Allison, P. A., and Briggs, D. E. G. 1993. Paleolatitudinal sampling bias, Phanerozoic species diversity, and the end-Permian extinction. Geology 21:65–68.
Alroy, J. 1996. Constant extinction, constrained diversification, and uncoordinated stasis in North American mammals. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology 127:285–311.
Alroy, J. 1998. Equilibrial diversity dynamic in North American mammals. Pp. 232–287in McKinney, M. L. and Drake, J. A., eds. Biodiversity dynamics: turnover of populations, taxa, and communities. Columbia University Press, New York.
Alroy, J. 2000. New methods for quantifying macroevolutionary patterns and processes. Paleobiology 26:707–733.
Alroy, J., Marshall, C. R., Bambach, R. K., Bezusko, K., Foote, M., Fürsich, F. T., Hansen, T. A., Holland, S. M., Ivany, L. C., Jablonski, D., Jacobs, D. K., Jones, D. C., Kosnik, M. A., Lidgard, S., Low, S., Miller, A. I., Novack-Gottshall, P. M., Olszewski, T. D., Patzkowsky, M. E., Raup, D. M., Roy, K., Sepkoski, J. J. Jr., Sommers, M. G., Wagner, P. J., and Webber, A. 2001. Effects of sampling standardization on estimates of Phanerozoic marine diversification. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 98:6261–6266.
Bambach, R. K. 1977. Species richness in marine benthic habitats through the Phanerozoic. Paleobiology 3:152–167.
Bambach, R. K. 1983. Ecospace utilization and guilds in marine communities through the Phanerozoic. Pp. 719–746in Tevesz, M. J. S. and McCall, P. M., eds. Biotic interactions in recent and fossil benthic communities. Plenum, New York.
Bambach, R. K. 1985. Classes and adaptive variety: the ecology of diversification in marine faunas through the Phanerozoic. Pp. 191–253in Valentine, J. W., ed. Phanerozoic diversity patterns: profiles in macroevolution. Princeton University Press, Princeton, NJ.
Bambach, R. K., and Gilinsky, N. L. 1988. Artifacts in the apparent timing of macroevolutionary “events.” Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs 20:A104.
Bennington, J. B., and Rutherford, S. D. 1999. Precision and reliability in paleocommunity comparisons based on cluster-confidence intervals: how to get more statistical bang for your sampling buck. Palaios 14:506–515.
Benton, M. J. 1995. Diversification and extinction in the history of life. Science 268:52–58.
Brown, J. H. 1995. Macroecology. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Bush, A. M., and Bambach, R. K.. Did alpha diversity increase during the Phanerozoic? Lifting the veils of taphonomic, latitudinal, and environmental biases in the study of paleocommunities. Journal of Geology.
Bush, A. M., Powell, M. G., Arnold, W. S., Bert, T. M., and Daley, G. M. 2002. Time-averaging, evolution, and morphologic variation. Paleobiology 28:9–25.
Cherns, L., and Wright, V. P. 2000. Missing molluscs as evidence of large-scale, early skeletal aragonite dissolution in a Silurian sea. Geology 28:791–794.
Daley, G. M. 2002. Creating a paleoecological framework for evolutionary and paleoecological studies: an example from the Fort Thompson Formation (Pleistocene) of Florida. Palaios 17:419–434.
Darwin, C. 1859. On the origin of species. John Murray, London.
Foote, M. 2000. Origination and extinction components of taxonomic diversity: general problems. In Erwin, D. H. and Wing, S. L., eds. Deep time: Paleobiology's perspective. 26(Suppl. to No. 4):74–102.
Fürsich, F. T. 1977. Corallian (Upper Jurassic) marine benthic associations from England and Normandy. Palaeontology 20:337–385. 58 pages of tables deposited with the British National Library.
Fürsich, F. T. 1984. Benthic associations from the Boreal Upper Jurassic (Milne Land; East Greenland). .
Fürsich, F. T., and Werner, W. 1986. Benthic associations and their environmental significance in the Lusitanian Basin (Upper Jurassic, Portugal). Neues Jahrbuch für Geologie und Paläontologie, Abhandlungen 172:271–329.
Gotelli, N. J., and Colwell, R. K. 2001. Quantifying biodiversity: procedures and pitfalls in the measurement and comparison of species richness. Ecology Letters 4:379–391.
Holland, S. M. 1995. The stratigraphic distribution of fossils. Paleobiology 21:92–109.
Hurlbert, S. H. 1971. The nonconcept of species diversity: a critique and alternative parameters. Ecology 56:577–586.
Jablonski, D., Roy, K., Valentine, J. W., Price, R. M., and Anderson, P. S. 2003. The impact of the Pull of the Recent on the history of marine diversity. Science 300:1133–1135.
Jackson, J. B. C., and Johnson, K. G. 2001. Measuring past biodiversity. Science 293:2401–2404.
Kidwell, S. M. 2001. Preservation of species abundance in marine death assemblages. Science 294:1091–1094.
Kowalewski, M., and Flessa, K. W. 1996. Improving with age: the fossil record of lingulide brachiopods and the nature of taphonomic megabiases. Geology 24:977–980.
Lande, R. 1996. Statistics and the partitioning of species diversity, and similarity among multiple communities. Oikos 76:5–13.
Markwick, P. J. 1998. Crocodilian diversity in space and time: the role of climate in paleoecology and its implication for understanding K/T extinctions. Paleobiology 24:470–497.
McKinney, M. L. 1996. The biology of fossil abundance. Revista Española de Paleontología 11:125–133.
Miller, A. I., and Foote, M. 1996. Calibrating the Ordovician Radiation of marine life: implications for Phanerozoic diversity trends. Paleobiology 22:304–309.
Müller, A. H. 1961. Grossabläufe der Stammesgeschichte. Gustav Fischer, Jena, Germany.
Newell, N. D. 1967. Revolutions in the history of life. In Albritton, C. C. Jr., ed. Uniformity and simplicity: a symposium on the principle of the uniformity of nature. :63–91.
Olszewski, T. D., and Patzkowsky, M. E. 2001. Evaluating taxonomic turnover: Pennsylvanian-Permian brachiopods and bivalves of the North American Midcontinent. Paleobiology 27:646–668.
Peters, S. E. 2004. Evenness of Cambrian-Ordovician benthic marine communities in North America. Paleobiology 30:325–346.
Peters, S. E., and Foote, M. 2001. Biodiversity in the Phanerozoic: a reinterpretation. Paleobiology 27:583–601.
Porter, S. M. 2004. Closing the phosphatization window: testing for the influence of taphonomic megabias on the pattern of small shelly fossil decline. Palaios 19:178–183.
Powell, M. G., and Kowalewski, M. 2002. Increase in evenness and sampled alpha diversity through the Phanerozoic: comparison of early Paleozoic and Cenozoic marine fossil assemblages. Geology 30:331–334.
Raup, D. M. 1972. Taxonomic diversity during the Phanerozoic. Science 177:1065–1071.
Raup, D. M. 1976a. Species diversity in the Phanerozoic: a tabulation. Paleobiology 2:279–288.
Raup, D. M. 1976b. Species diversity in the Phanerozoic: an interpretation. Paleobiology 2:289–297.
Raup, D. M. 1978. Cohort analysis of generic survivorship. Paleobiology 4:1–15.
Schubert, J. K., Kidder, D. L., and Erwin, D. H. 1997. Silica-re-placed fossils through the Phanerozoic. Geology 25:1031–1034.
Scotese, C. R. 2001. Atlas of earth history. PALEOMAP Project, Arlington, Tex.
Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1981. A factor analytic description of the Phanerozoic marine fossil record. Paleobiology 7:36–53.
Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1988. Alpha, beta, or gamma: where does all the diversity go? Paleobiology 14:221–234.
Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1997. Biodiversity: past, present, and future. Journal of Paleontology 71:533–539.
Sepkoski, J. J. Jr., Bambach, R. K., Raup, D. M., and Valentine, J. W. 1981. Phanerozoic marine diversity and the fossil record. Nature 293:435–437.
Sheehan, P. M. 1977. Species diversity in the Phanerozoic: a reflection of labor by systematists? Paleobiology 3:325–329.
Shinozaki, K. 1963. Notes on the species-area curve. , p. 5.
Smith, A. B. 2001. Large-scale heterogeneity of the fossil record: implications for Phanerozoic biodiversity studies. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London B 356:351–367.
Smith, A. B., Gale, A. S., and Monks, N. E. A. 2001. Sea-level change and rock-record bias in the Cretaceous: a problem for extinction and biodiversity studies. Paleobiology 27:241–253.
Smith, E. P., Stewert, P. M., Cairns, J. Jr. 1985. Similarities between rarefaction methods. Hydrobiologia 120:167–170.
Tipper, J. C. 1979. Rarefaction and rarefiction: the use and abuse of a method in paleoecology. Paleobiology 5:423–434.
Valentine, J. W. 1969. Patterns of taxonomic and ecological structure of the shelf benthos during Phanerozoic time. Palaeontology 12:684–709.
Westrop, S. R., and Adrain, J. M. 2001. Sampling at the species level: impact of spatial biases on diversity gradients. Geology 29:903–906.
Whittaker, R. H. 1960. Vegetation of the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and California. Ecological Monographs 30:279–338.
Wilson, M. V., and Shmida, A. 1984. Measuring beta diversity with presence-absence data. Journal of Ecology 72:1055–1064.
Wright, P., Cherns, L., and Hodges, P. 2003. Missing molluscs: field testing taphonomic loss in the Mesozoic through early large-scale aragonite dissolution. Geology 31:211–214.