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The Fezzan Project 2001: Preliminary report on the fifth season of work

  • D.J. Mattingly (a1), N. Brooks (a2), F. Cole, J. Dore (a3), N. Drake (a4), A. Leone (a1), S. Hay (a5), S. McLaren (a6), P. Newson (a1), H. Parton (a7), R. Pelling (a8), J. Preston (a9), T. Reynolds (a10), I. Schrüfer-Kolb (a1), D. Thomas (a1), A. Tindall (a11), A. Townsend (a12) and K. White (a2)...

Abstract

The Fezzan Project completed its five-year fieldwork cycle in 2001. The geographical research team located numerous additional palaeolake sites within the Edeyen Ubari, using a combination of Remote Sensing technology and field visits. Additional samples were taken for analysis and dating from many lake edge locations, relating to both the large Pleistocene lake and to the numerous smaller Holocene lakes that have been identified by the team. The excavations at Old Germa were taken down through Garamantian occupation levels to the natural subsoil below the earliest cultural horizon. The earliest activity, represented by a few mudbrick walls and hearths built directly on the natural soil, is believed to date to c. 400-300 BC. Traces of several phases of Garamantian buildings were uncovered, along with numerous rubbish pits, which yielded a rich assemblage of finds, including, for the first time, examples of Garamantian figurines, small 3-D sculptures of humans and animals. Work on the various classes of finds (pottery, small finds, lithics and other stone artefacts, metallurgical evidence, etc.) complemented the excavation work. In addition, a small amount of further survey work was carried out on sites in the Wadi al-Ajal, along with a contour survey of Old Germa and standing building survey at a number of other sites.

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