Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Late Quaternary rapid morphological evolution of an endemic diatom in Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming

  • Edward C. Theriot (a1), Sherilyn C. Fritz (a2), Cathy Whitlock (a3) and Daniel J. Conley (a4)

Abstract

The centric diatom Stephanodiscus yellowstonensis Theriot and Stoermer is endemic to Yellowstone Lake, where it can be an important component of the summer phytoplankton assemblage. Its close relative, Stephanodiscus niagarae Ehrenberg, is abundant in nearby lakes and regional reservoirs. We used the stratigraphic record of Yellowstone Lake to investigate the evolution of S. niagarae to S. yellowstonensis and to describe the limnologic and climatic conditions associated with its evolution. A dramatic morphological shift took place between about 13.7 and 10.0 Ka, but morphology remained stable from 10 Ka to the present. Coincident with morphological change in the S. niagarae/S. yellowstonensis complex were changes in the diatom species assemblage, biogenic silica concentrations, sediment lithology, and regional vegetation. These changes suggest an environment that experienced progressive warming following the retreat of continental glaciers. We could not identify a specific selective factor driving evolution. Nevertheless, nonrandom morphological evolution strongly associated with continuous environmental change suggests that directional selection is a reasonable hypothesis to account for evolution of S. yellowstonensis. Protists are presumed to evolve gradually after speciation events because of large population size, high dispersal capacity, and low reproductive barriers. However, published diatom examples and the evolution of S. yellowstonensis suggest that it is premature to generalize about rates of evolution in protists, or at least to include diatoms in this generalization.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Arnold, A. J. 1983. Phyletic evolution in the Goborotalia crassaformis (Galloway and Wissler) lineage: a preliminary report. Paleobiology 9:390398.
Bacon, C. R. 1983. Eruptive history of Mount Mazama and Crater Lake Caldera, Cascade Range, USA. Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research 18:57115.
Baker, C. 1983. Evolution and hybridization in the radiolarian genera Theocorythium and Lamprocyclas . Paleobiology 9:341354.
Baker, R. G. 1976. Late Quaternary vegetation history of the Yellowstone Lake Basin, Wyoming. U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 729-E:E1E48.
Barnosky, C. W., Anderson, P. M. and Bartlein, P. J. 1987. The northwestern U. S. during deglaciation; vegetational history and paleoclimatic implications. Pp. 289321 in Wright, H. E. and Ruddiman, W. F., eds. North America and adjacent oceans during the last deglaciation. Geology of North America, Vol. K-3. Geological Society of America, Boulder, Colo.
Battarbee, R. W. 1973. A new method for the estimation of absolute microfossil numbers with reference especially to diatoms. Limnology and Oceanography 18:647653.
Benton, M. J., and Pearson, P. N. 2001. Speciation in the fossil record. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 16:405411.
Brown, T. A., Nelson, D. E., Mathews, R. W., Vogel, J. S., and Southan, J. R. 1989. Radiocarbon dating of pollen by accelerator mass spectrometry. Quaternary Research 32: 302–212.
Burckle, L. H., and Trainer, J. 1979. Middle and Late Pliocene diatom datum levels from the Central Pacific. Micropaleontology 25:281293.
Chiba, S. 1996. A 40,000-year record of discontinuous evolution of island snails. Paleobiology 22:177188.
Crow, J. F., and Kimura, M. 1970. An introduction to population genetics theory. Harper and Row, New York.
Cupp, E. E. 1943. Marine plankton diatoms of the west coast of North America. Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography 5:1237.
de Vargas, C., Norris, R., Zaninetti, L., Gibb, S. W., and Pawlowski, J. 1999. Molecular evidence of cryptic speciation in planktonic foraminifers and their relation to oceanic provinces. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 96:28642868.
de Vargas, C., Renaud, S., Hillbrecht, H., and Pawlowski, J. 2001. Pleistocene adaptive radiation in Globorotalia truncatulinoides: genetic, morphologic, and environmental evidence. Paleobiology 27:104125.
DeMaster, D. J. 1981. The supply and accumulation of silica in the marine environment. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta 45:17151732.
Despain, D. G. 1990. Yellowstone vegetation; consequences of environment and history in a natural setting. Roberts Rinehart, Boulder, Colo.
Edgar, S. M., and Theriot, E. C. 2004. Phylogeny of Aulacoseira (Bacillariophyta) based on molecules and morphology. Journal of Phycology 40:772788.
Faegri, K., Kaland, P. E., and Krzywinski, K. 1989. Textbook of pollen analysis. Wiley, New York.
Falconer, D. S. 1989. Introduction to quantitative genetics, 3d ed. Wiley, New York.
Fenster, E. J., Sorhannus, U., Burckle, L. H., and Hoffman, A. 1989. Patterns of morphological change in the Neogene diatom Nitzschia jouseae Burckle. Historical Biology 2:197211.
Finlay, B. J., Monaghan, E. B., and Maberly, S. C. 2002. Hypothesis: the rate and scale of dispersal of freshwater diatom species is a function of their global abundance. Protist 153:261273.
Frey, J. K. 1993. Modes of peripheral isolate formation and speciation. Systematic Biology 42:373381.
Good, J. M., and Pierce, K. L. 1996. Interpreting the landscape: Recent and ongoing geology of Grand Teton and Yellowstone National Parks. Grand Teton Natural History Association, Grand Teton National Park, Moose, Wyo.
Hunter, R. S. T., Arnold, A. J., and Parker, W. C. 1988. Evolution and homeomorphy in the development of the Paleocene Planorotalites pseudomenardii and the Miocene Globorotalia (Globorotalia) margaritae lineages. Micropaleontology 34:181192.
Interlandi, S. J., Kilham, S. S., and Theriot, E. C. 1999. Responses of phytoplankton to varied resource availability in large lakes of the Greater Yellowstone Ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography 44:668682.
Jablonski, D. 2000. Micro- and macroevolution: scale and hierarchy in evolutionary biology and paleobiology. In Erwin, D. H. and Wing, S. L., eds. Deep time: Paleobiology‘s perspective. Paleobiology 26(Suppl. to No. 4):1552.
Kellogg, D. E. 1975. The role of phyletic change in the evolution of Pseudocubus vema (Radiolaria). Paleobiology 1:359370.
Kellogg, D. E., and Hays, J. D. 1975. Microevolutionary patterns in late Cenozoic radiolaria. Paleobiology 1:150160.
Kelts, K. R., Briegel, U., Ghilard, K., and Hsu, K. J. 1986. The limnogeology ETH coring system. Schweiz Zeitschrift für Hydrologie 48:104115.
Kilham, S. S., Theriot, E. C., and Fritz, S. C. 1996. Linking planktonic diatoms and climate change using resource theory in the large lakes of the Yellowstone ecosystem. Limnology and Oceanography 41:10521062.
Kociolek, J. P., and Spaulding, S. A. 2000. Freshwater diatom biogeography. Nova Hedwigia 71:223241.
Koizumi, I., and Yanagisawa, Y. 1990. Evolutionary change in diatom morphology—an example from Nitzschia fossilis to Pseudoeunotia doliolus . Transactions and Proceedings of the Palaeontological Society of Japan, new series 157:347359.
Kucera, M., and Malmgren, B. A. 1998. Differences between evolution of mean form and evolution of new morphotypes: an example from Late Cretaceous Planktonic Foraminifera. Paleobiology 24:4963.
Lande, R. 1985. Expected time for random genetic drift of a population between stable phenotype states. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA 82:76417645.
Lande, R. 1986. The dynamics of peak shifts and the pattern of morphological evolution. Paleobiology 12:343354.
Lazarus, D. 1986. Tempo and mode of morphologic evolution near the origin of the radiolarian lineage Pterocanium prismatum . Paleobiology 12:175189.
Lazarus, D., Hilbrecht, H., Spencer-Cervato, C., and Thierstein, H. 1995. Sympatric speciation and phyletic change in Globorotalia truncatulinoides . Paleobiology 21:2851.
Locke, W. W., and Meyer, G. A. 1994. A 12,000-year record of vertical deformation across the Yellowstone caldera margin: the shorelines of Yellowstone Lake. Journal of Geophysical Research 99:2007920094.
Malmgren, B. A., and Kennett, J. P. 1981. Phyletic gradualism in a Late Cenozoic planktonic foraminiferal lineage: DSDP site 284, southwest Pacific. Paleobiology 7:230240.
Malmgren, B. A., Berggren, W. A., and Lohman, G. P. 1983. Evidence for punctuated gradualism in the Late Neogene Globorotalia tumida lineage of planktonic foraminifera. Paleobiology 9:377389.
Mann, D. G., and Droop, S. J. M. 1996. Biodiversity, biogeography and conservation of diatoms. Hydrobiologia 336:1932.
Mehringer, P. J. Jr., Sheppard, J. C., and Foit, F. F. 1984. The age of Glacier Peak tephra in west-central Montana. Quaternary Research 21:3641.
Millspaugh, S. H., Whitlock, C., and Bartlein, P. J. 2000. Variations in fire frequency and climate over the past 17000 yr in central Yellowstone National Park. Geology 28:211214.
Norris, R. D., Corfield, R. M., and Cartlidge, J. 1996. What is gradualism? Cryptic speciation in globorotalid foraminifera. Paleobiology 22:386405.
Pearson, P. N., Shackleton, N. J., and Hall, M. A. 1997. Stable isotope evidence for the sympatric divergence of Globigerinoides trilobus and Orbulina universa (planktonic foraminifera). Journal of the Geological Society, London 154:295302.
Porter, S. C., Pierce, K. L., and Hamilton, T. D. 1983. Late Wisconsin mountain glaciation in the western United States. Pp. 71111 in Porter, S. C., ed. Late Quaternary environments of the United States. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
Roh, H. 2000. Resource requirements and competitive abilities of diatoms from the greater Yellowstone ecosystem for silicon and nitrogen. . Drexel University, Philadelphia.
Round, F. E., Crawford, R. M., and Mann, D. G. 1990. The diatoms: biology and morphology of the genera. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Sancetta, C. 1989. Processes controlling the accumulation of diatoms in sediments: a model derived from British Columbia fjords. Paleoceanography 4:235251.
Sarna-Wojcicki, A. M., Champion, D. E., and Davis, J. O. 1983. Holocene volcanism in the conterminous United States and the role of silicic volcanic ash layers in the correlation of latest Pleistocene and Holocene deposits. Pp. 5277 in Wright, H. E., ed. Late Quaternary environments of the United States, Vol. 2. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
Schrader, H. J. 1973. Cenozoic diatoms from the Northeast Pacific, Leg 18. In L. D. Kulm and R. von Huene, eds. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project 18:673765.
Schrader, H. J. 1974. Cenozoic marine planktonic diatom stratigraphy of the tropical Indian Ocean. In Fisher, R. L. and Bunce, E. T., eds. Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project 24:887941.
Sorhannus, U. 1990a. A new planktonic diatom species, Rhizosolenia sigmoida, from upper Pliocene sediments of the equatorial Pacific. Micropaleontology 36:102103.
Sorhannus, U. 1990b. Punctuated morphological change in a Neogene diatom lineage: “local” evolution or migration? Historical Biology 3:241247.
Sorhannus, U., Fenster, E. J., Burckle, L. H., and Hoffman, A. 1988. Cladogenetic and anagenetic changes in the morphology of Rhizosolenia praebergonii Mukhina. Historical Biology 1:185205.
Sorhannus, U., Fenster, E. J., Burckle, L. H., and Hoffman, A. 1991. Iterative evolution in the diatom genus Rhizosolenia . Lethaia 24:3944.
Stuiver, M., Reimer, P. J., and Braziunas, T. F. 1998. High-precision radiocarbon age calibration for terrestrial and marine samples. Radiocarbon 40:11271151.
Sundström, Bo. 1986. The marine diatom genus Rhizosolenia: a new approach to the taxonomy. . Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Taylor, S. M. 1994. Resource requirements and competitive interactions of two closely related Stephanodiscus species for nitrogen and silica. . Drexel University, Philadelphia.
Theriot, E. 1984. Morphological variation in Stephanodiscus niagarae (Bacillariophyceae). . University of Michigan, Ann Arbor.
Theriot, E. 1987. Principal component analysis and taxonomic interpretation of environmentally related variation in silicification in Stephanodiscus (Bacillariophyceae). British Phycological Journal 22:359373.
Theriot, E. 1992. Clusters, species concepts and morphological evolution of diatoms. Systematic Biology 41:141157.
Theriot, E., and Stoermer, E. F. 1981. Some aspects of morphological variation in Stephanodiscus niagarae (Bacillariophyceae). Journal of Phycology 17:6472.
Theriot, E., and Stoermer, E. F. 1984a. Principal component analysis of Stephanodiscus: observations on two new species from the Stephanodiscus niagarae complex. Bacillaria 7:3758.
Theriot, E., and Stoermer, E. F. 1984b. Principal component analysis of variation in Stephanodiscus rotula and S. niagarae (Bacillariophyceae). Systematic Botany 9:5359.
Theriot, E., and Stoermer, E. F. 1984c. Principal component analysis of character variation in Stephanodiscus niagarae Ehrenb.: morphological variation related to lake trophic status. Pp. 97111 in Mann, D. G., ed. Proceedings of the seventh international diatom symposium. Koeltz, Koenigstein.
Theriot, E., Qi, Y. Z., Yang, J. R., and Ling, L. Y. 1988. Taxonomy of the diatom Stephanodiscus niagarae from a fossil deposit in Jingyu County, Jilin Province, China. Diatom Research 3:145153.
Theriot, E. C., Fritz, S. C., and Gresswell, R. E. 1997. Long-term limnological data from the larger lakes of Yellowstone National Park. Journal of Arctic and Alpine Research 29:304314.
Thompson, R. S., Whitlock, C., Bartlein, P. J., Harrison, S. P., and Spaulding, W. G. 1993. Climatic changes in the western United States since 18,000 yr B. P. Pp. 468513 in Wright, H. E., ed. Global climates since the last glacial maximum. University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis.
Tiller, C. C. 1995. Postglacial sediment stratigraphy of large lakes in greater Yellowstone. . University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
Waddington, J. C. B., and Wright, H. E. Jr. 1974. Late Quaternary vegetational changes on the east side of Yellowstone National Park, Wyoming. Quaternary Research 4:175184.
Wei, K.-Y., and Kennett, J. P. 1988. Phyletic gradualism and punctuated equilibrium in the late Neogene planktonic foraminiferal clade Globoconella . Paleobiology 14:345363.
Wells, J. T., and Shanks, A. L. 1987. Observations and geological significance of marine snow in a shallow-water, partially enclosed marine embayment. Journal of Geophysical Research 92:185190.
Whitlock, C. 1993. Postglacial vegetation and climate of Grand Teton and southern Yellowstone National Parks. Ecological Monographs 63:173198.
Whitlock, C., and Bartlein, P. J. 1993. Spatial variations of Holocene climatic change in the Yellowstone region. Quaternary Research 39:231238.
Wiley, E. O. 1981. Phylogenetics: the theory and practice of phylogenetic systematics. Wiley, New York.

Late Quaternary rapid morphological evolution of an endemic diatom in Yellowstone Lake, Wyoming

  • Edward C. Theriot (a1), Sherilyn C. Fritz (a2), Cathy Whitlock (a3) and Daniel J. Conley (a4)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.