Skip to main content Accessibility help

Babesia bigemina in Kenya: experimental transmission by Boophilus decoloratus and the production of tick-dervied stabilates

  • S. P. Morzaria (a1), A. S. Young (a1) and E. B. Hudson (a1)


A Babesia-free batch of laboratory reared Boophilus decoloratus ticks was infected with a Kenyan strain of Babesia bigemina by feeding them on a steer infected by inoculation of a blood stabilate. The engorged female ticks showed developing stages of B. bigemina in their haemolymph and subsequently their progeny transmitted the parasite to a susceptible splenectomized steer.

Attempts were made to produce stabilates from pre-fed larvae and nymphs derived from infected batches of B. decoloratus. Only the stabilates derived from the nymphs pre-fed either on cattle or rabbits produced B. bigemina infection when inoculated intravenously into susceptible cattle.



Hide All
Bailey, K. P. (1960). Notes on the rearing of Rhipicephalus appendiculatus and their infection with Theileria parva for experimental transmission. Bulletin of Epizootic Diseases of Africa 8, 3343.
Callow, L. L. (1976). Tick-borne livestock diseases and their vectors. 3. Australian methods of vaccination against anaplasmosis and babeseosis. World Animal Review 18, 9–15.
Callow, L. L. & Hoyte, H. M. D. (1961). Transmission experiments using Babesia bigemina, Theileria mutans, Borrelia sp. and the cattle tick Boophilus microplus. Australian Veterinary Journal 37, 381–90.
Cunningham, M. P., Brown, C. G. D., Burridge, M. J. & Purnell, R. E. (1973). Cryopreservation of the infective particles of Theileria parva. International Journal for Parasitology 3, 583–7.
Lumsden, W. H. R. (1972). Principles of viable preservation of parasitic protozoa. International Journal for Parasitolohy 2, 327–32.
Mahoney, D. F. & Mirrs, G. B. (1974). Babesia argentina: the infection of splenectomized calves with extracts of larval ticks (Boophilus microplus). Research in Veterinary Science 16, 112–14.
Morzaria, S. P., Brocklesby, D. W., Harradine, Denise & Luther, P. D. (1977). Babesia major in Britain: infectivity for cattle of cryopresserved parasites derived from Haemaphysalis punctata nymphs. Research in Veterinary Science 22, 190–3.
Potgleter, F. T. & Van Vuuren, A. S. (1974). Transmission of Babesia bovis using frozen infective material obtained from Boophilus microplus larvae. Onderstepoort Journal of Verterinary Research 41, 7980.
Purnell, R. E., Branagan, D. & Brown, C. G. D. (1970). Attempted transmission of some piroplasms by Rhipicepjalid ticks. Tropical Animal Health and Production 2, 146–50.
Radley, D. E., Brown, C. G. D., Cunningam, M. P., Kimber, C. D., Musisi, F. L., Payne, R. C., Purnell, R. E., Stagg, S. M. & Young, A. S. (1975). East coast fever. 3. Chemoprophylactic immunization of cattle using oxytetracycline and a combination of theilerial strains. Verterinary Parasitology 1, 5160.
Riek, R. F. (1964). The life cycle of Babesia bigemina (Smith & Kilborne 1983) in the tick vector Boophilus microplus (Canestrini). Australian Journal of Agricultural Research 15, 802–21.
Riek, R. F. (1966). The development of Babesia spp. and Theileria spp. in ticks with special references to those occurring in cattle. In Biology of Parasites (ed. Soulsby, E. J. L.), pp. 1532. London: Academic Press.
Ross, J. P. J. & Löhr, K. F. (1968). Serological diagnosis of Babesia bigemina infection in cattle by the indirect fluorescent antibody test. Research in Veterinary Science 9. 557–62.

Babesia bigemina in Kenya: experimental transmission by Boophilus decoloratus and the production of tick-dervied stabilates

  • S. P. Morzaria (a1), A. S. Young (a1) and E. B. Hudson (a1)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.