Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Mast cell distribution in nodules of Onchocerca volvulus from untreated patients with generalized onchocerciasis

  • G. WILDENBURG (a1), S. KORTEN (a1) and D. W. BÜTTNER (a1)

Abstract

Onchocercomata with a defined worm population were analysed to elucidate the distribution of mast cells. Nodules with live females were classified according to the presence or absence of microfilariae. Immunohistochemical staining was performed using antibodies specific for mast cells or IgE. Mast cells appeared singly or in diffuse accumulations perivascularly and in inflammatory infiltrates between adult Onchocerca volvulus and in the capsular area. No mast cells were detected in cystic parts. Only few, scattered mast cells were found in the fibrous zone around the adult worm. They were increased with stronger infiltration and hence, related to the inflammatory cells. Mast cells were never localized directly at adult worms or microfilariae. A correlation of the mast cell distribution to the occurrence of eosinophils was observed regarding higher numbers of mast cells and eosinophils in nodules with microfilariae-producing females. Nodules with single males revealed higher numbers of mast cells than nodules with non-producing females, although both contained very few eosinophils. Onchocercomata with dead worms contained significantly more mast cells than those with live filariae. In conclusion, the localization and frequency of mast cells is contingent on the vitality and productivity of the worms and therefore, indirectly and directly on the release of O. volvulus antigens.

Copyright

Corresponding author

Corresponding author. Tel: +40 31182 412. Fax: +40 31182 309. E-mail: helmi@bni.uni-hamburg.de
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Parasitology
  • ISSN: 0031-1820
  • EISSN: 1469-8161
  • URL: /core/journals/parasitology
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed