Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home
Hostname: page-component-559fc8cf4f-67gxp Total loading time: 0.317 Render date: 2021-02-27T07:39:00.484Z Has data issue: true Feature Flags: { "shouldUseShareProductTool": true, "shouldUseHypothesis": true, "isUnsiloEnabled": true, "metricsAbstractViews": false, "figures": false, "newCiteModal": false, "newCitedByModal": true }

Wild-gathered fungi for health and rural livelihoods

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  07 March 2007

Miriam de Román
Affiliation:
CABI Bioscience, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TY, UK
Eric Boa
Affiliation:
CABI Bioscience, Bakeham Lane, Egham, Surrey TW20 9TY, UK
Steve Woodward
Affiliation:
School of Biological Sciences, University of Aberdeen, Plant and Soil Science, St Machar Drive, Aberdeen AB24 3UU, UK
Corresponding
E-mail address:
Rights & Permissions[Opens in a new window]

Abstract

Fungi are a good source of digestible proteins and fibre, are low in fat and energy and make a useful contribution to vitamin and mineral intake. In terms of current dietary advice, 80 g fungi represent one portion of vegetables. Dried fungi and concentrated extracts are also used as medicines and dietary supplements. Some species show strong anti-tumour and antioxidant activity by enhancing various immune system functions and lowering cholesterol levels. Nevertheless, there are also some safety concerns. Edible species might be mistaken for poisonous ones, high heavy-metal concentrations in wild edible fungi (WEF) are a known source of chronic poisoning and the consumption of WEF can contribute markedly to the radiocaesium intake of human subjects. Some regions of Europe have a strong WEF tradition, especially eastern Europe. In the UK the consumption of wild fungi is considered of minor importance. Only one-third of adults consume fungi (cultivated species and WEF) throughout the UK; the average intake of fungi in the UK is estimated to be 0.12 kg fresh weight per capita per year. At least eighty-two species of wild fungi are recorded as being consumed in the UK, although certain species (e.g. chanterelle (Cantharellus cibarius), cep (Boletus edulis), oyster mushroom (Pleurotus ostreatus)) are favoured over others. Although WEF are not essential components in the daily diet, they are a nutritionally-valuable addition to the range of vegetables consumed, and their role in helping to avert food shortages in less-favoured areas should be definitely considered.

Type
Meeting Report
Copyright
Copyright © The Nutrition Society 2006

References

Agrahar-Murugkar, D Subbulakshmi, G (2005) Nutritional value of edible mushrooms collected from the Khasi hills of Meghalaya Food Chemistry 89 599603.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alofe, FV (1991) Amino acids and trace minerals of three edible wild mushrooms from Nigeria. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 4 167174.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alofe, FV Odevemi, O Oke, OL (1996) Three edible wild mushrooms from Nigeria: Their proximate and mineral composition Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 49 6373.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Alonso, J García, MA Pérez-López, M Melgar, MJ (2003) The concentrations and bioconcentration factors of Cu and Zn in edible mushrooms Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 44 180188.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Alonso, J Salgado, MJ García, MA Melgar, MJ (2000) Accumulation of Hg in edible macrofungi: influence of some factors Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 38 158162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Baeza, A Guillén, FJ (2004) Dose due to mushroom ingestion in Spain Radiation Protection Dosimetry 111 97100.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Barcan, VS Kovnatsky, EF Smetannikova, MS (1998) Absorption of heavy metals in wild berries and edible mushrooms in an area affected by smelter emissions Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 103 173195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Barnett, CL Beresford, NA Self, PL, Howard, BJ Frankland, JC, Fulker, MJ Dodd, BA, Marriott, JVR (1999) Radiocaesium activity concentrations in the fruit-bodies of macrofungi in Great Britain and an assessment of dietary intake habits The Science of the Total Environment 231 6783.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Berelle, G (2002) Organiser le ramassage des champignons (Organising the collection of mushrooms) Forets de France 456 31Google Scholar
Boa, E (2004) Wild Edible Fungi. A Global Overview of Their Use and Importance to People. Non-wood Forest Products Series no 17. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
Bokhary, HA Parvez, S (1993) Chemical composition of desert truffles Terfezia claveryi. Journal of Food Composition and Analysis 6 285293.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Botha, WJ Eicker, A (1992) Nutritional value of Termitomyces mycelial protein and growth of mycelium on natural substrates Mycological Research 96 350354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Byrom, J Robinson, CA Simmonds, JR, Walters, CB (1995) Food consumption rates for use in generalised radiological dose assessments. Journal of Radiological Protection 15 335342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Caglarirmak, N Unal, K Otles, S (2002) Nutritional value of edible wild mushrooms collected from the Black Sea region of Turkey Micologia Aplicada International 14 15.Google Scholar
Cheung, PC-K (1997) Dietary fibre content and composition of some edible fungi determined by two methods of analysis. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 73 55260.3.0.CO;2-U>CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Coli, R Coli, AM Granetti, B Damiani, P (1988) The nutritional value and protein quality of the carpophores of Boletus aereus, Boletus edulis, Boletus pinicola and Boletus reticulatus Annali della Facolta di Agraria, Universita degli Studi di Perugia 42 873898.Google Scholar
de Román, M Boa, E (2004) Collection, marketing and cultivation of edible fungi in Spain Micologia Aplicada International 16 1523.Google Scholar
Díez, VA Álvarez A (2001) Compositional and nutritional studies on two wild edible mushrooms from northwest Spain Food Chemistry 75 417422.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Druzhinina, I Palma-Oliveira, JM (2004) Radioactive contamination of wild mushrooms: a cross-cultural risk perception study. Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 74 8390.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Eisenhut, R Fritz, D Tiefel, P (1995) Investigations on nutritionally valuable constituents (mineral substances, amino acids, aromatic substances) of Hericium erinaceus (Bull.: Fr.) Pers Gartenbauwissenschaft 60 212218.Google Scholar
Falandysz, J Bona, H Danisiewicz, D (1994) Silver content of wild-grown mushrooms from northern Poland Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung 199A 222224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Falandysz, J Jedrusiak, A Lipka, K, Kannan, K Kawano, M, Gucia, M Brzostowski, A, Dadej, M (2004) Mercury in wild mushrooms and underlying soil substrate from Koszalin, North-central Poland Chemosphere 54 461466.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Fulker, MJ, McKay, K, John, C & Jackson, D (1995) Radioactivity in Terrestrial Wild Foods Near Sellafield. Final Report to the Ministry of Agriculture Fisheries and Food. Moor Row, Cumbria: Westlakes Research (Trading) Ltd.Google Scholar
García, MA Alonso, J Fernández, MI Melgar, MJ (1998) Lead content in edible wild mushrooms in Northwest Spain as indicator of environmental contamination Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 34 330335.Google ScholarPubMed
Giovani, C Garavaglia, M Scruzzi, E (2004) Radiocaesium in mushrooms from northeast Italy, 1986–2002 Radiation Protection Dosimetry 111 377383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hosford, D, Pilz, D, Molina, M & Amaranthus, M (1997) Ecology and Management of the Commercially Harvested American Matsutake Mushroom. General Technical Report PNW-GTR-412. Portland, OR: US Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ikekawa, T (2001) Beneficial effects of edible and medicinal mushrooms on health care International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 3 291298.Google Scholar
Ilievska, BP Petrovska, BB (2000) Amino acid analysis of some Macedonian edible wild mushrooms Acta Pharmaceutica 50 141149.Google Scholar
Isiloglu, M Merdivan, M Yilmaz, F (2001) Heavy metal contents in some macrofungi collected in the northwestern part of Turkey Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 41 17.Google ScholarPubMed
Joint Food Standards and Safety Group (2000) Multi-element Survey of Wild Edible Fungi and Blackberries. MAFF UK Food Surveillance Information Sheet no. 199. London: H. M. Stationery Office.Google Scholar
Kardell, L (1980) Forest berries and mushrooms – an endangered resource Ambio 9 241247.Google Scholar
Kirchner, G Daillant, O (1998) Accumulation of 210 Pb, 26 Ra and radioactive cesium by fungi The Science of the Total Environment 222 6370.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Kuyper, TW (2002) Ethnomycology in Africa Coolia 45 191197.Google Scholar
Lakshmi, B Tilak, JC Adhikari, S Devasagayam, TPA Janardhanan, KK (2004) Evaluation of antioxidant activity of selected Indian mushrooms Pharmaceutical Biology 42 179185.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
León-Guzmán, MF Silva, I López, MG (1997) Proximate chemical composition, free amino acid contents, and free fatty acid contents of some wild edible mushrooms from Querétaro, Mexico. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 45 43294332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ling, C Hua, J Chen, H, Feng, L (1990) Studies on the nutritional value and biological effect of Collybia velutipes Acta Nutrimenta Sinica 12 178184.Google Scholar
Longvah, T Deosthale, YG (1998) Compositional and nutritional studies on edible wild mushroom from northeast India Food Chemistry 63 331334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Manzi, P Aguzzi, A Pizzoferrato, L (2001) Nutritional value of mushrooms widely consumed in Italy Food Chemistry 73 321325.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Mattila, PH Piironen, VI Uusi-Rauva, EJ Koivistoinen, PE (1994) Vitamin D contents in edible mushrooms. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 42 24492453.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Melgar, MJ Alonso, J Pérez-López, M García, MA (1998) Influence of some factors in toxicity and accumulation of Cd from edible wild macrofungi in NW Spain. Journal of Environmental Science and Health B33 439455.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Michelot, D Poirier, F Melendez-Howell, LM (1999) Metal content profiles in mushrooms collected in primary forests of Latin America Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 36 256263.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Molitoris, HP (2002) Pilze in Medizin, Folklore und Religion (Mushrooms in medicine, folklore and religion) Feddes Repertorium 113 165182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Morris, S (2002) Mushroom hunters forced to get licenses. The Guardian 23 September issue, 9.Google Scholar
Mukhiibi, J (1973) The nutritional value of some Uganda mushrooms Acta Horticulturae 33 171176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Ooi, V (2001) Pharmacological studies on certain mushrooms from China International Journal of Medicinal Mushrooms 3 341354.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Outila, TA Mattila, PH Piironen, VI, Lamberg-Allardt, CJE (1999) Bioavailability of vitamin D from wild mushrooms (Cantharellus tubaeformis) as measured with a human bioassay American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69 9598.Google ScholarPubMed
Rudawska, M Leski, T (2005) Macro- and microelement contents of fruiting bodies of wild mushrooms from the Notecka forest in west-central Poland Food Chemistry 92 499506.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sadler, M (2003) Nutritional properties of edible fungi Nutrition Bulletin 28 305308.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Sanmee, R Dell, B Lumyong, P, Izumori, K Lumyong, S (2003) Nutritive value of popular wild edible mushrooms from northern Thailand Food Chemistry 82 527532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Seeger, R Trumpfheller, S Schweinshaut, P (1983) On the occurrence of sodium in fungi Deutsche Lebensmittel-Rundschau 79 8087.Google Scholar
Solomko, EF Panchenko, LP Sil'chenkova, RK (1984) Lipid content and fatty acid composition of an edible higher fungus, the oyster mushroom Pleurotus ostreatus (Fr.) Kummer Applied Biochemistry and Microbiology 20 224229.Google ScholarPubMed
Statkiewicz, U Gayny, B (1994) Contamination of some wild edible fungi with metals Roczniki Panstwowego Zakadu Higieny 45 2735.Google Scholar
Svoboda, L Zimmermannová, K Kalac, P (2000) Concentrations of Hg, Cd, Pb and Cu in fruiting bodies of edible mushrooms in an emission area of a Cu smelter and a Hg smelter The Science of the Total Environment 246 6167.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Tudge, C (2001) The best medicine New Scientist 172 4043.Google Scholar
Vasser, SI Hrodzyns'ka, HA Lyuhin, VO (1992) Accumulation of radioactive elements by macromycetes of Ukrainian Polessie Ukrayins'kyi Botanichnyi Zhurnal 49 7986.Google Scholar
Vetter, J (1994) Phosphorus content of edible wild mushrooms of Hungary Acta Alimentaria 233 (3) 331336Google Scholar
Vetter, J (1999) Vanadium content of some common edible, wild mushroom species Acta Alimentaria 28 3948.Google Scholar
Vetter, J (2003a) Chemical composition of fresh and conserved Agaricus bisporus mushroom European Food Research and Technology 217 1012.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vetter, J (2003b) Data on sodium content of common edible mushrooms Food Chemistry 81 589593.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vetter, J (2005) Lithium content of some common edible wild-growing mushrooms Food Chemistry 90 3137.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Vetter, J Berta, E (1997) Mercury content of some wild edible mushrooms Zeitschrift für Lebensmittel-Untersuchung und -Forschung 205A 316320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Wasson, RG (1968) Soma: Divine Mushroom of Immortality. The Hague, The Netherlands: Mouton.Google Scholar
Wasson, VP & Wasson, RG (1957) Mushrooms, Russia and History, vol. 1–2. New York: Pantheon Books.Google Scholar
Wilson, K, Cammack, D & Shumba, F (1989) Food Provisioning Amongst Mozambican Refugees in Malawi. A Study of Aid, Livelihood and Development. A Report Prepared for the World Food Programme. Oxford: Oxford University, Refugee Studies Programme.Google Scholar
Wong, JLG, Thornber, K & Baker, N (2001) Resource Assessment of Non-wood Forest Products. Experience and Biometric Principles. Non-wood Forest Products Series no.13. Rome: FAO.Google Scholar
Yildiz, A Yesil ÖF Yavuz Ö Karakaplan, M (2005) Organic elements and protein in some macrofungi of south east Anatolia in Turkey Food Chemistry 89 605609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Yorou, SN De Kesel, A (2001) Indigenous ethnomycological knowledge of the Nagot people from the centre of Benin (West Africa) Systematics and Geography of Plants 71 627637.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Zimmermannova, K Svoboda, L Kalac, P (2001) Mercury, Cd, Pb, and Cu contents in fruiting bodies of selected edible mushrooms in contaminated Middle Spis region, Slovakia Ekologia (Bratislava) 20 440446.Google Scholar
Zrodowski, Z (1995) The influence of washing and peeling of mushrooms (Agaricus bisporus) on the level of heavy metal contamination Polish Journal of Food and Nutrition Sciences 4 2633.Google Scholar

Full text views

Full text views reflects PDF downloads, PDFs sent to Google Drive, Dropbox and Kindle and HTML full text views.

Total number of HTML views: 4
Total number of PDF views: 380 *
View data table for this chart

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between September 2016 - 27th February 2021. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Access

Send article to Kindle

To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

Wild-gathered fungi for health and rural livelihoods
Available formats
×

Send article to Dropbox

To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

Wild-gathered fungi for health and rural livelihoods
Available formats
×

Send article to Google Drive

To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

Wild-gathered fungi for health and rural livelihoods
Available formats
×
×

Reply to: Submit a response


Your details


Conflicting interests

Do you have any conflicting interests? *