Ackerman, Bruce A. 1991. We the People. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Alexander, Larry. 2006. What is the problem with judicial review? Australian Journal of Legal Philosophy 31 (1): 1–13.
Applbaum, Arthur Isak. 1999. Ethics for Adversaries: The Morality of Roles in Public and Professional Life. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Aspin, Larry. 1999. Trends in judicial retention elections, 1964–1998. Judicature 83 (2): 79–81.
Aspin, Larry T., and Hall, William K.. 1987. The friends and neighbors effect in judicial retention elections. Western Political Quarterly 40 (4): 703–15.
Averill, Lawrence H. Jr. 1995. Observations on the Wyoming experience with merit selection of judges: A model for Arkansas. University of Arkansas at Little Rock Law Journal 17 (1): 281.
Bartels, Larry. 1996. Uninformed votes: Information effects in presidential elections. American Journal of Political Science 40 (1): 194–230.
Baum, Lawrence. 1987. Information and party voting in “semipartisan” judicial elections. Political Behavior 9 (1): 62–74.
Baum, Lawrence. 2003. Judicial elections and judicial independence: The voter's perspective. Ohio State Law Journal 64 (1): 13–41.
Beechen, Paul D. 1974. Can judicial elections express the people's choice?” Judicature 57 (1): 242.
Beitz, Charles. 2002. A theory of political fairness. In Democracy, ed. Estlund, David. Oxford: Blackwell Publishers.
Bentley, Arthur F. 1908. The Process of Government: A Study of Social Pressures. Chicago: Chicago University Press.
Berelson, Bernard, Lazarsfeld, Paul, and McPhee, William. 1954. Voting: A Study of Opinion Formation in a Presidential Campaign. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bessette, Joseph M. 1994. The Mild Voice of Reason: Deliberative Democracy and American National Government. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Bonneau, Chris W., and Hall, Melinda Gann. 2009. In Defense of Judicial Elections. New York: Routledge.
Brandwein, Pamela. 2010. The Supreme Court, State Action, and Civil Rights: Rethinking the Judicial Settlement of Reconstruction. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Brettschneider, Corey. 2007. Democratic Rights: The Substance of Self-Government. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bright, Stephen B., and Keenan, Patrick J.. 1995. Judges and the politics of death: Deciding between the Bill of Rights and the next election in capital cases. B.U.L. Review 75: 760.
Brown, Beriah. 1847.
Budge, Ian. 2000. Deliberative democracy versus direct democracy—plus political parties! In Democratic Innovation, ed. Saward, Michael. London: Routledge.
Burton, Stephen J. 1992. Judging in Good Faith. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Campbell, Angus, Converse, Philip E., Miller, Warren E., and Stokes, Donald E.. 1960. The American Voter. New York: John Wiley & Sons Inc.
Carter, Stephen. 1994. The Confirmation Mess: Cleaning Up the Federal Appointments Process. New York: BasicBooks.
Christiano, Thomas. 1996. The Rule of the Many. Boulder, CO: Westview Press.
Cohen, Josua. 1996. Procedure and substance in deliberative democracy. In Democracy and Difference: Changing Boundaries of the Political, ed. Benhabib, Seyla. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Conover, Pamela Johnston, and Feldman, Stanley. 1989. Candidate perception in an ambiguous world: Campaigns, cues, and inference processes. American Journal of Political Science 33: 912–40.
Converse, Philip. 1964. The nature of belief systems in mass publics. In Ideology and Discontent, ed. Apter, David E.. New York: Free Press.
Converse, Philip. 1970. Attitudes and non-attitudes: Continuation of a dialogue. In The Quantitative Analysis of Social Problems, ed. Tufte, Edward R.. Reading, Mass: Addison-Wesley.
Croley, Steven P. 1995. The majoritarian difficulty: Elective judiciaries and the rule of law. University of Chicago Law Review 62 (2): 689.
Dahl, Robert. 1989. Democracy and Its Critics. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Dahl, Robert. 1957. Decision making in a democracy: The Supreme Court as a national policy-maker. Journal of Public Law 6 (1): 279–295.
De Muniz, Paul J. 2004. Eroding the public's confidence in judicial impartiality: First Amendment federal jurisprudence and special interest financing of judicial campaigns.” Albany Law Review 67: 763.
Dimino, Michael R. 2004. The futile quest for a system of judicial “merit” selection. Albany Law Review 67: 803.
Dovi, Suzanne. 2007. The Good Representative. Madden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Downs, Anthony. 1957. An Economic Theory of Democracy. New York: Harper.
Dubois, Philip L. 1979a. Voter turnout in state judicial elections: An analysis of the tail on the electoral kite. Journal of Politics 41: 865–87.
Dubois, Philip L. 1979b. The significance of voting cues in state Supreme Court elections. Law and Society Review 13: 757–79.
Dubois, Philip L. 1980. From Ballot to Bench: Judicial Elections and the Quest for Accountability. Austin: University of Texas Press.
Dunn, Patrick Winston. 2004. Judicial selection and the states: A critical study with proposals for reform. Hofstra Law Review 4: 285–304.
Dworkin, Ronald. 1978. Taking Rights Seriously. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.
Dworkin, Ronald. 1999. Freedom's Law: The Moral Reading of the American Constitution. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Elster, Jon. 1998. Deliberation and constitution making. In Deliberative Democracy, ed. Elster, Jon. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Epstein, Lee, Martin, Andrew D., Segal, Jeffrey A., and Westerland, Chad. 2007. The judicial common space. Journal of Law, Economics, & Organization 23: 303–25
Estlund, David. 2008. Democratic Authority: A Philosophical Framework. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Franklin, Charles H. 2002. Behavioral factors affecting judicial independence. In Judicial Independence at the Crossroads: An Interdisciplinary Approach, ed. Burbank, Stephen B. and Friedman, Barry. Thousand Oaks, CA: SAGE Publications.
Geyh, Charles Gardner. 2003. Why judicial elections stink. Ohio State Law Journal 64: 43.
Gibson, James L. 2008. Challenges to the impartiality of state Supreme Courts: Legitimacy theory and “new-style” judicial campaigns. American Political Science Review 102 (1): 59–75.
Gillman, Howard. 1993. The Constitution Besieged. Durham: Duke University Press.
Gillman, Howard. 2001. The Votes that Counted: How the Court Decided the 2000 Presidential Election. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Graber, Mark A. 1991. Transforming Free Speech: The Ambiguous Legacy of Civil Libertarianism. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Graglia, Lino A. 2004. Restrictions on judicial election campaign speech: Silencing criticism of liberal activism. Social Philosophy and Policy 21: 148–76.
Griffin, Kenyon N., and Horan, Michael J.. 1979. Merit retention election: What influences the voters? Judicature 63 (1): 78–88.
Gutmann, Amy, and Thompson, Dennis. 1996. Democracy and Disagreement. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Hall, Kermit. 1984. Progressive reform and the decline of democratic accountability: The popular election of state Supreme Court judges, 1850–1920. American Bar Foundation Research Journal 9: 345–69.
Hall, Melinda Gann. 2001. State Supreme Courts in American democracy: Probing the myths of judicial reform. American Political Science Review 95 (2): 315–330.
Hardin, Russell. 1993. “Public choice versus democracy. In The Idea of Democracy, ed. Copp, David, Hampton, Jean, and Roemer, John. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hinckley, Barbara, Hofstetter, Richard, and Kessel, John. 1974. Information and the vote: A comparative election study. American Politics Quarterly 2: 131–58.
Ifill, Sherrilyn A. 2004–2005. Through the lens of diversity: The fight for judicial elections after Republican Party of Minnesota v. White. Michigan Journal of Race & Law 10: 55.
Johnson, Charles A., Shaefer, Roger C., and McKnight, R. Neal. 1955. How much do voters know or care about judicial candidates? Judicature 38: 141.
Johnson, Charles A., Shaefer, Roger C., and McKnight, R. Neal. 1978. The salience of judicial candidates and elections. Social Science Quarterly 49: 371–78.
Johnson, Jim. 2006. Political parties and deliberative democracy? In Handbook of Party Politics, ed. Katz, Richard S. and Crotty, William. London: Sage Publications.
Keck, Thomas M. 2007. Party, policy, or duty: Why does the Supreme Court invalidate federal statutes? American Political Science Review 101 (2): 321–38.
Kelley, Donald E. 1971. Selection and tenure in Colorado. Judicature 55: 155.
Key, V.O. Jr. 1966. The Responsible Electorate: Rationality in Presidential Voting. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
Klots, Allen T. 1955. The selection of judges and the short ballot. Journal of the American Judicature Society 38: 134–43.
Kuklinski, James H., Quirk, Paul J., Jerit, Jennifer, and Rich, Robert F.. 2001. The political environment and citizen competence. American Journal of Political Science 45: 410–24
Lau, Richard R., and Redlawsk, David P.. 2001. Advantages and disadvantages of cognitive heuristics in political decision making. American Journal of Political Science 45: 951–71.
Lazersfeld, Paul, Berelson, Bernard, and Gaudet, Hazel. 1968. The People's Choice: How the Voter Makes Up His Mind in a Presidential Campaign. New York: Columbia University Press.
Lijphart, Arendt. 1997. Democracy's unresolved dilemma. American Political Science Review 91 (1): 1–14.
Lippmann, Walter. 1970. The Phantom Public. New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Co.
Lupia, Arthur. 1992. “Busy Voters, Agenda Control, and the Power of Information.” The American Political Science Review 86: 390–403.
Lupia, Arthur. 1994. Shortcuts versus encyclopedias: Information and voting behavior in California insurance reform elections. American Political Science Review 88 (1): 63–76.
Manin, Bernard. 1987. On legitimacy and democratic deliberation. Political Theory 15: 338–68.
Miller, Joanne M., and Krosnick, Jon A.. 1998. The impact of candidate name order on election outcomes. Public Opinion Quarterly 62 (3): 291–330.
Page, Benhamin I., and Shapiro, Robert Y.. 1992. The Rational Public: Fifty Years of Trends in Americans' Policy Preferences. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Peretti, Terri Jennings. 2001. In Defense of a Political Court. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Pitkin, Hanna Fenichel. 1967. The Concept of Representation. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Poole, Keith T., and Rosenthal, Howard. 1997. Congress: A Political-Economic History of Roll Call Voting. New York: Oxford University Press.
Popkin, Samuel L. 1991. The Reasoning Voter: Communication and Persuasion in Presidential Campaigns. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Pozen, David E. 2008. The irony of judicial elections. Columbia Law Review 108 (March): 101–63.
Rahn, Wendy M. 1993. The role of partisan stereotypes in information processing about political candidates. American Journal of Political Science 37 (May): 472–96.
Rawls, John. 1997. The idea of public reason revisited. University of Chicago Law Review 64 (3): 765–807.
Redlawsk, David P. 2001. Advantages and disadvantages of cognitive heuristics in political decision making. American Journal of Political Science 45 (4): 951–971.
Rosenblum, Nancy. 2005.
Rosenblum, Nancy. 2008. On the Side of the Angels: An Appreciation of Parties and Partisanship. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Ruckman, P.S. Jr. 1993. The Supreme Court, critical nominations, and the Senate confirmation process. Journal of Politics 55: 3.
Sabl, Andrew. 2002. Ruling Passions: Political Offices and Democratic Ethics. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Schattschneider, E.E. 1975. The Semi-Sovereign People: A Realist's View of Democracy in America. Fort Worth: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich College Publishers.
Schultz, David A. 2005. Judicial selection in Minnesota: Options after Republican Party v. White. Bench & Bar of Minnesota 62: 10.
Schumpeter, Joseph. 1950. Capitalism, Socialism, and Democracy 3d ed. New York: Harper.
Segal, Jeffrey Allan, and Spaeth, Harold. 1993. The Supreme Court and the Attitudinal Model. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Segal, Jeffrey Allan, and Spaeth, Harold. 2002. The Supreme Court and the Attitudinal Model Revisited. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Sheldon, Charles H., and Maule, Linda S.. 1997. Choosing Justice: The Recruitment of State and Federal Judges. Pullman, WA: WSU Press.
Sniderman, Paul M. 1993. The new look in public opinion research. In Political Science: The State of the Discipline II, ed. Finifter, Ada W.. Washington, DC: American Political Science Association.
Sniderman, Paul, Brody, Richard, and Tetlock, Phillip. 1991. Reasoning and Choice: Explorations in Political Psychology. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Solum, Lawrence B. 2005. Judicial selection: Ideology versus character. Cardozo Law Review 26: 659.
Spitz, Elaine. 1984. Majority Rule. Chatham, NJ: Chatham House.
Squire, Peverill. 2000. Uncontested seats in state legislative elections. Legislative Studies Quarterly 25 (1): 131–46.
Sunstein, Cass R. 2002. Does the Constitution enact the Republican Party platform? Beyond Bush v. Gore. In Bush v. Gore: The Question of Legitimacy, ed. Ackerman, Bruce. New Haven: Yale University Press.
Thompson, Dennis F. 1987. Political Ethics and Public Office. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Tulis, Jeffrey K. 2003. Deliberation between institutions. In Debating Deliberative Democracy, ed. Fishkin, James S. and Laslett, Peter. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.
Urbinati, Nadia. 2006. Representative Democracy: Principles and Genealogy. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Waldron, Jeremey. 1999. Law and Disagreement. Oxford: Oxford University Press.