Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

The Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure at Staines, Surrey: Excavations 1961–63

  • Reay Robertson-Mackay (a1), S. Butcher, F. Cameron, H. Chandra, B. Conway, J. Dawes, F. Dimes, C. Grigson, E. Healey, H. Helbaek, E. Higgs, H. Hodges, H. Pengelly and A. Whittle...

Abstract

The partial excavation under rescue conditions in 1961–63 of the ditches and interior of an enclosure of the earlier neolithic period is described. The enclosure, covering a total area of approximately 2.4 ha, was defined by double concentric interrupted ditches, which were for the most part naturally filled. There were many traces of activity within the interior, presumed to be contemporary with the ditches, including pits, gullies, post- and stake-holes, and varying concentrations of struck and burnt flint and pottery. Human burials were found. There is a little Ebbsfleet pottery in secondary contexts and there are later prehistoric, Roman and medieval finds. It is probably not possible to ascribe a single or specific role to the site, which may have been important as a place where several activities were concentrated, including occupation, subsistence, exchange, enclosure or defence, burial and ritual.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bamford, H., 1985. Briar Hill. Northampton: Northampton Development Corporation.
Bell, M., 1977. ‘Excavations at Bishopstone, Sussex’, Sussex Archaeol. Coll. 115, 1299.
Bruce-Mitford, R. L. S., 1938. ‘A hoard of neolithic axes from Peaslake, Surrey’, Antiq. J. 18, 279–84.
Case, H., 1961. ‘Irish Neolithic pottery’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 27, 174–133.
Case, H. J. and Whittle, A. W. R. (eds), 1982. Settlement patterns in the Oxford region: excavations at the Abingdon causewayed enclosure and other sites. London: CBA Res. Rep. 44.
Clark, J. G. D., 1954. Excavations at Star Carr. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Clark, J. G. D., Higgs, E. S. and Longworth, I. H., 1960. ‘Excavations at a neolithic site at Hurst Fen, Mildenhall, Suffolk (1954, 1957 and 1958)’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 26, 202–45.
Curwen, E. C., 1934. ‘Excavations in Whitehawk Neolithic Camp, Brighton, 1932–3’, Antiq. J. 14, 99133.
Curwen, E. C., 1936. ‘Agriculture and the flint sickle in Palestine’, Antiquity 9, 6265.
Drewett, P., 1977. ‘The excavation of a neolithic causewayed enclosure on Offham Hill, East Sussex, 1976’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 43, 201–42.
Green, H. S., 1980. The flint arrowheads of the British Isles. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports British Series 75.
Healey, E. and Robertson-Mackay, R., 1983. ‘The lithic industries from Staines causewayed enclosure and their relationship to other Earlier Neolithic industries in southern Britain’, Lithics 4, 127.
Hedges, J. and Buckley, D., 1978. ‘Excavations at a Neolithic causewayed enclosure, Orsett, Essex, 1975’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 44, 219308.
Helbaek, H., 1952. ‘Early crops in southern England’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 18, 194233.
Keeley, L., 1980. Experimental determination of tool uses: a microwear analysis. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Legge, A., 1981. ‘Aspects of cattle husbandry’, Mercer, R. (ed.), Farming practice in British prehistory, 169–81. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Madsen, T. and Petersen, J. E., 1984. ‘Tidligneolitiske anlaeg ved Mosegården. Regionale og kronologiske forskelle i Tidligneolithikum’, Kuml 1982–83, 61115.
Mercer, R., 1980. Hambledon Hill. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.
Needham, S. P., 1985. ‘Neolithic and Bronze Age settlement on the buried flood plains of Runnymede’, Oxford J. Archaeol. 4, 125–37.
Piggott, S., 1954. The neolithic cultures of the British Isles. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pryor, F., French, C. and Taylor, M., 1985. ‘An interim report on excavations at Etton, Maxey, Cambridgeshire, 1982–1984’, Antiq. J. 65, 275311.
Robertson-Mackay, M. E., 1980. ‘A “head and hoofs” burial beneath a round barrow, with other Neolithic and Bronze Age sites, on Hemp Knoll, near Avebury, Wiltshire’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 46, 123–76.
Robertson-Mackay, R., 1962a. ‘The excavation of the cause-wayed camp at Staines, Middlesex’, Archaeol. Newsletter 7, 131–34.
Robertson-Mackay, R., 1962b. [Staines] Excavations: Annual Report, 1961, 6. London: HMSO.
Robertson-Mackay, R., 1965. ‘The Primary Neolithic settlement in Southern England; some new aspects’, in Estratto dagli Atti del VI Congresso Internazionale delle science Preistoriche and Protostoriche, Vol. II, 319–22. Rome: UISPP.
Robertson-Mackay, R., Blackmore, L., Hurst, J. G., Jones, P., Moorhouse, S. and Webster, L., 1981. ‘A group of Saxon and Medieval finds from the site of the Neolithic cause-wayed enclosure at Staines, Surrey, with a note on the topography of the area’, Trans. London and Middlesex Archaeol. Soc. 32, 107–31.
Rosenfeld, A., 1971. ‘The examination of use marks on some Magdalenian end-scrapers’, British Museum Quarterly 35, 176–82.
Saville, A., 1977. ‘Two mesolithic implement types’, Northants Archaeol. 12, 38.
Saville, A., 1981. Grimes Graves, Norfolk, excavations 1971–72, Vol. 2: The flint assemblages. London: HMSO.
Shepherd, W., 1972. Flint: its origin, properties and uses. London: Faber.
Sieveking, G. de G., Bush, P., Ferguson, J., Craddock, P. T., Hughes, M.J. and Cowell, M. R., 1972. ‘Prehistoric flint mines and their identification as a source of raw material’, Archaeometry 14, 151–76.
Smith, I. F., 1965. Windmill Hill and Avebury. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Smith, I. F., 1971. ‘Causewayed enclosures’, in Simpson, D. D.A. (ed.), Economy and settlement in Neolithic and Early Bronze Age Britain and Europe, 89112. Leicester: Leicester University Press.
Smith, I. F., 1974. ‘The Neolithic’, in Renfrew, C. (ed.), British Prehistory: a new outline, 100–35. London: Duckworth.
Smith, R. A., 1921. ‘Hoards of neolithic celts’, Archaeologia 71, 113–24.
Trotter, M. and Gleser, G. C., 1952. ‘Estimation of stature from long-bones of American Whites and Negroes’, Amer. J. Phys. Anthrop. 10, 463514.
Trotter, M. and Gleser, G. C., 1958. ‘A re-evaluation of estimation of stature based on measurements of stature taken during life and long-bones after death’, Amer. J. Phys. Anthrop. 16, 79123.
Wainwright, G. J., 1972. ‘The excavation of a neolithic settlement on Broome Heath, Ditchingham, Norfolk’, Proc. Prehist. Soc. 38, 197.
Wainwright, G. J. and Longworth, I. H., 1971. Durrington Walls: excavations 1966–1968. London: Soc. Antiq. Res. Rep. 29.
Wheeler, R. E. M., 1943. Maiden Castle, Dorset. London: Soc. Antiq. Res. Rep. 12.
Whittle, A. W. R., 1977. The Earlier Neolithic of southern England and its continental background. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series 35.
Whittle, A., forthcoming. ‘Contexts, activities, events — aspects of Neolithic and Copper Age enclosures in central and western Europe’, in Burgess, C. C., and Mordant, D. and Topping, P. (eds), Enclosures and defences in the Neolithic of western Europe. Oxford: British Archaeological Reports International Series.
Willock, E. H., 1936. ‘A neolithic site at Haldon’, Proc. Devon Archaeol. Explor. Soc. 2, 244–63.
Type Description Title
PDF
Supplementary materials

Robertson-Mackay supplementary material
Robertson-Mackay supplementary material

 PDF (50.1 MB)
50.1 MB

The Neolithic Causewayed Enclosure at Staines, Surrey: Excavations 1961–63

  • Reay Robertson-Mackay (a1), S. Butcher, F. Cameron, H. Chandra, B. Conway, J. Dawes, F. Dimes, C. Grigson, E. Healey, H. Helbaek, E. Higgs, H. Hodges, H. Pengelly and A. Whittle...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed