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Structure-Electrical Transport Property Relationship of Anisotropic iPP/CNT Films

  • Parvathalu Kalakonda (a1), Michael Daly (a2), Kaikai Xu (a2), Yaniel Cabrera (a3), Robert Judith (a3), Germano S. Iannacchione (a1), Georgi Y. Georgiev (a1) (a2) and Peggy Cebe (a3)...

Abstract

The internal micro/nano-structure of anisotropically oriented polymer/CNTs composites determines their macroscopic properties. However, the connections between the two are not fully understood. The varying of CNT concentration, preparation method, and a thermodynamic parameter (e.g. temperature) can all play interconnected role. In this work, the macroscopic electrical conductivity was measured perpendicular to the film thickness of an insulating polymer (isotactic PolyPropylene, iPP) and a nano-composite of iPP with 5 weight percent of CNT. The thin films studied were sheared (anisotropically nano-structured) and non-sheared (with random internal structure). In general the effect of melt shearing induces anisotropy on the electrical transport properties of the iPP/CNT films in directions parallel and perpendicular to the direction of orientation. Our results show that for the pure iPP, resistivity slightly increases with shear at higher temperatures. When CNTs are introduced, there is a large difference between the resistivity of the sheared and non-sheared nanocomposite. The sheared PNCs when the CNTs are aligned parallel to each other, have higher resistivity, which is possibly due to the higher concentration at which the percolation threshold occurs in this arrangement. The resistivity decreases overall, as the temperature increases from 0 to 50 °C. These results show that CNTs can be used to control and fine tune the desired macroscopic physical properties of nanocomposites, by concentration and orientation, such as electrical conductivity, for applications where such properties are necessary.

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Keywords

Structure-Electrical Transport Property Relationship of Anisotropic iPP/CNT Films

  • Parvathalu Kalakonda (a1), Michael Daly (a2), Kaikai Xu (a2), Yaniel Cabrera (a3), Robert Judith (a3), Germano S. Iannacchione (a1), Georgi Y. Georgiev (a1) (a2) and Peggy Cebe (a3)...

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