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Folic acid supplementation, dietary folate intake and risk of small for gestational age in China

  • Huaqi Guo (a1) (a2) (a3), Baohong Mao (a1), Meng Wang (a1) (a3), Qing Liu (a1), Liping Yang (a4), Yahui Xie (a1), Yanxia Wang (a1), Xiaochun He (a1), Hongmei Cui (a1), Xiaojuan Lin (a1), Ling Lv (a1), Min Zhou (a1), Xiaoying Xu (a1), Jie Qiu (a1) (a3) and Yawei Zhang (a5)...

Abstract

Objective:

To investigate the hypothesis that folic acid supplementation and dietary folate intake before conception and during pregnancy reduce the risk of small for gestational age (SGA) and to examine the joint effect of folic acid supplementation and dietary folate intake on the risk of SGA.

Design:

Participants were interviewed by trained study interviewers using a standardized and structured questionnaire. Information on birth outcomes and maternal complications was abstracted from medical records and dietary information was collected via a semi-quantitative FFQ before conception and during pregnancy.

Setting:

A birth cohort data analysis using the 2010–2012 Gansu Provincial Maternity and Child Care Hospital.

Participants:

Women (n 8758) and their children enrolled in the study.

Results:

Folic acid supplementation was associated with a reduced risk of SGA (OR = 0·72, 95 % CI 0·60, 0·86), with the reduced risk seen mainly for SGA at ≥37 weeks of gestational age (OR = 0·70, 95 % CI 0·58, 0·85) and nulliparous SGA (OR = 0·67, 95 % CI 0·54, 0·84). There was no significant association between dietary folate intake and SGA risk.

Conclusions:

Our study suggested that folic acid supplementation was associated with a reduced risk of SGA and the risk varied by preterm status and parity.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding authors: Email qioujie814102@163.com, yawei.zhang@yale.edu

Footnotes

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Huaqi Guo, Baohong Mao and Meng Wang contributed equally to the present study and should be regarded as co-first authors.

Footnotes

References

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Folic acid supplementation, dietary folate intake and risk of small for gestational age in China

  • Huaqi Guo (a1) (a2) (a3), Baohong Mao (a1), Meng Wang (a1) (a3), Qing Liu (a1), Liping Yang (a4), Yahui Xie (a1), Yanxia Wang (a1), Xiaochun He (a1), Hongmei Cui (a1), Xiaojuan Lin (a1), Ling Lv (a1), Min Zhou (a1), Xiaoying Xu (a1), Jie Qiu (a1) (a3) and Yawei Zhang (a5)...

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