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Molecular detection of Sarcocystis lutrae in the European badger (Meles meles) in Scotland

  • T. LEPORE (a1), P. M. BARTLEY (a1), F. CHIANINI (a1), A. I. MACRAE (a2), E. A. INNES (a1) and F. KATZER (a1)...

Summary

Neck samples from 54 badgers and 32 tongue samples of the same badgers (Meles meles), collected in the Lothians and Borders regions of Scotland, were tested using polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) directed against the 18S ribosomal DNA and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS1) region of protozoan parasites of the family Sarcocystidae. Positive results were obtained from 36/54 (67%) neck and 24/32 (75%) tongue samples using an 18S rDNA PCR. A 468 base pair consensus sequence that was generated from the 18S rDNA PCR amplicons (KX229728) showed 100% identity to Sarcocystis lutrae. The ITS1 PCR results revealed that 12/20 (60%) neck and 10/20 (50%) tongue samples were positive for Sarcocystidae DNA. A 1074 bp consensus sequence was generated from the ITS1 PCR amplicons (KX431307) and showed 100% identity to S. lutrae. Multiple sequence alignments and phylogenetic analysis support the finding that the rDNA found in badgers is identical to that of S. lutrae. This parasite has not been previously reported in badgers or in the UK. Sarcocystis lutrae has previously only been detected in tongue, skeletal muscle and diaphragm samples of the Eurasian otter (Lutra lutra) in Norway and potentially in the Arctic fox (Vulpes lagopus).

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Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Moredun Research Institute, Pentlands Science Park, Bush Loan, Midlothian, EH26 0PZ, Scotland, UK. E-mail: Frank.Katzer@moredun.ac.uk

References

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Keywords

Molecular detection of Sarcocystis lutrae in the European badger (Meles meles) in Scotland

  • T. LEPORE (a1), P. M. BARTLEY (a1), F. CHIANINI (a1), A. I. MACRAE (a2), E. A. INNES (a1) and F. KATZER (a1)...

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