Abu Assar, AH, Uptmoor, R, Abdelmula, AA, Salih, M, Ordon, F and Friedt, W (2005) Genetic variation in sorghum germplasm from Sudan ICRISAT and USA assessed by simple sequence repeats (SSRs). Crop Science 45: 1636–1644.
Aldrich, PR and Doebley, J (1992) Restriction fragment variation in the nuclear and chloroplast genomes of cultivated and wild Sorghum bicolor. Theor. Appl. Genet. 85: 293–302.
Almekinders, CJM, Louwaars, NP and de Bruin, GH (1994) Local seed systems and their importance for an modern seed supply in developing countries. Euphytica 78: 207–216.
Alvarez, N, Garine, E, Khasah, C, Dounias, E, Hossaert-McKey, M and McKey, D (2005) Farmers' practices, metapopulation dynamics, and conservation of agricultural biodiversity on-farm: a case study of sorghum among the Duupa in sub-Sahelian Cameroon. Biological Conservation 121: 533–543.
Ayana, A, Bryngelsson, T and Bekele, E (2000) Genetic variation of Ethiopian and Eritrean sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) germplasm assessed by random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD). Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 47: 471–482.
Ayoub, AT (1999) Land degradation, rainfall variability and food production in the Sahelian zone of the Sudan. Land Degradation and Development 10: 489–500.
Barnaud, A, Deu, M, Garine, E, McKey, D and Joly, HI (2007) Local genetic diversity of sorghum in a village in northern Cameroon: structure and dynamics of landraces. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 114: 237–248.
Barnaud, A, Trigueros, G, McKey, D and Joly, HI (2008) High outcrossing rates in fields with mixed sorghum landraces: how are landraces maintained? Heredity 101: 445–452.
Barnaud, A, Deu, M, Garine, E, Chantereau, J, Bolteu, J, Koïda, EO, McKey, D and Joly, HI (2009) A weed–crop complex in sorghum: the dynamics of genetic diversity in a traditional farming system. American Journal of Botany 96: 1869–1879.
Bellon, MR and Brush, SB (1994) Keepers of maize in Chiapas, Mexico. Economic Botany 48: 196–209.
Bhattramakki, D, Dong, J, Chhabra, AK and Hart, GE (2000) An integrated SSR and RFLP linkage map of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Genome 43: 988–1002.
Bohonak, AJ (2002) IBD (isolation by distance): a program for analyses of isolation by distance. Journal of Heredity 93: 153–154.
Botstein, D, White, RL, Skolnick, M and Davis, RW (1980) Construction of a genetic linkage map in man using restriction fragment length polymorphisms. American Journal of Human Genetics 32: 314–331.
Brown, SM, Hopkins, MS, Mitchell, SE, Senior, ML, Wang, TY, Duncan, RR, Gonzalez Candelas, F and Kresovich, S (1996) Multiple methods for the identification of polymorphic simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench). Theoretical and Applied Genetics 93: 190–198.
Deu, M, Sagnard, F, Chantereau, J, Calatayud, C, Hérault, D, Mariac, C, Pham, J-L, Vigouroux, Y, Kapran, I, Traore, PS, Mamadou, A, Gerard, B, Ndjeunga, J and Bezançon, G (2008) Niger-wide assessment of in situ sorghum genetic diversity with microsatellite markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 116: 903–913.
Djè, Y, Forcioli, D, Ater, M, Lefèbre, C and Vekemans, X (1999) Assessing population genetic structure of sorghum landraces from North-Western Morocco using allozyme and microsatellite markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 99: 157–163.
Doggett, H (1988) Sorghum. 2nd edn. Essex: Longman.
Ellstrand, NC (2001) When transgenes wander, should we worry? Plant Physiology 125: 1543–1545.
Ellstrand, NC (2003) . Baltimore, MD/London: Johns Hopkins University Press, p. 244.
Ellstrand, NC, Prentice, HC and Hancock, JF (1999) Gene flow and introgression from domesticated plants into their wild relatives. Annual Review of Ecology and Systematic 30: 539–563.
Evanno, G, Regnaut, S and Goudet, J (2005) Detecting the number of clusters of individuals using the software STRUCTURE: a simulation study. Molecular Ecology 14: 2611–2620.
Excoffier, L, Laval, G and Schneider, S (2005) Arlequin ver. 30: an integrated software package for population genetics data analysis. Evolutionary Bioinformatics Online 1: 47–50.
Folkertsma, RT, Rattunde, HFW, Chandra, S, Raju, GS and Hash, CT (2005b) The pattern of genetic diversity of Guinea-race Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench landraces as revealed with SSR markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 111: 399–409.
Gepts, P and Papa, R (2003) Possible effects of (trans)gene flow from crops on the genetic diversity from landraces and wild relatives. Env Biosafety Res 2: 89–103.
Ghebru, B, Schmidt, RJ and Bennetzen, JL (2002) Genetic diversity of Eritrean sorghum landraces assessed with simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105: 229–236.
Goudet, J (1995) Fstat version 1.2: a computer program to calculate F-statistics. Journal of Heredity 86: 485–486.
Kaeuffer, R, Réale, D, Coltman, DW and Pontier, D (2007) Detecting population structure using STRUCTURE software: effect of background linkage disequilibrium. Heredity 99: 374–380.
Kim, J-S, Klein, PE, Klein, RR, Price, HJ, Mullet, JE and Stelly, DM (2005) Chromosome identification and nomenclature of Sorghum bicolor. Genetics 169: 955–965.
Lowe, A, Harris, S and Ashton, P (2004) Ecological genetics: design, analysis and application. 1st edn. Oxford: Blackwell Publishing, p. 60.
Lu, B-R and Yang, C (2009) Gene flow from genetically modified rice to its wild relatives: assessing potential ecological consequences. Biotechnology Advances 27: 1083–1091.
Mace, ES, Buhariwalla, HK and Crouch, JHA (2003) A high throughput DNA extraction protocol for molecular breeding programs. Plant Molecular Biology Report 21: 459–460.
Menz, MA, Klein, RR, Mullet, JE, Obert, JA, Unruh, NC and Klein, PEA (2002) A high-density genetic map of Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench based on 2926 AFLP (R), RFLP and SSR markers. Plant Molecular Biology 48: 483–499.
Morrell, PL, Williams-Coplin, TD, Lattu, AL, Bowers, JE, Chandler, JM and Patterson, AH (2005) Crop-to-weed introgression has impacted allelic composition of johnsongrass populations with and without recent exposure to cultivated sorghum. Molecular Ecology 14: 2143–2154.
Ngugi, HK, King, SB, Abayo, GO and Reddy, YVR (2002) Prevalence, incidence, and severity of sorghum diseases in western Kenya. Plant Disease 86: 65–70.
Parzies, HK, Spoor, W and Ennos, RA (2004) Inferring seed exchange between farmers from population genetic structure of barley landrace Arabi Aswad from Northern Syria. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 51: 471–478.
Perrier, X, Flori, A and Bonnot, F (2003) . In: Hamon, P, Seguin, M, Perrier, X and Glaszmann, JC (eds) Genetic Diversity of Cultivated Tropical Plants. Montpellier: Enfield Science Publishers, pp. 43–76.
Pressoir, G and Berthaud, J (2004) Population structure and a strong divergent selection shape phenotypic diversification in maize landraces. Heredity 92: 95–101.
Pritchard, JK, Stephens, M and Donnelly, P (2000) Inference of population structure using multilocus genotype data. Genetics 155: 45–59.
Rabbi, IY, Parzies, HK, Kiambi, D, Haussmann, BIG, Folkertsma, R and Geiger, HH (2010) .
Schloss, SJ, Mitchell, SE, White, GM, Kukatla, R, Bowers, JE, Paterson, AH and Kresovich, S (2002) Characterization of RFLP probe sequences for gene discovery and SSR development in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 105: 912–920.
Smith, JSC, Kresovich, S, Hopkins, MS, Mitchell, SE, Dean, RE, Woodman, WL, Lee, M and Porter, K (2000) Genetic diversity among elite sorghum inbred lines assessed with simple sequence repeats. Crop Science 40: 226–232.
Snow, AA (2003) Genetic engineering: unnatural selection. Nature 424: 619.
Taramino, G, Tarchini, R, Ferrario, S, Lee, M and Pe, ME (1997) Characterization and mapping of simple sequence repeats (SSRs) in Sorghum bicolor. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 95: 66–72.
Teshome, A, Baum, BR, Fahrig, L, Torrance, JK, Arnason, TJ and Lambert, JD (1997) Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] landrace variation and classification in North Shewa and South Welo, Ethiopia. Euphytica 97: 255–263.
Uptmoor, R, Wenzel, W, Friedt, W, Donaldson, G and Ayisi, K (2003) Comparative analysis on the genetic relatedness of Sorghum bicolor accessions from Southern Africa by RAPDs AFLPs and SSRs. Theoretical and Applied Genetics 106: 1316–1325.
vom Brocke, K, Christinck, A, Welteien, R, Presterl, T and Geiger, HH (2003) Farmers' seed systems and management practices determine pearl millet genetic diversity patterns in semi-arid regions of India. Crop Science 43: 1680–1689.
Warwick, SI, Beckie, HJ and Hall, MLM (2009) Gene flow, invasiveness, and ecological impact of genetically modified crops. Annals of New York Academy of Sciences 1168: 72–99.
Weir, BS (1996) Genetic Data Analysis II: Methods for Discrete Population Genetic Data. Sunderland, MA: Sinauer Associates.
Zeven, AC (1998) Landraces: a review of definitions and classifications. Euphytica 104: 127–139.