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Glassy materials with enhanced thermal stability

  • P. Boolchand (a1) and B. Goodman (a2)

Abstract

The nature of glass transitions in chalcogenides and modified oxides depends on the network mean coordination number $\langle r\rangle$ . These display systematic trends when spanning across the three topological phases: flexible, intermediate, and stressed-rigid. Trends in the glass-transition temperature T g( $\langle r\rangle$ ) show a monotonic increase with $\langle r\rangle$ , but the nonreversing enthalpy of relaxation at T g, ΔH nr( $\langle r\rangle$ ), shows a deep- and square-well-like minimum with the walls representing the rigidity and stress transitions with increasing $\langle r\rangle$ , respectively. In the well, the ΔH nr( $\langle r\rangle$ ) term remains minuscule (∼0) corresponding to the isostatically rigid intermediate phase (IP). The melt fragility index (m) shows rather low values, m( $\langle r\rangle$ ) < 20 for IP compositions, but increases outside the IP. Glass compositions in the IP show absence of network stress, form compacted networks, possess thermally reversing glass transitions, and display high glass-forming tendency—functionalities that have attracted widespread interest in understanding the physics of glasses and applications of the new IP formed.

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Keywords

Glassy materials with enhanced thermal stability

  • P. Boolchand (a1) and B. Goodman (a2)

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