Ballais, J-L. 1990. Terrasses de culture et jesours du Mahgreb oriental. Mediterranée 3(4): 51–53.
Bandelier, A. F. 1892. Final Report on Investigations among the Indians of the Southwestern United States, carried on Mainly in the Years from 1880 to 1885. Part 2. Papers of the Archaeological Institute of America, American Series No. 4. Cambridge, Mass.
Baradez, J. 1949. Vue aérienne de l'organisation romaine dans le sud-Algerienne: Fossatum Africae. Paris, Arts et Métiers Graphiques.
Barker, G. W. W. 1981. Early agriculture and economic change in North Africa. In Allan, J.A. (Ed.) The Sahara: ecological change and early economic history. Wisbech Cambridgeshire, Menas Press Ltd: 131–145.
Barker, G. W. W., Gilbertson, D. D., Jones, G. D. B. and Welsby, D. A. 1991. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XXIII: the 1989 season. Libyan Studies 22: 31–60.
Barker, G. W. W., Gilbertson, D. D., Jones, G. D. B. and Mattingly, D. M. 1996. Farming the Desert. The Libyan Valleys Archaeological Survey. Paris, UNESCO.
Barker, G. W. W. and Jones, G. D. B. 1981. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey 1980. Libyan Studies 12: 9–48.
Barker, G. W. W. and Jones, G. D. B. 1982. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey 1979-1981: palaeoeconomy and environmental archaeology in the pre-desert. Libyan Studies 13: 1–34.
Barker, G. W. W. and Jones, G. D. B. 1984. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey VI: investigations of a Romano-Libyan farm, part 1. Libyan Studies 15: 1–44.
Barth, H. 1857. Travels and Discoveries in North and Central Africa. London, Longmans.
Betts, A. V. G. 1982. Prehistoric sites at Qa'a Mejalla, Eastern Jordan. Levant 14: 1–34.
Betts, A.V.G. 1983. Black desert survey, Jordan: first preliminary report. Levant 15: 1–10.
Betts, A.V. G. 1984. Black desert survey, Jordan: second preliminary report. Levant 16: 125-34.
Betts, A. V. G. and Helms, S. W. 1989, A water harvesting and storage system at Ibn el-Ghazzi in eastern Jordan: a preliminary report. Levant 21:3–11.
Betts, A. V. G., Helms, S., Lancaster, W. and Lancaster, F. 1991. The Burqu'Ruweishid Project: preliminary report on the 1989 field season. Levant 23: 7–28.
Biswas, A. K. 1986. Ancient urban water supply systems. Geographical Journal 11: 207–213.
Bonvallot, J. 1979. Comportement des ouvrages de petit hydraulique dans la région de Médenine (Tunisie du Sud) au cours des pluies excéptionelles de Mars 1979. Cahiers O.R.S.T.O.M. ser. Sci. Hum. 16, no. 3: 233–249.
Bonvallot, J. 1986. Tabias et Jessours du Sud Tunisien. Agriculture dans les zones marginales et parade à l'érosion. Cahiers ORSTOM, Séries Pédologie, vol. 22 no 2: 163–171.
Bruins, H. J., Evenari, M. and Nesler, U. 1986. Rainwater harvesting for food production in arid zones: the challenge of the African famine. Applied Geography 6(1): 13–32.
Brunner, U. and Haefner, H. 1986. The successful floodwater farming systems of the Sabeans, Yemen Arab Republic. Applied Geography 6(1): 77–86.
Bryan, K. 1929. Floodwater farming. Geographical Review 19(3): 444–456.
Cunningham, G.M. 1985. Scald reclamation investigations at ‘Grerar’, Nyngan NSW. Western Region Technical Bulletin 25 (Australia).
Cunningham, G. M. 1987. Reclamation of scalded land in Western New South Wales — a review. Journal of the Soil Conservation Service of New South Wales 43: 52–61.
Dore, J. N. 1990. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XX: first report on the pottery. Libyan Studies 20: 9–17.
Dorsett, J. E., Gilbertson, D. D., Hunt, C. O. and Barker, G. W. W. 1984. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey IX: image analysis of Landsat data and its application to environmental and archaeological Surveys. Libyan Studies 15: 71–80.
Dutt, G. R., Hutchinson, C. F. and Anaya Garduno, M. (Eds). 1981. Rainfall Collection in Arid and Semi-Arid Regions. Slough, Commonwealth Agricultural Bureaux.
El-Amami, S. 1983. Traditional technologies and the development of African environments. Utilization of runoff waters: the ‘meskats’ and other techniques in Tunisia. African Environment 3 (3-4); 106–120.
Evenari, M., Shanan, L., and Tadmor, N. 1971. The Negev: the Challenge of a Desert. Cambridge, Mass.Harvard University Press. 1st edition.
Evenari, M., Shanan, L., and Tadmor, N., 1982. The Negev: the Challenge of a Desert. Cambridge, Mass.Harvard University Press. 2nd edition.
Farrington, I. S. and Park, C. C. 1978. Hydraulic engineering and irrigation agriculture in the Moche valley, Peru: c. AD 1250-1532. Journal of Archaeological Science 5: 255–268.
Flower, C. P. and Mattingly, D. J. 1995. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XXVII: mapping and spatial analysis of the Libyan Valleys Data using GIS. Libyan Studies 26: 49–78.
Frasier, G. W. and Myers, L. E. 1983. Handbook of Water Harvesting. Washington, D.C.United States Department of Agriculture Handbook no. 600.
Gale, S. J. and Hunt, C. O. 1986. The hydrological characteristics of a floodwater farming system. Applied Geography 6(1): 33–42.
Gale, S. J., Hunt, C. O. and Gilbertson, D. D. 1986. The infill sequence and water carrying capacity of an ancient irrigation channel: Wadt Gobbeen, Tripolitania. Libyan Studies 17: 1–5.
Gilbertson, D. D. (Ed.) 1986. Runoff farming in rural arid lands. Applied Geography Theme Volume 6(1 and 2).
Gilbertson, D. D., Hayes, P. P., Hunt, C. O. and Barker, G. W. W. 1984. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey VII: a classification and functional analysis of ancient irrigation and wall systems in the Libyan Pre-Desert. Libyan Studies 15: 45–70.
Gilbertson, D. D. and Kennedy, D. L. 1984. An archaeological reconnaissance of water-harvesting structures and wadi walls in the Jordanian Desert, north of Azraq Oasis. Annual of the Department of Antiquities, Amman 28:151–162, 444.
Gilbertson, D. D. and Hunt, C. O.. 1988. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XIX: the Cenozoic geomorphology of the Wadi Merdum, Beni Ulid, in the Libyan Pre-Desert. Libyan Studies 19: 95–121.
Gilbertson, D. D. and Hunt, C. O. 1990. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XXI: geomorphological studies of the Romano-Libyan Farm, its floodwater control structures and weathered building stone at site Lm4, at the confluence of the Wadi el Amud and the Wadi Umm el Bagul in the Libyan Pre-desert. Libyan Studies 21: 25–42.
Gilbertson, D. D., Hunt, C. O. and Fieller, N. R. J. 1993. ULVS XXVI: sedimentological and palynological studies of Holocene environmental changes from a plateau basin infill sequence at Grerat D'nar Salem, near Beni Ulid, in the Tripolitanian Pre-desert. Libyan Studies 24: 1–19.
Gilbertson, D. D., Hunt, C. O., Fieller, N. R. J. and Barker, G. W. W. 1994. The environmental consequences and context of ancient floodwater farming in the Tripolitanian Pre-desert. In Millington, A.C. and Pye, K.E. (Eds) Environmental Change and Geomorphic Processes in Arid Lands. Chichester: John Wiley: 229–251.
Goodchild, R. G. and Ward-Perkins, J. B. 1949. The Limes Tripolitanus in the light of recent discoveries. Journal of Roman Studies 39:81–95.
Helms, S. 1981. Jawa: Lost City of the Black Desert. London, Methuen.
Herold, L. C. 1970. Trincheras and physical environment along the Rio Gavilan, Chihuahua, Mexico. Denver, Colorado. University of Denver, Department of Geography, Publications in Geography, Technical Paper Number 65-1.
Hunt, C. O., Gilbertson, D. D., Van de Veen, M., Jenkinson, R. D. S., Yates, G. and Buckland, P. C. 1987. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XVII: the palaeoecology and agriculture of the abandonment Phase at Gasr MM 10, Wadi Mimoun in the Tripolitanian Pre-desert. Libyan Studies 18: 1–14.
Hunt, C. O., Mattingly, D. J., Gilbertson, D. D., Barker, G. W. W., Dore, J. N., Burns, J. R., Fleming, A. M. and Van der Veen, M. 1986. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XIII: interdisciplinary approaches to ancient farming in the Wadi Mansur, Tripolitania. Libyan Studies 17: 7–47.
IFAD. 1992. Soil and Water Conservation in Sub-Saharan Africa: towards sustainable production by the rural poor. Report for the International Fund for Agricultural Development by the Centre for Development Co-operation Services of the Free University of Amsterdam.
Jones, G. D. B. and Barker, G. W. W. 1983. The UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey IV: the 1981 season. Libyan Studies 14: 39–68.
Kennedy, D. L. 1982. Archaeological Explorations on the Roman Frontier in North East Jordan. Oxford, British Archaeological Reports International Series 134.
Kirkbride, D. 1966. Five seasons at the pre-pottery Neolithic village of Beida, Jordan. Palestine Exploration Quarterly 98: 8–72.
Le Baron Bowen, R. 1958. Irrigation in ancient Qataban (Beihan). In Le Baron Brown, R. and Albright, F.P. (Eds) Archaeological Discoveries in South Arabia. Baltimore, Johns Hopkins Press: 43–131.
Luebben, R. A., Andelson, J. G. and Herold, L. C. 1986. Elvino Whetton Pueblo and its relationship to terraces and nearby small structures, Chihuahua, Mexico. The Kiva 51(3): 165–187.
Maitland, R. A. 1927. The works of the ‘Old Men’ in Arabia. Antiquity 1: 197.
Mayerson, P. 1960. The Ancient Agricultural Regime of Nessana and the Central Negeb. London, The Colt Archaeological Institute and The British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem.
Myers, L. E. 1975. Water-harvesting 2000 B.C. to 1974 A.D.Proceedings of the Water Harvesting Symposium, Phoenix, Arizona, ARS W-22, USDA: 1–7.
Nabhan, G.P. 1979. The ecology of floodwater farming in arid south-western North America. Agro-Ecosystems 5: 245–255.
Nabhan, G. P. 1986a. Papago Indian desert agriculture and water control in the Sonoran Desert, 1697-1934. Applied Geography 6(1): 43–59.
Nabhan, G. P. 1986b. Ak-cin ‘arroyo-mouth’ and the environmental setting of Papago Indian fields in the Sonoran Desert. Applied Geography 6(1): 61–75.
Nabhan, G. P. and Sheridan, T. E. 1977. Living fencerows of the Rio San Miguel, Sonora, Mexico; traditional technology of floodplain management. Human Ecology 5: 97–111.
Pacey, A with Cullis, A. 1986. Rainwater Harvesting: the collection of rainfall and run-off in rural areas. London, Intermediate Technology Productions.
Reij, C. 1991. Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation in Africa. London, International Institute for the Environment and Development, Gatekeeper Series no. SA27.
Reij, C., Mulder, P. and Begemann, L. 1988. Water Harvesting for Plant Production. Washington, World Bank Technical Paper no. 91.
Rhodes, D. W. 1987. Waterponding banks — design, layout and construction. Journal of Soil Conservation of New South Wales 43: 80–83.
Rhodes, D. W. and Ringrose-Voase, A. J. 1987. Changes in soil properties during scald reclamation by waterponding. Journal of Soil Conservation of New South Wales 43: 84–90.
Roberts, N. 1977. Water conservation in ancient Arabia. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 7: 134–146.
Rohn, A. H. 1963. Prehistoric soil and water conservation on Chapin Mesa, south-western Colorado. American Antiquity 28(4): 441–455.
Ron, Z. Y. D. 1985. Development and management of irrigation systems in mountainous regions of the Holy Land. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers NS10: 149–169.
Shaw, B. D. 1982. Lamasba: an ancient irrigation community. Antiquités africaines 18: 61–103.
Tixeront, J. 1959. Réflexions sur l'implantation ancienne de l'agriculture en Tunisie. Karthago 10(3): 3–50.
Van der Veen, M. 1992. Garamantian agriculture: the plant remains from Zinchecra, Fezzan. Libyan Studies 23: 7–39.
van der Wal, A. and Zaal, F. 1990. Bibliography on Indigenous Soil and Water Conservation with Special Reference to Africa. Amsterdam, Center for Development Cooperation Services, Vreije Universiteit.
Varisco, D. M. 1983. Irrigating in an Arabian Valley — a system of highland terraces in the Yemen Arab Republic. Expedition 25: 26–34.
Vogel, H. 1987. Impoundment-type bench terracing with underground conduits in Jibal Harz, Yemen Arab republic. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers NS13: 29–38.
Vogel, H. 1988. Deterioration of a mountainous agro-ecosystem in the Third World due to emigration of rural labour. Mountain Research and Development 8(4): 321–329.
Welsby, D. A. 1992. UNESCO Libyan Valleys Survey XXV: The gsur and associated settlements in the Wadi Umm el-Kharab: an architectural survey. Libyan Studies 23: 73–99.
Woodbury, R. B. 1961. Prehistoric agriculture at Point of Pines, Arizona. Memoirs of the Society for American Archaeology 17.
Yair, A. 1983. Hillslope hydrology water-harvesting and areal distribution of some ancient agricultural systems in the northern Negev desert. Journal of Arid Environments 6: 283–301.