Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Real and random patterns associated with molluscan spatial and temporal distributions

  • Michael P. Russell (a1) and David R. Lindberg (a2)

Abstract

The species-level properties of geographic range and geologic duration are often used as variables in evolutionary studies. However, estimates of species duration are not independent of estimates of geographic range. Before these properties are used in macroevolutionary hypotheses, error associated with these estimates must be quantified. This error may lead to spurious inferences of evolutionary processes. To assess the error associated with estimates of geographic range and geologic duration, we modeled various sampling regimes and calculated the bias associated with these estimates.

We present three analyses which document the bias associated with estimates of geographic range and geologic duration. First, we find a positive correlation between local abundance and geographic range for a sample of 180 species of Recent prosobranch gastropods from the northeastern temperate Pacific Ocean. Therefore, geographically short-ranging species are less likely to be represented in the fossil record than geographically long-ranging species because of their local rarity. Second, we demonstrate that the chance of underestimating the geographic range of a species is acute for species with restricted spatial distributions, further compounding the problem of documenting their distribution in space and time. Third, we present a simulation which quantifies the degree of autocorrelation between geographic range and geologic duration for different levels of sampling resolution and spatial distributions of fossil localities.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Addicott, W. O. 1966. Late Pleistocene marine paleoecology and zoogeography in central California. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 523-C:C1C21.
Behrensmeyer, A. K. and Kidwell, S. M. 1985. Taphonomy's contributions to paleobiology. Paleobiology 11:105119.
Bishop, M. J. and Bishop, S. J. 1973. A census of marine prosobranch gastropods at San Diego, California. The Veliger 16:143152.
Bookstein, F. L. 1987. Random walk and the existence of evolutionary rates. Paleobiology 13:446464.
Boucot, A. J. 1975. Standing diversity of fossil groups in successive intervals of geologic time viewed in the light of changing levels of provincialism. Journal of Paleontology 49:11051111.
Durham, W. 1967. The incompleteness of our knowledge of the fossil record. Journal of Paleontology 41:559565.
Eldredge, N. 1985. Unfinished Synthesis. Biological Hierarchies and Modern Evolutionary Thought. Oxford University Press; New York. 237 pp.
Fowler, C. W. and MacMahon, J. A. 1982. Selective extinction and speciation: their influence on the structure and functioning of communities and ecosystems. American Naturalist 119:480498.
Gould, S. J., Raup, D. M., Sepkoski, J. J. Jr., Schopf, T. J. M., and Simberloff, D. S. 1977. The shape of evolution: a comparison of real and random clades. Paleobiology 3:2340.
Hansen, T. A. 1978. Larval dispersal and species longevity in Lower Tertiary gastropods. Science 199:885887.
Hansen, T. A. 1980. Influence of larval dispersal and geographic distribution on species longevity in neogastropods. Paleobiology 8:367377.
Jablonski, D. 1980. Apparent versus real biotic effects of transgressions and regressions. Paleobiology 6:397407.
Jablonski, D. 1982. Evolutionary rates and modes in Late Cretaceous gastropods: role of larval dispersal. Third North American Paleontological Convention, Proceedings 1:257262.
Jablonski, D. 1986. Larval ecology and macroevolution in marine invertebrates. Bulletin of Marine Science 39:565587.
Jablonski, D. 1987. Heritability at the species level: analysis of geographic ranges of Cretaceous mollusks. Science 238:360363.
Jablonski, D. and Lutz, R. A. 1983. Larval ecology of marine benthic invertebrates: paleobiological implications. Biological Review 58:2189.
Jackson, J. B. C. 1977. Some relationships between habitat and biostratigraphic potential of marine benthos. In Kauffman, E. G., and Hazel, J. E. (ed.), Concepts and Methods of Biostratigraphy. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross; Pennsylvania.
Kennedy, G. L. 1978. Pleistocene paleoecology, zoogeography and geochronology of marine invertebrate faunas of the Pacific northwest coast (San Francisco Bay to Puget Sound). Unpublished Ph.D. Dissertation. University of California, Davis. 824 pp.
Koch, C. F. 1978. Bias in the published fossil record. Paleobiology 4:367372.
Koch, C. F. 1987. Prediction of sample size effects on the measured temporal and geographic distribution patterns of species. Paleobiology 13:100107.
Lewin, R. 1987. Statistical traps lurk in the fossil record. Science 236:521522.
McLean, J. H. 1978. Marine shells of southern California. Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County, Science Series 24, Revised Edition:1104.
Pease, C. M. 1988a. Biases in the total extinction rates of fossil taxa. Journal of Theoretical Biology 130:17.
Pease, C. M. 1988b. Biases in the per-taxon origination and extinction rates of fossil taxa. Journal of Theoretical Biology 130:930.
Pease, C. M. 1988c. Biases in the survivorship curves of fossil taxa. Journal of Theoretical Biology 130:3148.
Pease, C. M. 1988d. On comparing the geological durations of easily versus poorly fossilized taxa. Journal of Theoretical Biology 133:255257.
Raup, D. M. 1979. Biases in the fossil record of species and genera. Bulletin of the Carnegie Museum of Natural History 13:8591.
Raup, D. M. and Crick, R. E. 1981. Evolution of single characters in the Jurassic ammonite Kosmoceras. Paleobiology 7:200215.
Russell, M. P. and Lindberg, D. R. 1988. Estimates of species duration. Science (Letter) 240:969.
Salthe, S. N. 1985. Evolving Hierarchical Systems. Columbia University Press; New York. 343 pp.
Scheltema, R. S. 1977. Dispersal of marine invertebrate organisms: paleobiogeographic and biostratigraphic implications. Pp. 73108. In Kauffman, E. G., and Hazel, J. E. (eds.), Concepts and Methods of Biostratigraphy. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross; Pennsylvania.
Scheltema, R. S. and Williams, I. P. 1983. Long-distance dispersal of planktonic larvae and the biogeography and evolution of some Polynesian and Western Pacific mollusks. Bulletin of Marine Science. 33:545565.
Schopf, T. J. M. 1982. A critical assessment of punctuated equilibria. I. Duration of taxa. Evolution 36:11441157.
Shuto, T. 1974. Larval ecology of prosobranch gastropods and its bearing on biogeography and paleontology. Lethaia 7:239256.
Sokal, R. R. and Rohlf, J. F. 1981. Biometry. W. H. Freeman and Company; San Francisco. 859 pp.
Stanley, S. M. 1975. A theory of evolution above the species level. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of The United States of America 72:646650.
Thompson, F. G. 1982. The Recent mollusks collections of North America—II. Association of Systematic Collections Newsletter 10:4345.
Valentine, J. W. 1966. Numerical analysis of marine molluscan ranges on the Extratropical Northeastern Pacific Shelf. Limnology and Oceanography 11:198211.
Vrba, E. S. 1984. What is species selection? Systematic Zoology 33:318328.
Vrba, E. S. and Eldredge, N. 1984. Individuals, hierarchies and processes: towards a more complex evolutionary theory. Paleobiology 10:146171.
Vrba, E. S. and Gould, S. J. 1986. The hierarchical expansion of sorting and selection: sorting and selection cannot be equated. Paleobiology 12:217228.

Real and random patterns associated with molluscan spatial and temporal distributions

  • Michael P. Russell (a1) and David R. Lindberg (a2)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed