Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-ndqjc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-29T18:39:35.843Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Molecular data support Pseudoparmelia as a distinct lineage related to Relicina and Relicinopsis (Ascomycota, Lecanorales)

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 January 2015

Kawinnat BUARUANG
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkhen, Bangkok, 10900Thailand
Klara SCHARNAGL
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA
Pradeep DIVAKAR
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biología Vegetal II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
Steven D. LEAVITT
Affiliation:
Science & Education, The Field Museum, 1400 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA. Email: tlumbsch@fieldmuseum.org
Ana CRESPO
Affiliation:
Departamento de Biología Vegetal II, Facultad de Farmacia, Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Madrid 28040, Spain
Thomas H. NASH
Affiliation:
Deptartment of Botany, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53706-1313, USA
Leka MANOCH
Affiliation:
Department of Plant Pathology, Faculty of Agriculture, Kasetsart University, Bangkhen, Bangkok, 10900Thailand
Robert LÜCKING
Affiliation:
Science & Education, The Field Museum, 1400 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA. Email: tlumbsch@fieldmuseum.org
H. Thorsten LUMBSCH*
Affiliation:
Science & Education, The Field Museum, 1400 S. Lake Shore Drive, Chicago, Illinois 60605, USA. Email: tlumbsch@fieldmuseum.org

Abstract

The phylogenetic position of the genus Pseudoparmelia was addressed using molecular data from five loci (mtSSU, nuLSU, ITS, Mcm7, RPB1), generated from three species and aligned with sequences from 293 samples representing all major clades of Parmeliaceae. Pseudoparmelia species form a well-supported monophyletic group that is the sister group of a clade consisting of the genera Relicina and Relicinopsis. These three genera share a thallus with a pored epicortex, isolichenan as cell wall polysaccharide, and relatively small ascospores. Morphological and chemical characters that distinguish Pseudoparmelia from the closely related Relicina and Relicinopsis are discussed. To further elucidate the relationships of these three genera, we assembled a second dataset including 15 additional samples of Relicina and Relicinopsis using three loci (mtSSU, nuLSU, ITS). All three genera are monophyletic but monophyly of Relicina lacks support and, in the mtSSU single locus tree, the genus is paraphyletic with Relicinopsis nested within. Additional studies including more Relicina species are necessary to test delimitation of the genera Relicina and Relicinopsis.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2015 

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Akaike, H. (1974) A new look at the statistical model identification. IEEE Transactions on Automatic Control 19: 716723.Google Scholar
Crespo, A., Kauff, F., Divakar, P. K., del Prado, R., Pérez-Ortega, S., Amo de Paz, G., Ferencova, Z., Blanco, O., Roca-Valiente, B., Núñez-Zapata, J. et al. (2010) Phylogenetic generic classification of parmelioid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota) based on molecular, morphological and chemical evidence. Taxon 59: 17351753.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Crespo, A., Divakar, P. K. & Hawksworth, D. L. (2011) Generic concepts in parmelioid lichens, and the phylogenetic value of characters used in their circumscription. Lichenologist 43: 511535.Google Scholar
DePriest, P. T. (1999) Development of Mason E. Hale's list of epithets in the parmelioid genera (lichen-forming ascomycotina): a bibliographic review. Bryologist 102: 442461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Divakar, P. K., Ferencova, Z., Del Prado, R., Lumbsch, H. T. & Crespo, A. (2010) Remototrachyna, a new tropical lineage in hypotrachynoid lichens (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota): a multigene and morphological approach. American Journal of Botany 97: 579590.Google Scholar
Elix, J. A. (1993) Progress in the generic delimitation of Parmelia sensu lato lichens (Ascomycotina: Parmeliaceae) and a synoptic key to the Parmeliaceae . Bryologist 96: 359383.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elix, J. A. & Nash, T. H. III (1997) A monograph of the lichen genus Pseudoparmelia (Ascomycotina, Parmeliaceae). Bryologist 100: 482498.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Elix, J. A., Johnston, J. & Verdon, D. (1986) Canoparmelia, Paraparmelia and Relicinopsis, three new genera in the Parmeliaceae (lichenized Ascomycotina). Mycotaxon 27: 271282.Google Scholar
Elix, J. A., Gaul, K. L., Hockless, D. C. R. & Wardlaw, J. H. (1995) Structure determination of butlerins A, B and C – three new lichen p-terphenyls. Australian Journal of Chemistry 48: 10491053.Google Scholar
Gutierrez, G., Blanco, O., Divakar, P. K., Lumbsch, H. T. & Crespo, A. (2007) Patterns of group I intron presence in nuclear SSU rDNA of the lichen family Parmeliaceae . Journal of Molecular Evolution 64: 181195.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1974 a) Bulbothrix, Parmelina, Relicina, and Xanthoparmelia, four new genera in the Parmeliaceae . Phytologia 28: 479-490.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1974 b) New combinations in the lichen genus Pseudoparmelia Lynge. Phytologia 29: 188191.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1975) A monograph of the lichen genus Relicina (Parmeliaceae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 26: 132.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1976 a) A monograph of the lichen genus Bulbothrix Hale (Parmeliaceae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 32: 129.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1976 b) A monograph of the lichen genus Pseudoparmelia Lynge (Parmeliaceae). Smithsonian Contributions to Botany 31: 162.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1984) An historical review of the genus concept in lichenology. Beiheft zur Nova Hedwigia 79: 1123.Google Scholar
Hale, M. E. Jr (1986) Flavoparmelia, a new genus in the lichen family Parmeliaceae (Ascomycotina). Mycotaxon 25: 603605.Google Scholar
Hawksworth, D. L. (1994) Ascomycete Systematics. Problems and Perspectives in the Nineties. NATO Advanced Science Institute Series, 269. New York: Plenum Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Hillis, D. M. & Bull, J. J. (1993) An empirical test of bootstrapping as a method for assessing confidence in phylogenetic analysis. Systematic Biology 42: 182192.Google Scholar
Huelsenbeck, J. P. & Ronquist, F. (2001) MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees. Bioinformatics 17: 754755.Google Scholar
Katoh, K. & Toh, H. (2008) Recent developments in the MAFFT multiple sequence alignment program. Brief Bioinformatics 9: 286298.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Leavitt, S. D., Esslinger, T. L., Spribille, T., Divakar, P. K. & Lumbsch, H. T. (2013) Multilocus phylogeny of the lichen-forming fungal genus Melanohalea (Parmeliaceae, Ascomycota): insights on diversity, distributions, and a comparison of species tree and concatenated topologies. Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution 66: 138152.Google Scholar
Lutzoni, F., Kauff, F., Cox, C., McLaughlin, D., Celio, G., Dentinger, B., Padamsee, M., Hibbett, D., James, T. Y., Baloch, E. et al. (2004) Assembling the fungal tree of life: progress, classification, and evolution of subcellular traits. American Journal of Botany 91: 14461480.Google Scholar
Lynge, B. (1914) Die Flechten der ersten Regnellschen Expedition. Die Gattungen Pseudoparmelia gen. nov. und Parmelia Ach. Arkiv för Botanik 13: 1172.Google Scholar
Nimis, P. L. (1998) A critical appraisal of modern generic concepts in lichenology. Lichenologist 30: 427438.Google Scholar
Nylander, J. A. A., Wilgenbusch, J. C., Warren, D. L. & Swofford, D. L. (2007) AWTY (Are We There Yet?): a system for graphical exploration of MCMC convergence in Bayesian phylogenetics. Bioinformatics 24: 581583.Google Scholar
Posada, D. (2008) jModelTest: phylogenetic model averaging. Molecular Biology and Evolution 25: 12531256.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Rambaut, A. (2009) FigTree v1.3.1. Program distributed by the author, website http://tree.bio.ed.ac.uk/software.Google Scholar
Rambold, G. & Triebel, D. (1999) Generic concepts in lichenized and lichenicolous ascomycetes since 1950 – a historical approach. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 32(2): 123164.Google Scholar
Santesson, R. (1942) Two interesting new species of the lichen genus Parmelia . Botaniska Notiser 1942: 325330.Google Scholar
Sayers, E. W., Barrett, T., Benson, D. A., Bolton, E., Bryant, S. H., Canese, K., Chetvernin, V., Church, D. M., DiCuccio, M., Federhen, S. et al. (2011) Database resources of the National Center for Biotechnology Information. Nucleic Acids Research 39: D38D51.Google Scholar
Stamatakis, A. (2006) RAxML-VI-HPC: maximum likelihood-based phylogenetic analyses with thousands of taxa and mixed models. Bioinformatics 22: 26882690.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Stamatakis, A., Hoover, P. & Rougemont, J. (2008) A rapid bootstrap algorithm for the RAxML Web servers. Systematic Biology 57: 758771.CrossRefGoogle ScholarPubMed
Talavera, G. & Castresana, J. (2007) Improvement of phylogenies after removing divergent and ambiguously aligned blocks from protein sequence alignments. Systematic Biology 56: 564577.Google Scholar
Thell, A., Crespo, A., Divakar, P. K., Kärnefelt, I., Leavitt, S. D., Lumbsch, H. T. & Seaward, M. R. D. (2012) A review of the lichen family Parmeliaceae - history, phylogeny and current taxonomy. Nordic Journal of Botany 30: 641664.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
Supplementary material: PDF

Buaruang supplementary material

Figure S1

Download Buaruang supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 6 MB
Supplementary material: PDF

Buaruang supplementary material

Figure S2

Download Buaruang supplementary material(PDF)
PDF 3 KB