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Characterization of eleven antigenic groups in Trichinella genus and identification of stage and species markers

  • P. BOIREAU (a1), M. VAYSSIER, J. F. FABIEN (a1), C. PERRET (a1), M. CALAMEL (a2) and C. SOULE (a1)...

Abstract

Several monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) were raised against the L1 muscle stage (L1M) of Trichinella spiralis (Ts) and Trichinella pseudospiralis (Tp). Western blot analysis of various antigenic preparations established that Mabs described by different authors recognized 8 antigenic fractions (TSL1–TSL8) in crude extracts of infective larvae. The TSL1 fraction was immunodominant and present on the cuticle of different parasite stages. Mabs against Trichinella T5 (T5) and Ts were selected in order to extend the previous studies to another Trichinella phenotype. Only 35% of the selected Mabs recognized linear epitopes and 71% reacted with soluble or excretory–secretory antigens in a dot blot procedure and ELISA test. The targets of the Mabs were identified by immunoprecipitation with [35S]methionine-labelled L1M worm lysate. Mabs prepared from mice immunized with the whole parasite (T5) recognized a wider panel of antigens in different parasitic organs. Seven antigenic structures were distinguished on the cuticle and several epitopes were identified in the gut, haemolymph and stichocytes. Eleven antigenic groups were established according to their indirect immunofluorescence pattern on cross-sections of the worm. Monoclonal antibodies raised against Ts soluble antigen mainly recognized epitopes in stichocytes and on the cuticle surface. All the selected Mabs recognized T5 and Trichinella britovi (Tb) strengthening the link between these 2 species. Four Mabs were used to differentiate antigenic structures among 6 Trichinella phenotypes and to develop a new tool to follow gene flow within the Trichinella genus.

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Corresponding author

Corresponding author: CNEVA–Alfort, LCRV, Unité de parasitologie, 22 rue P. Curie, 94700 Maisons-Alfort, France. Tel: +33 1 49 77 13 28. Fax: +33 1 43 68 97 62. E-mail: vaal11@calvacom.fr

Keywords

Characterization of eleven antigenic groups in Trichinella genus and identification of stage and species markers

  • P. BOIREAU (a1), M. VAYSSIER, J. F. FABIEN (a1), C. PERRET (a1), M. CALAMEL (a2) and C. SOULE (a1)...

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