Klouman, E, Masenga, EJ, Klepp, KI et al. (1997) HIV and reproductive tract infections in a total village population in rural Kilimanjaro, Tanzania: women at increased risk. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr Hum Retrovirol 14, 163168.
20.Ottesen, M (2003) Self-perceived food security among school adolescents in a rural area of northern Tanzania. Dissertation, University of Oslo.
21.World Health Organization (1995) Physical Status: The Use and Interpretation of Anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee. Geneva: WHO.
22.Furness, BW, Simon, PA, Wold, CM et al. (2004) Prevalence and predictors of food insecurity among low-income households in Los Angeles County. Public Health Nutr 7, 791794.
23.Isanaka, S, Mora-Plazas, M, Lopez-Arana, S et al. (2007) Food insecurity is highly prevalent and predicts underweight but not overweight in adults and school children from Bogotá, Columbia. J Nutr 137, 27472755.
24.Zerafati-Shoae, N, Omidvar, N, Ghazi-Tabatabaie, M et al. (2007) Is the adapted Radimer/Cornell questionnaire valid to measure food insecurity of urban households in Tehran, Iran? Public Health Nutr 10, 855861.
25.Wedgewood, R (2007) Education and poverty reduction in Tanzania. Int J Educ Dev 27, 383396.
26.Hanson, KL, Sobal, J & Frongillo, EA (2007) Gender and marital status clarify associations between food insecurity and body weight. J Nutr 137, 14601465.
27.Hadley, C, Mulder, MB & Fitzherbert, E (2007) Seasonal food insecurity and perceived social support in rural Tanzania. Public Health Nutr 10, 544551.
28.Codjia, G (2001) Food sources of vitamin A and provitamin A specific to Africa: an FAO perspective. Food Nutr Bull 22, 357360.
29.Weinberger, K & Msuya, J (2004) Indigenous Vegetables in Tanzania: Significance and Prospects. Technical Bulletin no. 31. Tainan, Taiwan: The World Vegetable Center.
30.Mulokozi, G, Lietz, G, Svanberg, U et al. (2003) Plasma levels of retinol, carotenoids, and tocopherols in relation to dietary pattern among pregnant Tanzanian women. Int J Vitam Nutr Res 73, 323333.
31.Tanner, M & Lukmanji, Z (1987) Food consumption patterns in a rural Tanzanian community (Kikwawila village, Kilombero District, Morogoro Region) during lean and post-harvest season. Acta Trop 44, 229244.
32.Dixon, LB, Winkleby, MA & Radimer, KL (2001) Dietary intakes and serum nutrients differ between adults from food-insufficient and food-sufficient families: Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, 1988–1994. J Nutr 131, 12321246.
33.Hulthén, L, Lindstedt, G, Lundberg, P-A et al. (1998) Effect of a mild infection on serum ferritin concentration – clinical and epidemiological implications. Eur J Clin Nutr 52, 376379.
34.Townsend, MS, Peerson, J, Love, B et al. (2001) Food insecurity is positively related to overweight in women. J Nutr 131, 17381745.
35.Whitaker, RC & Sarin, A (2007) Changes in food security status and change in weight are not associated in urban women with preschool children. J Nutr 137, 21342139.
36.Wilde, PE & Peterman, JN (2006) Individual weight change is associated with household food security status. J Nutr 136, 13951400.
37.Chaput, JP, Gilbert, JA & Tremblay, A (2007) Relationship between food insecurity and body composition in Ugandans living in urban Kampala. J Am Diet Assoc 107, 19781982.
38.Bedard, D, Shatenstein, B & Madon, S (2004) Underreporting of energy intake from a self-administered food frequency questionnaire completed by adults in Montreal. Public Health Nutr 7, 675681.

Keywords

Food insecurity is associated with food consumption patterns and anthropometric measures but not serum micronutrient levels in adults in rural Tanzania

  • Germana H Leyna (a1) (a2), Elia J Mmbaga (a1), Kagoma S Mnyika (a1), Akhtar Hussain (a3) and Knut-Inge Klepp (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed