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The epidemiology of Schistosoma spindale Montgomery, 1906 in cattle in Sri Lanka

  • J. De Bont (a1), J. Vercruysse (a1), D. Van Aken (a1), V. R. Southgate (a2), D. Rollinson (a2) and C. Moncrieff (a2)...

Summary

During 1988 and 1989, the mesenteric veins of 901 cattle were examined for the presence of schistosomes at the Kandy slaughterhouse (Sri Lanka). The overall prevalence of infection was 31·2%. Animals younger than 2 years were less infected (21·3%) than those older than 5 years (47·9%). Based on the number of paired worms counted, three intensities of infection were recognized: low (1–20 pairs), moderate (21–100 pairs) and heavy (> 100 pairs). Intensities increased with the age of the animals but remained low (average 10 worm pairs). The worm burden increased by approximately 20% for each step in age group. The number of miracidia/100 g faeces was measured in 85 animals of all age groups and intensities of infection; 77% of the samples contained less than 100 miracidia. Miracidia counts decreased with age; moderately and heavily infected animals in each age group had the highest and the lowest counts, respectively. This may be due to a host immune response. The results raise questions on the sensitivity of faecal egg counts as a diagnostic method for visceral schistosomiasis in cattle.

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The epidemiology of Schistosoma spindale Montgomery, 1906 in cattle in Sri Lanka

  • J. De Bont (a1), J. Vercruysse (a1), D. Van Aken (a1), V. R. Southgate (a2), D. Rollinson (a2) and C. Moncrieff (a2)...

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