A cDNA clone codifying ribosomal protein L25 was isolated from a Leishmania braziliensis cDNA gene library. The alignment of the amino acid sequence deduced from this gene with other proteins revealed that this protein is related to the L23/25 ribosomal protein family. This is so because this protein shows, in its C-terminal end, the rRNA binding domains characteristic of these proteins and at the N-terminal end the NLS sequence necessary for its entry into the nucleus. Southern blot analysis showed 2 copies of gene L25 per genome arranged in tandem position and pointing in the same direction. Northern blot analysis showed that this gene is transcribed in 2 mRNAs when parasite promastigotes are in the logarithmic phase. In order to analyse the antigenic properties of L. braziliensis RPL25, it was purified as a recombinant protein and ELISA-tested against cutaneous, mucocutaneous and Chagasic sera. The results indicate that the recombinant RPL25 from L. braziliensis presents a non-specific reaction that disqualifies it for the diagnosis of cutaneous leishmaniasis. In contrast, some of the synthetic peptides derived from its sequence may serve as promising tools for the diagnosis of this disease.