Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Is metal accumulation in Pomphorhynchus laevis dependent on parasite sex or infrapopulation size?

  • M. NACHEV (a1), S. ZIMMERMANN (a1), T. RIGAUD (a2) and B. SURES (a1)

Summary

Concentrations of the elements As, Cd, Co, Cu, Fe, Mn, Mo, Ni, Pb, Sn, V, Zn were analysed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) in the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis and its fish host Barbus barbus. A total of 27 barbels were collected from the Danube River in autumn 2006 close to the town Kozloduy (685 river kilometer) on the Bulgarian river bank. Fish were divided into 3 groups. According to their P. laevis infrapopulation size hosts were considered as heavily infected (>100 worms per fish) and lightly infected (<20 worms per fish). The third group was used to compare heavy metal concentrations between male and female P. laevis. The 5 elements As, Cd, Cu, Pb and Zn were detected in significantly higher concentrations in parasites compared to host tissues (muscle, intestine, liver). According to the calculated mean bioconcentration factors, 3 more elements (Co, Mn, V) showed usually higher concentrations in P. laevis. Comparisons between heavily and lightly infected fish revealed significant differences only for V with higher concentrations for the heavily infected group. Concerning sex-specific metal accumulation V and Zn showed significant differences (V, at P<0·05; Zn, at P=0·05), with higher levels of both metals in females of P. laevis. Our results suggest that – for the metals analysed – the size of the parasite infrapopulation plays no role in the degree of metal accumulation. Similarly, parasite sex seems not to be a crucial factor for metal accumulation in the parasites. Thus, for metal monitoring purposes there is no need to take these aspects into account, which makes the use of parasites as bioindicators more applicable.

Copyright

Corresponding author

*Corresponding author: Angewandte Zoologie/Hydrobiologie, Universität Duisburg-Essen, Universitätsstraße 5, D45141, Essen, Germany. Tel: +49(0)201/183 2617. Fax: +49(0)201/183 2179. E-mail: bernd.sures@uni-due.de

References

Hide All
Arndt, U., Nobel, W. and Schweizer, B. (1987). Bioindikatoren- Möglichkeiten, Grenzen und Neue Erkenntnisse. Verlag Stuttgart, Germany.
Beeby, A. (2001). What do sentinels stand for? Environmental Pollution 112, 285298.
Bush, A. O., Lafferty, K. D., Lotz, J. M. and Shostak, A. W. (1997). Parasitology meets ecology on its own terms: Margolis et al. revisited. Journal of Parasitology 83, 575583.
Crompton, W. T. and Nickol, B. B. (1985). Biology of Acanthocephala. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK.
Franceschi, N., Bauer, A., Bollache, L. and Rigaud, T. (2008). The effects of parasite age and intensity on variability in acanthocephalan-induced behavioural manipulation. International Journal for Parasitology 38, 11611170.
Gunkel, G. (1994). Bioindikation in Aquatischen Ökosystemen. Verlag Stuttgart, Germany.
Hofer, R. and Lackner, R. (1995). Fischtoxikologie – Theorie and Praxis. Fisher Verlag, Jena, Germany.
Kakacheva-Avramova, D. (1962). Natural Foci of Infections in the Petrich and Gotse Delchev Districts. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences. Sofia, Bulgaria.
Kakacheva-Avramova, D. (1977). Studies on helminths of fishes in the Bulgarian section of the Danube River. Helminthologia 3, 2045.
Kennedy, C. R. (1997). Freshwater fish parasites and environmental quality, an overview and caution. Parassitologia 39, 249254.
Laimgruber, S., Schludermann, C., Konecny, R. and Chovanec, A. (2005). Helminth communities of barbel Barbus barbus from large river systems in Austria. Journal of Helminthology 79, 143149.
Margaritov, N. (1959). Parasites of Some Freshwater Fishes. Publishing House NIRRP, Varna, Bulgaria.
Margaritov, N. (1966). Helminths of the digestive tract and the abdominal cavity of fishes of the Bulgarian section of Danube River. Bulletin de L'institut de Zoologie et Musée 20, 157173.
Merian, E. (2004). Effects of elements in the food chain on human helath. In Metals and their Compounds in the Environment. Occurrence, Analysis and Biological Relevance (ed. Merian, E., Anke, M., Ihnat, M. and Stoeppler, M.), pp. 259459. Wiley-VCH Verlag, Weinheim, Germany.
Moravec, F., Konecny, R., Baska, F., Rydlo, M., Scholz, T., Molnar, K. and Schiemer, F. (1997). Endohelminth Fauna of Barbel, Barbus barbus (L.), under Ecological Conditions of the Danube Basin in Central Europe. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Praha, Czech Republic.
Nachev, M. and Sures, B. (2009). The endohelminth fauna of barbel (Barbus barbus) correlates with water quality of the Danube River in Bulgaria. Parasitology 136, 545552.
Perrot-Minnot, M. J. (2004). Larval morphology, genetic divergence, and contrasting levels of host manipulation between forms of Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala). International Journal for Parasitology 34, 4554.
Reeders, H. H., bij de Vaate, A. and Noordhuis, R. (1993). Potential of zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha) for water quality management. In Zebra Mussels: Biology, Impacts and Control. (ed. Nalepa, T. F. and Schloesser, D. W.), pp. 439452. CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL, USA.
Rumpus, A. E. and Kennedy, C. R. (1974). The effect of the acanthocephalan Pomphorhynchus laevis upon the respiration of its host, Gammarus pulex. Parasitology 68, 271284.
Scheef, G., Sures, B. and Taraschewski, H. (2000). Cadmium accumulation in Moniliformis moniliformis (Acanthocephala) from experimentally infected rats. Parasitology Research 86, 688691.
Schludermann, C., Konecny, R., Laimgruber, S., Lewis, J. W., Schiemer, F., Chovanec, A. and Sures, B. (2003). Fish macroparasites as indicators of heavy metal pollution in river sites in Austria. Parasitology 126 (Suppl.) S61S69.
Sures, B. (2001). The use of fish parasites as bioindicators of heavy metals in aquatic ecosystems: a review. Aquatic Ecology 35, 245255.
Sures, B. (2003). Accumulation of heavy metals by intestinal helminths in fish: an overview and perspective. Parasitology 126 (Suppl.) S53S60.
Sures, B. (2004 a). Environmental parasitology: relevancy of parasites in monitoring environmental pollution. Trends in Parasitology 20, 170177.
Sures, B. (2004 b). Fish acanthocephalans of genus Pomphorhynchus sp. as globally applicable bioindicators for metal pollution in the aquatic environment? Wiener Klinische Wochenschrift 116, 1923.
Sures, B., Dezfuli, B. S., Krug, H. F. (2003). The intestinal parasite Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) interferes with the uptake and accumulation of lead (210Pb) in its fish host chub (Leuciscus cephalus). International Journal for Parasitology 33, 16171622.
Sures, B., Franken, M. and Taraschewski, H. (2000 a). Element concentrations in the archiacanthocephalan Macracanthorhynchus hirudinaceus compared with those in the porcine host from a slaughterhouse in La Paz, Bolivia. International Journal for Parasitology 30, 10711076.
Sures, B., Jürges, G. and Taraschewski, H. (2000 b). Accumulation and distribution of lead in the acanthocephalan Moniliformis moniliformis from experimentally by infected rats. Parasitology 121, 427433.
Sures, B. and Reimann, N. (2003). Analysis of trace metals in the Antarctic host-parasite system Notothenia coriiceps and Aspersentis megarhynchus (Acanthocephala) caught at King George Island, South Shetland Islands. Polar Biology 26, 680686.
Sures, B. and Siddall, R. (1999). Pomphorhynchus laevis: the intestinal acanthocephalan as a lead sink for its fish host, chub (Leuciscus cephalus). Experimental Parasitology 93, 6672.
Sures, B., Siddall, R. and Taraschewski, H. (1999 b). Parasites as accumulation indicators of heavy metal pollution. Parasitology Today 15, 1621.
Sures, B., Steiner, W., Rydlo, M. and Taraschewski, H. (1999 a). Concentrations of 17 elements in the zebra mussel (Dreissena polymorpha), in different tissues of perch (Perca fluviatilis), and in perch intestinal parasites (Acanthocephalus lucii) from the subalpin lake Mondsee (Austria). Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry 18, 25742579.
Sures, B., Taraschewski, H. and Jackwerth, E. (1994). Lead accumulation in Pomphorhynchus laevis and its host. Journal of Parasitology 80, 355357.
Sures, B., Taraschewski, H. and Rydlo, M. (1997). Intestinal fish parasites as heavy metal bioindicators: a comparison between Acanthocephalus lucii (Palaeacanthocephala) and the zebra mussel, Dreissena polymorpha. Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 59, 1421.
Thielen, F., Zimmermann, S., Baska, F., Taraschewski, H. and Sures, B. (2004). The intestinal parasite Pomphorhynchus laevis (Acanthocephala) from barbel as a bioindicator for metal pollution in the Danube River near Budapest, Hungary. Environmental Pollution 129, 421429.
TNMN (2009). Trans-National Monitoring Network Database available at http://danubis.icpdr.org/pls/danubis/DANUBIS_DB.DYN_NAVIGATOR.show Last update 22.07.2009 (accessed 16.09.2009).
Umweltbundesamt (1992). Daten zur Umwelt 1990/91.
Water Framework Directive-WFD (2000). Official Publication of the European Community. Brussels, Belgium.
Vidal-Martinez, V. M., Pech, D., Sures, B., Purucker, T. and Poulin, R. (2010). Can parasites really reveal environmental impact? Trends in Parasitology 26, 4451.
Zimmermann, S., Menzel, C., Berner, Z., Eckhardt, J. D., Stüben, D., Alt, F., Messerschmidt, J., Taraschewski, H. and Sures, B. (2001). Trace analysis of platinum in biological samples: a comparison between high resolution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (HR-ICP-MS) following microwave digestion and adsorptive cathodic stripping voltammetry (ACSV) after high pressure ashing. Analytica Chimica Acta 439, 203209.

Keywords

Is metal accumulation in Pomphorhynchus laevis dependent on parasite sex or infrapopulation size?

  • M. NACHEV (a1), S. ZIMMERMANN (a1), T. RIGAUD (a2) and B. SURES (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed