Girelli, D, Ugolini, S, Busti, F et al. (2018) Modern iron replacement therapy: clinical and pathophysiological insights. Int J Hematol 107, 16–30.
Balogh, E, Paragh, G & Jeney, V (2018) Influence of iron on bone homeostasis. Pharmaceuticals (Basel) 11, E107.
Lopez, A, Cacoub, P, Macdougall, IC et al. (2016) Iron deficiency anaemia. Lancet 387, 907–916.
Hwalla, N, Al-Dhaheri, AS, Radwan, H et al. (2017) The prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies and inadequacies in the Middle East and approaches to interventions. Nutrients 9, E229.
Alzaheb, RA & Al-Amer, O (2017) The prevalence of iron deficiency anemia and its associated risk factors among a sample of female university students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Clin Med Insights Womens Health 10, 1179562X17745088.
Abu-Ouf, NM & Jan, MM (2015) The impact of maternal iron deficiency and iron deficiency anemia on child’s health. Saudi Med J 36, 146–149.
Alaithan, MA, Abdulazeez, S & Borgio, JF (2018) A comprehensive review of the prevalence of beta globin gene variations and the co-inheritance of related gene variants in Saudi Arabians with beta-thalassemia. Saudi Med J 39, 329–335.
Nasreddine, LM, Kassis, AN, Ayoub, JJ et al. (2018) Nutritional status and dietary intakes of children amid the nutrition transition: the case of the Eastern Mediterranean Region. Nutr Res 57, 12–27.
Van Schoor, N & Lips, P (2017) Global overview of vitamin D status. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am 46, 845–870.
Uday, S & Hogler, W (2017) Nutritional rickets and osteomalacia in the twenty-first century: revised concepts, public health, and prevention strategies. Curr Osteoporos Rep 15, 293–302.
Al-Daghri, NM, Al-Saleh, Y, Aljohani, N et al. (2017) Vitamin D status correction in Saudi Arabia: an experts’ consensus under the auspices of the European Society for Clinical and Economic Aspects of Osteoporosis, Osteoarthritis, and Musculoskeletal Diseases (ESCEO). Arch Osteoporos 12, 1.
Holick, MF & Chen, TC (2008) Vitamin D deficiency: a worldwide problem with health consequences. Am J Clin Nutr 87, issue 4, 1080S–1086S.
Blanco-Rojo, R, Perez-Granados, AM, Toxqui, L et al. (2013) Relationship between vitamin D deficiency, bone remodeling and iron status in iron-deficient young women consuming an iron-fortified food. Eur J Nutr 52, 695–703.
Monlezun, DJ, Camargo, CA Jr, Mullen, JT et al. (2015) Vitamin D status and the risk of anemia in community-dwelling adults: results from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2001–2006. Medicine (Baltimore) 94, e1799.
Smith, EM & Tangpricha, V (2015) Vitamin D and anemia: insights into an emerging association. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes 22, 432–438.
Albar, R, Banjar, N, Bokhari, A et al. (2017) Prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in Saudi children and risks of iron deficiency anemia. Curr Pediatr Res 21, 205–208.
Al-Daghri, NM, Al-Saleh, Y, Aljohani, N et al. (2015) Vitamin D deficiency and cardiometabolic risk: a juxtaposition of Arab adolescents and adults. PLoS One 10, e0131315.
Al-Daghri, NM, Ansari, MGA, Sabico, S et al. (2018) Efficacy of different modes of vitamin D supplementation strategies in Saudi adolescents. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol 180, 23–28.
Masoud, MS, Alokail, MS, Yakout, SM et al. (2018) Vitamin D supplementation modestly reduces serum iron indices of healthy Arab adolescents. Nutrients 10, E1870.
Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (1998) Determination of Serum Iron, Total Iron Binding Capacity and Percent Transferrin Saturation; Approved Standard. Wayne, PA: CLSI; available at https://clsi.org/media/1347/c61a_sample.pdf
Sim, JJ, Lac, PT, Liu, IL et al. (2010) Vitamin D deficiency and anemia: a cross-sectional study. Ann Hematol 89, 447–452.
Atkinson, MA, Melamed, ML, Kumar, J et al. (2014) Vitamin D, race, and risk for anemia in children. J Pediatr 164, 153–158.
Sharma, S, Jain, R & Dabla, PK (2015) The role of 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency in iron deficient children of North India. Indian J Clin Biochem 30, 313–317.
Orysiak, J, Mazur-Rozycka, J, Fitzgerald, J et al. (2018) Vitamin D status and its relation to exercise performance and iron status in young ice hockey players. PLoS One 13, e0195284.
Doudin, A, Becker, A, Rothenberger, A et al. (2018) Relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D and red blood cell indices in German adolescents. Eur J Pediatr 177, 583–591.
Madar, MA, Stene, LC, Meyer, HE et al. (2016) Effect of vitamin D3 supplementation on iron status: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial among ethnic minorities living in Norway. Nutr J 15, 74.
Bikle, DD (2014) Vitamin D metabolism, mechanism of action and clinical applications. Chem Biol 21, 319–329.
Zittermann, A, Jungvogel, A, Prokop, A et al. (2011) Vitamin D deficiency is an independent predictor of anemia in end-stage heart failure. Clin Res Cardiol 100, 781–788.
Ernst, JB, Zittermann, A, Pilz, S et al. (2017) Independent associations of vitamin D metabolites with anemia in patients referred to coronary angiography. Eur J Nutr 56, 1017–1024.
Ma, Y, Johnson, CS & Trump, DL (2016) Mechanistic insights of vitamin D anticancer effects. Vitam Horm 100, 395–491.
Al-Daghri, NM, Al-Attas, OS, Johnston, HE et al. (2014) Whole serum 3D LC–nESI–FTMS quantitative proteomics reveals sexual dimorphism in the milieu interieur of overweight and obese adults. J Proteome Res 13, 5094–5105.
Hennigar, SR, Gaffney-Stromberg, E, Lutz, J et al. (2016) Consumption of a calcium and vitamin D-fortified food product does not affect iron status during initial military training: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. Br J Nutr 115, 637–643.
Malczewska-Lenczowska, J, Sitkowski, D, Surala, O et al. (2018) The association between iron and vitamin D in female elite athletes. Nutrients 10, E167.
Ahmed, U, Latham, PS & Oates, PS (2012) Interactions between hepatic iron and lipid metabolism with possible relevance to steatohepatitis. World J Gastroneterol 18, 4651–4658.
Yang, X, Xu, MM, Wang, J et al. (2016) Effect of estrogen on iron metabolism in mammals. Sheng Li Xue Bao 68, 637–643.