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Effects of irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer application on growth, yield and quality of different rice varieties in arid areas of Xinjiang

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  11 April 2023

Abliz Buhailiqem
Affiliation:
Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091, China
Chunquan Zhu
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, Zhejiang China
Jie Yuan
Affiliation:
Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091, China
Yanhong Zhang
Affiliation:
Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091, China
Zhiqiang Zhao
Affiliation:
Institute of Nuclear Technology and Biotechnology, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091, China
Xiaorong Wen
Affiliation:
Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wensu, 843100, China
Shimei Wang
Affiliation:
Anhui Academy of Agricultural Sciences Rice Institute, 230031, Hefei, Anhui, China
Mingtai Kang
Affiliation:
Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wensu, 843100, China
Fusen Tang
Affiliation:
Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wensu, 843100, China
Fengbin Wang*
Affiliation:
Rice Experiment Station in Wensu, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Wensu, 843100, China Institute of Grain Crops, Xinjiang Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Urumqi, 830091, China
Junhua Zhang*
Affiliation:
State Key Laboratory of Rice Biology, China National Rice Research Institute, Hangzhou 310006, Zhejiang China
*
Authors for correspondence: Fengbin Wang, E-mail: xjnkywfb@163.com; Junhua Zhang, E-mail: zhangjunhua@caas.cn
Authors for correspondence: Fengbin Wang, E-mail: xjnkywfb@163.com; Junhua Zhang, E-mail: zhangjunhua@caas.cn

Abstract

Nitrogen fertilizer and water are two major nutrients required for the optimal production of rice worldwide. The utilization of different irrigation techniques to save water and fertigation to maximize rice production has been the main focus. A field experiment was conducted to explore the responses of 16 rice varieties to different irrigation and nitrogen fertilizer regimes. Two nitrogen treatments, 270 kg ha−1 and 225 kg ha−1 (urea N ≥ 46.4%), and two irrigation regimes, 8.7 t ha−1 and 5.22 t ha−1, were applied three times. Plant height and the soil and plant analyser development (SPAD) values were measured throughout the growth period. The total yield and quality characteristics of the rice varieties were also determined. Based on the yield, the 16 rice varieties were divided into three groups: high yield (I), middle yield (II) and low yield (III) using cluster analysis. A positive correlation was found between the growth period and yield of these 16 rice varieties. In the water-deficient regime, the growth period of the 16 varieties was reduced by 1.68–2.93%. Furthermore, nitrogen- and water-deficient regimes had significant effects on the polishing rate, protein content and taste values of all varieties. At maturity stage under these regimes, plant height and chlorophyll SPAD values were decreased by 1.25–6.05% and 1.60–31.48%, respectively. Deficient nitrogen fertilization, along with appropriate irrigation, is an effective method for the efficient utilization of irrigation and fertilizer resources in rice-growing areas.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © The Author(s), 2023. Published by Cambridge University Press on behalf of NIAB

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