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Molecular basis of cytoplasmic male sterility in beets: an overview

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  31 May 2011

Tetsuo Mikami
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
Masayuki P. Yamamoto
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
Hiroaki Matsuhira
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
Kazuyoshi Kitazaki
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
Tomohiko Kubo
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Genetic Engineering, Faculty of Agriculture, Hokkaido University, Sapporo 060-8589, Japan
Corresponding

Abstract

Sugarbeet cultivars are almost exclusively hybrids, which are produced using the sole source of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS), the so-called Owen CMS. Several alternative sources of CMS have been described. One of these, I-12CMS(3), was derived from wild beets collected in Pakistan, and another CMS source, GCMS, has a cytoplasmic origin in wild sea beets from France. During the past decade, male sterility-associated mitochondrial genes have been identified in these three CMS systems. Moreover, the recent development of a variety of DNA markers has permitted the genetic mapping of nuclear restorer-of-fertility genes for both Owen and GCMS. This review focuses on the mechanism of CMS in beets.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © NIAB 2011

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References

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