Skip to main content Accessibility help

The Iron Age Enclosures and Prehistoric Landscape of Sutton Common, South Yorkshire

  • M. Parker Pearson (a1), R.E. Sydes (a2), S. Boardman (a3), B. Brayshay (a4), P.C. Buckland (a1), A. Chadwick (a1), M. Charles (a1), G. Crawley (a5), C. Cumberpatch (a6), M. Dearne (a7), J.A. Edmond (a5), D. Hale (a8), J. Henderson (a9), M. Lomas (a5), C. Merrony (a1), J. Moore (a1), A. Myers (a10), T. Roper (a1), J.-L. Schwenninger (a11), M. Taylor (a12), N. Whitehouse (a1) and M.L. Wright (a1)...


The Early Iron Age enclosures and associated sites on Sutton Common on the western edge of the Humberhead Levels contain an exceptional variety of archaeological data of importance not only to the region but for the study of later prehistory in the British Isles. Few other later prehistoric British sites outside the East Anglian fens and the Somerset Levels have thus far produced the quantity and quality of organically preserved archaeological materials that have been found, despite the small scale of the investigations to date. The excavations have provided an opportunity to integrate a variety of environmental analyses, of wood, pollen, beetles, waterlogged and carbonised plant remains, and of soil micromorphology, to address archaeological questions about the character, use, and environment of this Early Iron Age marsh fort. The site is comprised of a timber palisaded enclosure and a succeeding multivallate enclosure linked to a smaller enclosure by a timber alignment across a palaeochannel, with associated finds ranging in date from the Middle Bronze Age to the Roman and medieval periods. Among the four adjacent archaeological sites is an Early Mesolithic occupation site, also with organic preservation, and there is a Late Neolithic site beneath the large enclosure. Desiccation throughout the common is leading to the damage and loss of wooden and organic remains. It is hoped that the publication of these results, of investigations between 1987 and 1993, will lead to a fuller investigation taking place.



Hide All
Adams, M., Merrony, C. & Sydes, R.E. 1988. Excavations at Sutton Common, South Yorkshire 1988. South Yorkshire Archaeology Unit.
Allcroft., A.H. 1908. Earthworks of England. London: Macmillan.
Alexander, K.N.A. 1994. An Annotated Checklist of British Lignicolous and Saproxylic Invertebrates. Cirencester: National Trust Estates Advisors' Office.
Annable, F.K. 1960. The Romano-British Pottery at Cantley Housing Estate, Doncaster: Kilns 1–8. Doncaster: Doncaster Museum Publication 24.
ARCUS 1994. Sutton Common Environmental Analysis: full report. Archaeological Research Consultancy at the University of Sheffield Report 181.
Badcock, A. & Symonds, J. 1994. Archaeological field evaluation of land at Styrrup Hall Farm, Styrrup, Nottinghamshire. Archaeological Research Consultancy at the University of Sheffield Report 119.
Bates, C.D.P., Coxon, P. & Gibbard, P.L. 1978. A new method for the preparation of clay rich samples for palynological investigation. New Phytologist 81, 459–63.
Benninghof, W.S. 1962. Calculation of pollen and spore density in sediments by addition of exotic pollen in known quantities. Pollen et Spores 4, 332–3.
Boardman, S. & Jones, G. 1990. Experiments on the effects of charring on cereal plant components. Journal of Archaeological Science 17, 111.
Branigan, K. (ed.). 1980. Rome and the Brigantes: the impact of Rome on northern England. Sheffield: Department of Prehistory & Archaeology, University of Sheffield.
Brewster, T.C.M. 1963. The Excavation of Staple Howe. Malton: East Riding Archaeological Research Committee.
Britton, D. 1963. Traditions of metal working in the Later Neolithic and Early Bronze Age of Britain: part 1. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 29, 258352.
Britton, D. 1968. Late Bronze Age Finds in the Heathery Burn Cave, Co. Durham. London: Inventaria Archaeologica. Great Britain, 9th set: G.B. 55:
Britton, D. 1971. The Heathery Burn cave revisited. In Sieveking, G. de G. (ed.), Prehistoric and Roman Studies, 2038. London: British Museum.
Brown, N. 1987. A Late Bronze Age enclosure at Loft's Farm, Essex. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 54, 249302.
Buckland, P.C. & Coope, G. R. 1991. A Bibliography and Literature Review of Quaternary Entomology. Sheffield: Collis Publications.
Buckland, P.C. & Dolby, M.J. 1973. Mesolithic and later material from Misterton Carr, Notts.: an interim report. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 77, 533.
Buckland, P.C. & Dolby, M.J. 1980. A Roman Pottery Kiln Site at Blaxton Quarry, near Doncaster. Doncaster: Archaeology of Doncaster 4/1.
Buckland, P.C. & Sadler, J. 1985. Late Flandrian alluviation in the Humberhead Levels. East Midlands Geographer 8, 239–51.
Bullock, P., Federoff, N., Jongerius, A., Stoops, G., Tursina, T. & Babel, U. 1985. Handbook for Soil Thin Section Description. Wolverhampton: Waine Research Publications.
Burgess, C. 1968a. Bronze Age dirks and rapiers as illustrated by examples from Durham and Northumberland. Transactions of the Architectural & Archaeological Society of Durham and Northumberland 1, 326.
Burgess, C. 1968b. The Later Bronze Age in the British Isles and North-western France. Archaeological Journal 125, 145.
Burgess, C. 1968c. Bronze Age Metalwork in Northern England c. 1000 to 700 BC. Newcastle upon Tyne: Oriel.
Burgess, C. & Gerloff, S. 1981. The Dirks and Rapiers of Great Britain and Ireland. Munich: C.H. Beck'sche Verlagsbuchhandlung, Prähistorische Bronzefunde Ab. IV, 7 Band.
Challis, A.J. & Harding, D.W. 1975. Later Prehistory from the Trent to the Tyne. Oxford: British Archaeological Report 20.
Chowne, P., Girling, M. & Greig, J. 1986. Excavations at an Iron Age defended enclosure at Tattershall Thorpe, Lincolnshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 52, 159–88.
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Moore, D.M. 1989. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge: University Press.
Clapham, A.R., Tutin, T.G. & Warburg, C.F. 1962. Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge: University Press.
Clark, J.G.D. 1954. Excavations at Star Carr. Cambridge: University Press.
Coles, B. 1990. Anthropomorphic wooden figures from Britain and Ireland. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 56, 315–33.
Coles, J.M. 1987. Meare Village East. Taunton: Somerset Levels Papers 13.
Coles, J.M. & Minnit, S. 1995. ‘Industrious and Fairly Civilised’: The Glastonbury Lake Village. Taunton: Somerset Levels Project & Somerset County Council Museums Service.
Coombs, D.G. & Thompson, F.H. 1979. Excavation of the hill fort of Mam Tor, Derbyshire 1965-69. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 99, 751.
Coope G., R. & Osborne, P. J. 1968. Report on the coleopterous fauna of the Roman well at Barnsley Park, Gloucestershire. Transactions of the Bristol & Gloustershire Archaeological Society 86, 84–7.
Crystal, R.N. 1937. Insects of the British Woodlands. London: Frederick Warne.
Cunliffe, B.W. 1971. Excavations at Fishbourne, 1961–1969. London: Report of the Research Committee of the Society of Antiquaries 27.
Cunliffe, B.W. 1991. Iron Age Communities in Britain: an account of England, Scotland and Wales from the seventh century BC until the Roman Conquest. London: Routledge (3rd edition).
Cunliffe, B.W. & Phillipson, D.W. 1968. Excavations at Eldon's Seat, Encombe, Dorset. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 34, 191237.
Davey, P.J. 1971. The distribution of later Bronze Age metalwork from Lincolnshire. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 37, 96111.
Davey, P.J. 1973. Bronze Age metalwork from Lincolnshire. Archaeologia 104, 51127.
Dent, J.S. 1982. Cemeteries and settlement patterns of the Iron Age on the Yorkshire Wolds. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 48, 437–57.
Dickson, C. 1989. The Roman army diet in Britain and Germany. Archaobotanik. Dissertationes Botanicae 133, 135–54.
Dinnin, M. 1991. The sub-fossil occurrence of the Greater Silver Water-beetle Hydrophilus piceus (L.) (Col: Hydrophiliidae) at Shirley Pool, South Yorkshire. Naturalist (Hull) 116, 57–9
Dinnin, M. 1992. Islands within islands: the development of the British entomofauna during the Holocene and the implications for nature conservation. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Sheffield.
Elgee, F. 1930. Early Man in North-East Yorkshire. Gloucester: Bellows.
Faegri, K. & Iversen, J. 1975. Textbook of Pollen Analysis. Oxford: Blackwell (3rd edition).
Fowler, E. 1960. The origins and development of the penannular brooch in Europe. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 26, 149–77.
French, C. & Taylor, M. 1985. Desiccation and destruction: the immediate effects of de-watering at Etton, Cambridgeshire. Oxford Journal of Archaeology 4, 139–55.
Friday, L.E. 1988. A Key to the Adults of British Water Beetles. London: Royal Entomological Society Field Studies 7.
Garland, S.P. 1983. Beetles as primary woodland indicators. Sorby Record 21, 338.
Gaunt, G.D. 1994. Geology of the Country Around Goole, Doncaster, and the Isle of Axholme. Memoir for One-inch Sheets 79 and 88 (England and Wales). British Geological Survey. London: HMSO.
Geomorphological Services Ltd. 1990. Hydrological appraisal of Sutton Common, Askern, South Yorkshire. Unpublished report for English Heritage.
Halstead, D.G.H. 1963. Coleoptera: Histeridae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects IX, 10. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Hansen, M. 1987. The Hydrophiloidea (Coleoptera) of Fennoscandia and Denmark. Fauna Entomologica Scandinavica 18. Leiden: Scandinavian Science Press.
Harde, K. 1984. A Field Guide in Colour to Beetles. London: Octopus.
Harding, P.T. & Rose, F. 1986. Pasture Woodlands in Lowland Britain. Edinburgh: Institute of Terrestrial Ecology, Natural Environment Research Council.
Head, R., Chapman, H., Fenwick, H., Van de Noort, R. & Lillie, M. 1997. The archaeological survey of the Rivers Aire, Went, former Turnbridge Dike (Don North Branch) and the Hampole Beck. In Noort, R. van der and Ellis, S. (eds), Wetland Heritage of the Humberhead Levels: an Archaeological Survey, 229–64. London: English Heritage.
Henderson, J. 1991. The chemical analysis of glass beads from Burton Fleming and Rudston. In Stead, I., Iron Age Cemeteries in East Yorkshire, 167–9. London: English Heritage.
Heslop, D.H. 1987. The Excavation of an Iron Age Settlement at Thorpe Thewles, Cleveland, 1980-1982. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 65.
Hillam, J. 1991. Dendrochronology in England: the dating of a wooden causeway from Lincolnshire and a logboat from Humberside. In Vuaillat, D. (ed.), Le Berry et le Limousin à l'Age du Fer. Artisanat du Bois et des Matières Organiques, 137–41. Limousin: Guèret Association pour la Recherche Archéologique en Limousin, Actes du XIIIe Colloque de l'AFEAF, Guéret, Mai 1989.
Hoffmann, A. 1954. Coléopteres Curculionides. Faune de France. Paris.
Horion, A. 1953. Faunistik der Mitteleuropäischen Käfer 3. Munich.
Horion, A. 1962. Faunistik der Mitteleuropäischen Käfer. Bodensee: Uberlingen.
Hunt, C.O. 1985. Recent advances in pollen extraction techniques: a brief review. In Fieller, N., Gilbertson, D. & Ralph, N. (eds), Palaeobiological Investigations, Research Design, Methods and Data Analysis, 181–8. Oxford: British Archaeological Report S266.
Hunter, F.A. 1977. Ecology of pinewood beetles. In Bunce, R.G.H. & Jeffers, J.N.R. (eds), Native Pinewoods of Scotland, 4255. Institute of Terrestrial Ecology. Natural Environment Research Council.
Kaufmann, R.R.U. 1948. Notes on the distribution of the British Longicorn Coleoptera. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 84, 6685.
Kenward, H. 1982. Insect communities and death assemblages, past and present. In Hall, A.R. & Kenward, H. (eds), Environmental Archaeology in the Urban Context, 71–8. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 43.
Landin, B. O. 1961. Ecological studies on dung-beetles. Entomologica Supplementae 19.
Lee, J. & Kemp, R.A. 1992. Thin sections of unconsolidated sediments and soils: a recipe. Technical Report N-2. Centre for Environmental Analysis and Management, Department of Geography, Royal Holloway College, University of London.
Lillie, M. 1997. The palaeoenvironmental survey of the Rivers Aire, Went, former Turnbridge Dike (Don north branch), and the Hampole Beck. In Noort, R. van der & Ellis, S. (eds), Wetland Heritage of the Humberhead Levels: an Archaeological Survey, 4778. London: English Heritage.
Lucht, W.H. 1987. Die Käfer Mitteleuropas, Katalog. Krefeld: Goeke & Evers.
MacCormick, A.G. 1968. Three dug-out canoes and a wheel from Holme Pierrepoint, Nottinghamshire. Transactions of the Thoroton Society of Nottinghamshire 72, 1431.
Manby, T.G. 1988a Double ditched enclosure: South Kirkby, West Yorkshire. In Riley, D.N. (ed.), Yorkshire's Past from the Air, 24–5. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
Manby, T.G. 1988b. Multiple ditched enclosure: Little Smeaton, West Yorkshire. In Riley, D.N. (ed.), Yorkshire's Past from the Air, 26–7. Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.
May, J. 1976. Prehistoric Lincolnshire. Lincoln: History of Lincolnshire Committee.
Merrony, C. 1993. The archaeological assessment in advance of the Dearne towns link road (stage 4) development at Goldthorpe. In Cumberpatch, C. and Whiteley, S. (eds), Archaeology in South Yorkshire 1992-1993. Sheffield: South Yorkshire Archaeology Service.
Mohr, K.-H. 1966. Familie Chrysomelidae. In Freude, H., Harde, K.W., & Lohse, G.A. (eds), Die Käfer Mitteleuropas 9. Krefeld: Goeke & Evers.
Mook, W.G. 1986. Business meeting: recommendations/resolutions adopted by the twelfth International Radiocarbon Conference. Radiocarbon 28, 799.
Moore, J.A. 1986. Charophytes of Great Britain and Ireland. London: BSBI Handbook 3.
Morris, M.G. 1990. Orthocerous weevils. Coleoptera Curculionoidea (Nemonychidae, Anthribidae, Urodontidae, Attelabidae and Apionidae). Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects. V, 16. London: Royal Entomological Society.
Morris, M.G. 1993. A review of the British species of Rhynchaeninae (Col., Curculionidae). Entomologists Monthly Magazine 129, 177–97.
Munro, J.W. 1926. British bark beetles. Forestry Commission Bulletin 8.
Nayling, N.T. 1988. The Archaeological Wood Survey: a review of the potential and problems of waterlogged structural wood. London: English Heritage.
Needham, S. 1990. The Penard-Wilburton succession: new metalwork finds from Croxton (Norfolk) and Thirsk (Yorkshire). Antiquaries Journal 70, 253–70.
Needham, S. 1991. Excavation and Salvage at Runnymede Bridge 1978: the Late Bronze Age Waterfront Site. London: British Museum/English Heritage.
Needham, S. & Ambers, J. 1994. Redating Rams Hill and reconsidering Bronze Age enclosure. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 60, 225–43.
Noort, R. van de & Davies, P. 1993. Wetland Heritage: an Archaeological Assessment of the Humber Wetland. Hull: Humber Wetlands Project.
Osborne, P.J. 1969. An insect fauna of Late Bronze Age date from Wilsford, Wiltshire. Journal of Animal Ecology 38, 555–66.
Osborne, P.J. 1979. Insect remains. In Smith, C., Fisherwick: the Reconstruction of an Iron Age Landscape, 85–7. Oxford: British Archaeological Report 61.
Palm, T. 1959. Die Holz und Rindenkäfer der sud- und mittelschwedischen Laubbäume. Opuscula Entomologica. Supplement 16.
Parker Pearson, M. 1994a. Sutton Common Assessment and Analysis of Environmental Samples 1987-93: a proposal for research in 1993/4. Unpublished report, Department of Archaeology & Prehistory, University of Sheffield.
Parker Pearson, M. 1994b. Overview and integration of environmental archaeological evidence. In ARCUS 1994, Sutton Common environmental analysis: full report, 18. Archaeological Research Consultancy at the University of Sheffield Report 181.
Parker Pearson, M. 1994c Sutton Common: further investigations of the Iron Age enclosures. In Cumberpatch, C. & Whiteley, S. (eds), Archaeology in South Yorkshire 1993–94, 71–4. Sheffield: South Yorkshire Archaeological Services.
Parker Pearson, M. & Merrony, C. 1993. Sutton Common Desiccation Assessment 1993: interim report. Unpublished report, University of Sheffield, South Yorkshire Archaeological Services, & Doncaster Museum.
Parker Pearson, M. & Sydes, R. 1996. Sutton Common: a South Yorkshire wetland. In Cox, M. and Straker, V. (eds), Wetlands: Nature Conservation and Archaeology, 103–13. London: HMSO.
Parry, S. & McGrail, S. 1991. A prehistoric plank boat fragment and a hard from Caldicot Castle Lake, Gwent, Wales. International journal of Nautical Archaeology 20, 321–4.
Phillips, C.W. 1941. Some recent finds from the Trent near Nottingham. Antiquaries Journal 21, 133–43.
Pollard, A.M., Bussell, G.D. & Baird, D.C. 1981. The analytical investigation of early Bronze Age jet and jet-like material from the Devizes Museum. Archaeometry 23, 139–67.
Powlesland, D. 1988. Staple Howe in its landscape. In Manby, T. (ed.), Archaeology in Eastern Yorkshire: essays in honour of TCM Brewster FSA, 101–7. Sheffield: Department of Archaeology & Prehistory, University of Sheffield.
Preston, F.L. 1954. The hill forts of the Peak. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 27, 131.
Pryor, F. 1992. Flag Fen: Prehistoric Fenland Centre. London: Batsford/English Heritage.
Pryor, F. forthcoming. Excavations at Etton, near Maxey, Cambridgeshire, 1982–87. London: English Heritage.
Radley, J. & Mellars, P. 1964. A Mesolithic structure at Deepcar, Yorkshire, and the affinities of its associated flint industries. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 30, 124.
Raistrick, A. 1929. The Bronze Age in West Yorkshire. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 29, 354–65.
Raistrick, A. 1938. Iron-Age settlements in West Yorkshire. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 34, 115–50.
Raw, F. 1957. The ecology of the garden chafer, Phyllopertha horticola (L.) with preliminary observations on control measures. Bulletin of Entomological Research 48, 605–45.
Reynolds, P. 1994. Butser ancient farm. In Fitzpatrick, A.P. and Morris, E. L. (eds), The Iron Age in Wessex: recent work, 1114. Salisbury: Trust for Wessex Archaeology/AFEAF.
Riley, D.N. 1980. Early Landscapes from the Air: Studies of Crop Marks in South Yorkshire and North Nottinghamshire. Sheffield: Department of Archaeology & Prehistory: University of Sheffield.
Robinson, M. 1979. Plants and invertebrates: interpretation. In Lambrick, G. & Robinson, M. (eds), Iron Age and Roman Riverside Settlements, 106–23. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 32.
Robinson, M. 1981. Appendix I: the use of ecological groupings of Coleoptera for comparing sites. In Jones, M. & Dimbleby, G. (eds), The Environment of Man: the Iron Age to the Anglo-Saxon period, 279–81. Oxford: British Archaeological Report 87.
Robinson, M. 1991. The Neolithic and Late Bronze Age insect assemblages. In Needham, S., Excavation and Salvage at Runnymede Bridge 1978: the Late Bronze Age Waterfront Site, 277326. London: British Museum/English Heritage.
Robinson, M. 1993. The scientific evidence. In Allen, T.G. & Robinson, M.A. (eds), The Prehistoric Landscape and Iron Age Enclosed Settlement at Mingies Ditch, Hardwick-with-Yelford, Oxon, 101–41. Oxford: Oxford Archaeological Unit.
Schadla-Hall, R.T. 1988. The early post-glacial in eastern Yorkshire. In Manby, T. (ed.), Archaeology in Eastern Yorkshire: essays in honour of TCM Brewster FSA, 2534. Sheffield: Department of Archaeology & Prehistory, University of Sheffield.
Skidmore, P. 1991. Insects of the British Cow-Dung Community. Field Studies Council.
Skidmore, P., Limbert, M. & Eversham, B.C. 1985. The Insects of Thorne Moors. Sorby Record 23.
Smith, B.M. 1985. A Palaeoecological Study of Raised Mires in the Humberhead Levels. Unpublished Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wales.
Smith, R.A. 1928. Pre-Roman remains at Scarborough. Archaeologia 77, 179200.
Stace, C. 1991. New Flora of the British Isles. Cambridge: University Press.
Stanley, J. 1954. An Iron Age fort at Ball Cross Farm, Bakewell. Derbyshire Archaeological Society Journal 27, 8599.
Stead, I.M. 1965. The La Tene Cultures of Eastern Yorkshire. York: Yorkshire Philosophical Society.
Stead, I.M. 1968. An Iron Age hill-fort at Grimthorpe, Yorkshire, England. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 34, 148–90.
Stead, I.M. 1991. Iron Age Cemeteries in East Yorkshire. London: English Heritage.
Stead, I.M. & Rigby, V. 1986. Baldock. London: Britannia Monograph 7.
Stuiver, M. & Pearson, G.W. 1986. High-precision calibration of the radiocarbon timescale, AD 1950 to 500 BC. Radiocarbon 28, 805–38.
Stuiver, M. & Reimer, P.J. 1986. A computer programme for radiocarbon age calibration. Radiocarbon 28, 10221030.
Surtees, S. F. 1868. Footprints of Roman Occupation in the Southern Parts of North Humber Land. Leeds: Baines.
Swain, H. 1988. Pottery survival in the field. Scottish Archaeological Review 5, 87–9.
Sydes, R.E. 1992. Report on the re-excavation of Trench A/C, Sutton Common, South Yorkshire. Unpublished report, Department of Archaeology & Prehistory, University of Sheffield.
Sydes, R. & Symonds, J. 1987. Sutton Common 1987 excavation report. South Yorkshire Archaeology Unit, Sheffield.
Taylor, M. forthcoming. The worked wood. In Lambrick, G., Excavations at Goose Acre Farm, Radley. Oxoniensia.
Therkorn, L.L., Brandt, R.W., Pals, J.P., & Taylor, M. 1984. Early Iron Age Farmstead: Site Q of the Assendelver Polders Project. Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society 50, 351–73.
Thompson, R.T. 1958. Coleoptera: Phalacridae. Handbooks for the Identification of British Insects V, 5(b). London: Royal Entomological Society.
Todd, M. 1973. The Coritani. London: Duckworth.
Tutin, T.G., Heywood, V.H., Burgess, N.A., Valentine, D.H., Walters, S.M. & Webb, D.A. 1964. Flora Europea. Cambridge: University Press.
Varley, W.J. 1948. The hill-forts of the Welsh Marches. Archaeological Journal 105, 4166.
Varley, W.J. 1976. A summary of the excavations at Castle Hill, Almondbury 1939–1972. In Harding, D.W. (ed.), Hillforts: Later Prehistoric Earthworks in Britain and Ireland, 119–31. London: Academic Press.
Ward, C.S. 1988. The vegetational history of Shirley Wood, South Yorkshire. Unpublished BA dissertation, University of Sheffield.
Wheeler, H. 1979. Excavation at Willington, Derbyshire, 1970–1972. Derbyshire Archaeological Journal 99, 58220.
Whitehead, P.F. 1992. Ontbophagus fracticornis (Preyssler) and O. natans (F.) (Col., Scarabaeidae) as fossils in Worcestershire with comments on the genus. Entomologist's Monthly Magazine 128, 31–2.
Whiting, C.E. 1936. Excavations on Sutton Common, 1933, 1934 and 1935. Yorkshire Archaeological Journal 33, 5780.
Wrathmell, S. & Nicholson, A. 1990. Dalton Parlours: Iron Age Settlement and Roman Villa. Wakefield: West Yorkshire Archaeology Service, Yorkshire Archaeology 3.
Wymer, J.J. (ed.) 1977. Gazetteer of Mesolithic sites in England and Wales. London: Council for British Archaeology Research Report 20.


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed