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Philasterides dicentrarchi (Ciliophora: Scuticociliatida) expresses surface immobilization antigens that probably induce protective immune responses in turbot

  • R. IGLESIAS (a1), A. PARAMÁ (a1), M. F. ÁLVAREZ (a1), J. LEIRO (a1), F. M. UBEIRA (a1) and M. L. SANMARTÍN (a1)...

Abstract

Philasterides dicentrarchi is a histophagous ciliate causing systemic scuticociliatosis in cultured turbot. This study demonstrates that turbot which survive this disease have serum antibodies that recognize ciliary antigens of this ciliate in ELISA and immobilize/agglutinate the ciliate in vitro. Mouse sera raised against ciliary antigens and integral membrane proteins are likewise capable of immobilizing/agglutinating the ciliates, indicating that P. dicentrarchi, like other ciliates, expresses surface immobilization antigens. Furthermore, the antigen agglutinating reaction induces the parasite to shed its surface antigens rapidly, replacing them with others with different specific serology. This antigen shedding and variation response is similar to that detected in other protozoan parasites. Immunization of turbot with ciliate lysate plus adjuvant or with formalin-fixed ciliates induced synthesis of agglutinating antibodies and conferred a degree of protection against challenge infection, suggesting that the response to surface antigens may play an important role in defence against this pathogen, SDS–PAGE and immunoblotting studies indicated the existence of a predominant polypeptide of about 38 kDa in the ciliary antigen and membrane protein fractions, and this may be the principal surface antigen of P. dicentrarchi.

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Tel: +34 981 563100, Ext. 14893 and 16031. Fax: +34 981 547171. E-mail: mpduran@usc.es

Keywords

Philasterides dicentrarchi (Ciliophora: Scuticociliatida) expresses surface immobilization antigens that probably induce protective immune responses in turbot

  • R. IGLESIAS (a1), A. PARAMÁ (a1), M. F. ÁLVAREZ (a1), J. LEIRO (a1), F. M. UBEIRA (a1) and M. L. SANMARTÍN (a1)...

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