Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Dietary fibre intake and clinical indices in the French Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) adult cohort

  • Denis Lairon (a1), Sandrine Bertrais (a2), Stephanie Vincent (a1), Nathalie Arnault (a2), Pilar Galan (a2), Marie-Christine Boutron (a2) and Serge Hercberg (a2)...

Abstract

The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between dietary fibre intake and some clinical indices, blood biochemical variables and the incidence of cardiovascular disease and cancers in France, taking advantage of an ongoing cohort, the Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) intervention study. This preliminary report provides data on dietary fibre intake in this French adult population group of 4080 subjects (2168 men and 1912 women) aged 45–65 years at inclusion. The data obtained for fibre intake indicate that most men and women have low to moderate intakes of total dietary fibre (mean 21·0 and 17·1 g/d respectively), with only 21% of the men and 7% of the women having total dietary fibre intakes at the recommended level (i.e. >25 g/d) and soluble fibre accounting for 19% of the total dietary fibre intake for both genders. The main food sources of dietary fibre are cereals (30–35% total), vegetables (20–24% total) and fruit (19–22% total). No marked regional differences were observed within France. The highest dietary fibre intakes have been found to be associated with a lower BMI, blood systolic pressure, plasma triacylglycerols and plasma glucose in men and lower BMI in women. Overall, these data support the concept of a beneficial effect of a high dietary fibre intake on cardiovascular disease risk.

    • Send article to Kindle

      To send this article to your Kindle, first ensure no-reply@cambridge.org is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part of your Kindle email address below. Find out more about sending to your Kindle. Find out more about sending to your Kindle.

      Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations. ‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi. ‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.

      Find out more about the Kindle Personal Document Service.

      Dietary fibre intake and clinical indices in the French Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) adult cohort
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Dropbox

      To send this article to your Dropbox account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Dropbox.

      Dietary fibre intake and clinical indices in the French Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) adult cohort
      Available formats
      ×

      Send article to Google Drive

      To send this article to your Google Drive account, please select one or more formats and confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies. If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your <service> account. Find out more about sending content to Google Drive.

      Dietary fibre intake and clinical indices in the French Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) adult cohort
      Available formats
      ×

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Dr Denis Lairon, fax +33 4 91 75 15 62, lairon@marseille.inserm.fr

References

Hide All
ANC (2001) Apports Nutritionnels Conseillés pour la Population Française (Recommended Nutrient Intakes for the French Population) 3rd ed. – [Martin, A, editor]. Paris: Editions Tec et doc.
Anderson, JW, Hanna, TJ, Peng, X, Kryscio, RJ (2000) Whole grain foods and heart disease risk. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 19, 291S – 299S.
Brown, L, Rosner, B, Willett, WW, Sacks, FM (1999) Cholesterollowering effects of dietary fiber: a meta-analysis. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 69, 3042.
Burkitt, DP, Trowell, HS (1975) Refined Carbohydrate Foods and Disease: Some Implications of Dietary Fibre London: Academic Press.
Fernandez, ML (2001) Soluble fiber and nondigestible carbohydrate effects on plasma lipids and cardiovascular risk. Current Opinion in Lipidology 12, 3540.
Hercberg, S, Préziosi, P, Briançon, S, Galan, P, Triol, I, Malvy, D, Roussel, A-M, Favier, A (1998) A primary prevention trial using nutritional doses of antioxidant vitamins and minerals in cardiovascular diseases and cancers in the general population: the SU.VI.MAX study-design, methods, and participant characteristics. Controlled Clinical Trials 19, 339351.
Jacobs, DR, Meyer, KA, Kushi, LH, Folsom, AR (1998) Wholegrain intake may reduce the risk of ischemic heart disease death in postmenopausal women: the Iowa Women's Health Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 68, 248257.
Jenkins, DJA, Spadafora, PJ, Jenkins, AL, Rainey-Macdonald, CG (1993) Fiber in treatment of hyperlipidemia Handbook of Dietary Fiber in Human Nutrition 419 – 433 Spiller GA Boca Raton, FL CRC Press.
Kromhout, D, Bosschieter, EB, De Lezenne, Coulander C (1982) Dietary fibre and 10-year mortality from coronary heart disease, cancer and all causes. Lancet ii, 518522.
Lairon, D (1996) Dietary fibers: effects on lipid metabolism and mechanisms of action. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 50, 125133.
Lairon, D, Barry, JL (1993) Dietary fibre intake in France Dietary Fiber Intake in Europe, pp. 49 – 52 [Cummings, JH, editor]. Brussels: COST 92 Action Printing Office.
Liu, S, Buring, JE, Sesso, HD, Rimm, EB, Willett, WC, Manson, JE (2002) A prospective study of dietary intake and risk of cardiovascular disease among women. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 39, 4956.
Liu, S, Stampfer, MJ, Hu, FB, Giovannucci, E, Rimm, E, Manson, JE, Hennekens, CH, Willett, WC (1999) Whole-grain consumption and risk of coronary heart disease: results from the Nurses' Health Study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 70, 412419.
Ludwig, DS, Pereira, MA, Kroenke, CH, Hilner, JE, Van Horn, L, Slattery, ML, Jacobs, DR (1999) Dietary fiber, weight gain, and cardiovascular disease risk factors in young adults. Journal of the American Medical Association 282, 15391546.
Pietinen, P, Rimm, EB, Korhonen, P, Hartman, AM, Willett, WC, Albanes, D, Virtamo, J (1996) Intake of dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease in a cohort of Finnish men. Circulation 94, 27202727.
Prosky, L, Asp, NG, Schweitzer, TF, DeVries, JW, Furda, I (1988) Determination of insoluble, soluble and total dietary fiber in foods and food products: interlaboratory study. Journal of the Association of Official Analytical Chemists 71, 10171023.
Rimm, EB, Ascherio, A, Giovannucci, E, Spiegelman, D, Stampfer, MJ, Willett, WC (1996) Vegetable, fruit, and cereal fiber intake and risk of coronary heart disease among men. Journal of the American Medical Association 275, 447451.
Southgate DAT (1969) Determination of carbohydrates in foods. II Unavailable carbohydrate. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture 20, 331335.
Wolk, A, Manson, JE, Stampfer, MJ, Colditz, GA, Hu, FB, Speizer, FE, Hennekens, CH, Willett, WC (1999) Long-term intake of dietary fiber and decreased risk of coronary heart disease among women. Journal of the American Medical Association 281, 19982004.

Keywords

Dietary fibre intake and clinical indices in the French Supplementation en Vitamines et Minéraux AntioXydants (SU.VI.MAX) adult cohort

  • Denis Lairon (a1), Sandrine Bertrais (a2), Stephanie Vincent (a1), Nathalie Arnault (a2), Pilar Galan (a2), Marie-Christine Boutron (a2) and Serge Hercberg (a2)...

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed