Skip to main content Accessibility help

A comparative study of the thoracic skeleton and musculature of the Pupipara and the Glossinidae (Diptera)*

  • Y. Schlein (a1)


The thoracic skeleton and musculature of the Pupipara were studied and compared with the thorax of Musca and Glossina in order to identify the sclerites of the thorax of the Nycteribiidae. Comparative studies of the thorax and other features suggest that the Pupipara do not belong to the higher Calypterata. This comparison also supports the view which separates the Streblidae and the Nycteribiidae from the Hippoboscidae, and supplies evidence for reconsideration of the position of these two families among the Calyptera.

Gratitude is expressed to Professor O. Theodor of the Hebrew University, who supplied most of the Pupipara examined, to Professor R. Wenzel of the Field Museum of Natural History, Chicago, for species of American Streblidae and to Dr I. Paperna for the species of Glossina.



Hide All
Bequaert, J. C. (1953). The Hippoboscidae or louse-flies (Diptera) of mammals and birds, Part I. Entomologica americana, new series 32, 1209.
Bequaert, J. C. (1954-1957), The Hippoboscidae or louse-flies (Diptera) of mammals and birds, Part II. Entomologica americana, new series 34–36, 1611.
Bonhag, P. F. (1949). The thoracic mechanism of the adult horsefly (Diptera Tabanidae). Memoirs Cornell University Agricultural Experimental Station 285.
Cooper, K. W. (1941). An investigation of the aberrant chromosome behavior in the male germ cells of flies parasitic on tropical bats and vultures (Diptera, section Pupipara). Yearbook, American Philosophical Society, pp. 122–7.
Hagan, H. R. (1951). Embryology of the Viviparous Insects. New York: Ronald Press Co.
Hennig, W. (1941). Die Verwandtschaftbeziehungen der Pupiparen und die Morphologie der Sternalregion des Thorax der Dipteren. Arbeiten über Morphologische und Taxonomische Entomologie aus Berlin Dahlem 8, 231–49.
Hennig, W. (1965). Vorarbeiten zu einem phylogenetischen System der Muscidae (Diptera: Cyclorrhapha) Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde aus dem Staatlichen Museum für Naturkunde in Stuttgart 141, 2100.
Jobling, B. (1951). A record of the Streblidae from the Philippines and other Pacific islands. Transactions of the Royal Entomological Society of London 102, 211–46.
Nussbaum, R. (1960). Der Thorax von Basilia nana (Diptera, Nycteribiidae). Zoologische Jahrbücher 78, 314–68.
Patton, W. S. (1932). Studies on the higher Diptera of medical and veterinary importance. Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 26, 347405.
Schlein, Y. (1967). Postmetamorphic growth in Lipoptena capreoli Rondani (Hippoboscidae) and other insects. Israel Journal of Zoology 16, 6982.
Snodgrass, R. E. (1935). Principles of Insect Morphology. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Speiser, P. (1908). Die geographische Verbreitung der Diptera Pupipara und ihre Phylogenie. Zeitschrift fur wissenschaftliche Insektenbiologie 4, 241246.
Theodor, O. (1959). A revision of the genus Cyclopodia (Nycteribiidae, Diptera). Parasitology 49, 242308.
Theodor, O. (1963). Über den Bau der Genitalien bei den Hippobosciden (Dipt.). Stuttgarter Beiträge zur Naturkunde 108, 115.
Theodor, O. (1964). On the relationship between the families of the Pupipara. Proceedings of the First International Congress for Parasitology 2, 9991000.
Wenzel, R. L., Tipton, V. J., Kiewlicz, A. (1966). The Streblid batflies of Panama. In Ectoparasites of Panama, Field Mus. of Nat. Hist. Chicago, pp. 405668.
Williston, S. W. (1908) Manual of North American Diptera. New Haven.

A comparative study of the thoracic skeleton and musculature of the Pupipara and the Glossinidae (Diptera)*

  • Y. Schlein (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.