1King, H, Aubert, RE, Herman, WH. Global burden of diabetes, 1995–2025. Diabetes Care 1998; 21: 1414–31.
2World Health Organization (WHO)/Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Diet, Nutrition and the Prevention of Chronic Diseases. Joint WHO/FAO Expert Consultation. Geneva: WHO//FAO, 2003.
3Diabetes Prevention Program Group. Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin. New England Journal of Medicine 2002; 346: 393–403.
4Tuomilehto, J, Lindstrom, J, Eriksson, JG, Valle, TT, Hamalainen, H, Iianne-Parika, P, et al. for The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Prevention of type 2 diabetes mellitus by changes in lifestyle among subjects with impaired glucose tolerance. New England Journal of Medicine 2001; 344: 1343–50.
5American Diabetes Association and National Institute of Diabetes, Digestive and Kidney Diseases. The prevention or delay of type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Care 2001; 25: 742–9.
6Alberti, KGMM, Zimmet, PZ. for the WHO Consultation. Definition, diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus and its complications. Part 1: diagnosis and classification of diabetes mellitus. Provisional report of a WHO consultation Diabetic Medicine 1998; 15: 539–53.
7Cardoso, MA, Kida, AA, Tomita, LY, Stocco, PR. Reproducibility and relative validity of a food frequency questionnaire among women of Japanese ancestry living in Brazil. Nutrition Research 2001; 21: 725–33.
8Ribeiro, AB, Cardoso, MA. Development of a food frequency questionnaire as a tool for programs of chronic diseases prevention. Revista de Nutricao 2002; 15: 201–7. ().
9Block, G, Coyle, LM, Hartman, AM, Scoppa, SM. Revision of dietary analysis software for the health habits and history questionnaire. American Journal of Epidemiology 1994; 139: 1190–6.
10Wing, RR, Venditti, E, Jakicic, JM, Polley, BA, Lang, W. Lifestyle intervention in overweight individual with a family history of diabetes. Diabetes Care 1998; 21: 350–9.
11Tang, JL, Armitage, JM, Lancaster, T, Silagy, CA, Fowler, GH, Neil, HAW. Systematic review of dietary intervention trials to lower blood total cholesterol in free-living subjects. British Medical Journal 1998; 316: 1213–20.
12Lindstrom, J, Louheranta, A, Mannelin, M, Rastas, M, Salminen, V, Eriksson, J, et al. for the Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study Group. Lifestyle intervention and 3-year results on diet and physical activity. Diabetes Care 2003; 26: 3230–6.
13Law, MR, Wald, NJ, Thompson, SG. By how much and how quickly does reduction in serum cholesterol concentration lower risk of ischaemic heart disease? British Medical Journal 1994; 308: 367–72.
14Bergholm, R, Tiikkainen, M, Vehkavara, S, Tamminen, M, Teramo, K, Rissanen, A, et al. Lowering of LDL cholesterol rather than moderate weight loss improves endothelium-dependent vasodilatation in obese women with previous gestational diabetes. Diabetes Care 2003; 26: 1667–72.
15John, JH, Ziebland, S, Yudkin, P, Roe, LS. Neil HAW for the Oxford Fruit and Vegetable Study Group. Effects of fruit and vegetable consumption on plasma antioxidant concentrations and blood pressure: a randomized controlled trial. Lancet 2002; 359: 1969–74.
16Manson, JE, Hu, FB, Rich-Edwards, JW, Colditz, GA, Stampfer, MJ, Willett, WC, et al. A prospective study of walking as compared with vigorous exercise in the prevention of coronary heart disease in women. New England Journal of Medicine 1999; 341: 650–8.