Hostname: page-component-5d59c44645-ndqjc Total loading time: 0 Render date: 2024-02-23T06:54:58.242Z Has data issue: false hasContentIssue false

Calopadia erythrocephala, a new foliicolous lichenized fungus from Brazil

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  29 March 2012

Edit FARKAS
Affiliation:
Institute of Ecology and Botany, Hungarian Academy of Sciences, H-2163 Vácrátót, Alkotmány u. 2–4, Hungary. E-mail: efarkas@botanika.hu
John A. ELIX
Affiliation:
Research School of Chemistry, Building 33, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia.
Adam FLAKUS
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Lichenology, W. Szafer Institute of Botany, Polish Academy of Sciences, Lubicz 46, PL-31-512 Kraków, Poland.

Abstract

The foliicolous lichenized fungus Calopadia erythrocephala Farkas, Elix & Flakus, is described as new to science from the Atlantic submontane rainforests in Brazil. The species is very similar to C. puiggarii, but is distinguished by the presence of a red pigment in the campylidia, the darker apothecial discs and larger conidia. Fusarubin, the red pigment produced by the new species, is reported for the first time from foliicolous lichens. A world-wide key to foliicolous species of Calopadia with single, muriform ascospores is presented.

Type
Research Article
Copyright
Copyright © British Lichen Society 2012

Access options

Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Log in options will check for institutional or personal access. Content may require purchase if you do not have access.)

References

Aptroot, A., Diederich, P., Sérusiaux, E. & Sipman, H. J. M. (1997) Lichens and lichenicolous fungi from New Guinea. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 64: 1220.Google Scholar
Brown, K. S. Jr. (1987) Conclusions, synthesis and alternative hypotheses. In Biogeography and Quaternary History in Tropical America. (Whitmore, T. C. & Prance, G. T., eds.): 175196. Oxford: Clarendon Press.Google Scholar
Cáceres, M. E. da S., Maia, L. C. & Lücking, R. (2000) Foliicolous lichens and their lichenicolous fungi in the atlantic rainforest of Brazil: diversity, ecogeography and conservation. Bibliotheca Lichenologica 75: 4770.Google Scholar
Cáceres, M. E. S., Lücking, R. & Rambold, G. (2008) Corticolous microlichens in northeastern Brazil: habitat differentiation between coastal Mata Atlantica, Caatinga and Brejos de Altitude. Bryologist 111: 98–17.Google Scholar
Elix, J. A. & Øvstedal, D. O. (2009) Lichen phytochemistry II: some species of Calopadia. Australasian Lichenology 65: 79.Google Scholar
Elix, J. A. & Wardlaw, J. H. (2002) Fusarubin from a lichen source. Australasian Lichenology 51: 23.Google Scholar
Galindo-Leal, C. & Câmara, I. G. (eds) (2003) The Atlantic Forest of South America: Biodiversity Status, Threats, and Outlook. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Biodiversity Science and Island Press.Google Scholar
Groombridge, B. (ed.) (1992) Global Biodiversity. London: Chapman and Hall, London.Google Scholar
Heywood, V. H. (ed.) (1995) Global Biodiversity Assessment. Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press.Google Scholar
Kalb, K. & Vězda, A. (1987) Einige nicht-foliicole Arten der Familie Ectolechiaceae (Lichenes) aus Brasilien. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 22: 287312.Google Scholar
Lugauskas, A. (2005) Potential toxin producing Micromycetes on food raw material and products of plant origin. Botanica Lithuanica, Suppl. 7: 316Google Scholar
Lumbsch, H. T., Ahti, T., Altermann, S., Amo de Paz, G., Aptroot, A., Arup, U., Bárcenas Peña, A., Bawingan, P. A., Benatti, M. N., Betancourt, L. et al. (2011) One hundred new species of lichenized fungi: a signature of undiscovered global diversity. Phytotaxa 18: 1127.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. (2008) Foliicolous lichenized fungi. Flora Neotropica Monograph 103: 1866.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. & Kalb, K. (2000) Foliikole Flechten aus Brasilien (vornehmlich Amazonien), inklusive einer Checkliste und Bemerkungen zu Coenogonium und Dimerella (Gyalectaceae). Botanische Jahrbücher für Systematik, Pflanzengeschichte und Pflanzengeographie 122: 161.Google Scholar
Lücking, R. & Santesson, R. (2001) New species or interesting records of foliicolous lichens. VIII. Two new taxa from tropical Africa, with a key to sorediate Fellhanera species. Lichenologist 33: 111116.Google Scholar
Lücking, R, Sérusiaux, E., Maia, L. C. & Pereira, C. G. (1998) A revision of the names of foliicolous lichenized fungi published by Batista and co-workers between 1960 and 1975. Lichenologist 30: 121191.Google Scholar
Myers, N., Mittermeier, R. A., Mittermeier, C. G., da Fonseca, G. A. B. & Kent, J. (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403: 853858.Google Scholar
Santesson, R. (1952) Foliicolous lichens I. A revision of the taxonomy of the obligately foliicolous, lichenized fungi. Symbolae Botanicae Upsalienses 12: 1590.Google Scholar
Seavey, F. C. & Seavey, J. L. (2011) Calopadia schomerae (Pilocarpaceae), a lichen from Everglades National Park. Opuscula Philolichenum 9: 3943.Google Scholar
Tabarelli, M., Mantovani, W. & Peres, C. A. (1999) Effects of habitat fragmentation on plant guild structure in the montane Atlantic forest of southeastern Brazil. Biological Conservation 91: 119127.Google Scholar
Tabarelli, M., Pinto, L. P., Silva, J. M. C., Hirota, M. & Bedê, L. (2005) Challenges and opportunities for biodiversity conservation in the Brazilian Atlantic forest. Conservation Biology 19: 695700.Google Scholar
Vězda, A. (1986) Neue Gattungen der Familie Lecideaceae s. lat. (Lichenes). Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica 21: 199219.Google Scholar
Vězda, A. (2004) Neue foliicole Flechten III. Acta Musei Richnoviensis 11: 5772.Google Scholar