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Publication process after acceptance


Once an article has been accepted, the process of copyediting, proofing, typesetting and publishing the article will begin. Authors will be asked to ensure all final files are submitted to ScholarOne before the article can be sent to Cambridge University Press for production.

Your point of contact with Cambridge University Press will be the content manager of the journal. For more information about how production works at Cambridge University Press, please see our information on publishing an accepted paper, which explains how an article goes from accepted manuscript to fully published. There may be small differences between journals with this process. You can also check our Journal Production FAQs.

Accepted Manuscripts

This journal publishes Accepted Manuscripts online rapidly following acceptance (and receipt of final files and completed publishing agreements), allowing authors to make their work available to read and cite much more quickly. More information about Accepted Manuscripts can be found below.

What version of the article will be published?

The version of the article that is accepted by the Editor will be converted to PDF format and published online as is, before copy-editing or typesetting. The Accepted Manuscript will eventually be replaced with the final copy-edited and typeset Version of Record.

When will the Accepted Manuscript be published?

We aim to publish the Accepted Manuscript within 48 hours of final acceptance, provided we have received all final files and a completed publishing agreement.

How can I cite my Accepted Manuscript?

Your Accepted Manuscript will be given a DOI, which can be used to cite the manuscript. Citations should indicate that the manuscript is not the final version.

Are figures or tables included in the Accepted Manuscript?

If authors wish to include figures/tables within the published Accepted Manuscript, they will need to supply a clean version of the manuscript (as one file) with these figures/tables included, for the purposes of Accepted Manuscript publication. This clean version should be clearly named and have the figures/tables placed in the appropriate places within the article.

If any figures/tables are essential for readers to understand the manuscript, authors must provide a clean version of their manuscript with these figures/tables included. 

Can I opt out of Accepted Manuscript publication?

Authors wishing to opt out of Accepted Manuscript publication must contact the Editorial Office before acceptance and no later than 24 hours after acceptance.

What happens if I want to make changes to my Accepted Manuscript?

You will still be able to make corrections to typographical errors in your proofs in the usual way, which will be incorporated into the final Version of Record. Proofs will be sent to you around two weeks after acceptance.

What licence will the Accepted Manuscript be published under?

If you have chosen to publish your article Gold Open Access, this will only apply to the final Version of Record due to workflow limitations. That is, a Creative Commons licence will not be applied to this Accepted Manuscript. However, authors may continue to benefit from this journal’s Green Open Access policy, which allows authors to use a Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence when sharing their accepted manuscripts in other situations.

If you have not chosen Gold Open Access, this Accepted Manuscript will be published in accordance with the terms of your publishing agreement.

In all cases, the final Version of Record will always be published with the licence chosen in your publishing agreement.

Receiving proofs

Once proofs have been sent, authors can directly make changes to the article via PNS' online correction tool, although please note that only changes to errors induced by typesetting/copyediting, or typographical errors, will be accepted. Revisions to the substance of the text is not permitted, unless discussed with the Editor in Chief.

Corrected proofs should be returned within 2 days. Please note that supplementary material will not be copyedited.

Online publication

Following the completion of the production process, papers will be published online as an Accepted manuscript, whereby they are given a DOI and considered the Version of Record. Papers are then copyedited and typeset and published on FirstView, before being assigned to an issue.

Authors will receive a link to their published paper by email.


Changes cannot be made to articles once published. Any changes must be made via the standard process of issuing a correction notice. Please contact the journal's Content Manager if any error has been identified. The final decision on whether a correction notice should be published will be taken by the Publisher in consultation with the Editorial Team.

Please see here for further information.