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Dual Strategies of the Rural Elites: Exploring the Intersection of Regional and Local Transformations in the Lurin Valley, Perú

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  20 January 2017

Giancarlo Marcone
Affiliation:
Proyecto Qhapaq Nan, Ministerio de Culture del Perú, Av. Javier Prado Este 2465. San Borja, Lima Perú, (gmarcone@mcultura.gob.pe)
Enrique López-Hurtado
Affiliation:
Instituto de Estudios Perúanos, Horacio Urteaga 694, Jesús María, Lima, Perú, (elopez@iep.org.pe)

Abstract

In this paper, we examine recently recovered data from two sites belonging to different chronological periods in the Lurin j Valley of the Perúvian central coast. We discuss in a comparative framework how rural elites in the settlements ofLote B \ and Panquilma saw their lives transformed while dealing with the intrusion of the Lima polity and the Inkas, respectively. Each site presents evidence of at least two sets of ritual and feasting activities, one in domestic contexts and another associated with monumental architecture. We propose that in both cases the rural elites of these two sites implemented a set of mutually constituted strategies when dealing with outside political influence. These strategies were oriented upwards to deal with changes at the regional level as well as downwards to maintain their privileged position in their own communities during moments of change. These parallel strategies were developed through a complex interplay of economics, ideology, and public prestige available to the elites. In the case of Lote B, the rural elites acquired economic power, consolidating a loose level of leadership by sacrificing part of their public prestige. At Panquilma, we find evidence for the existence of rural elites with a solid economic position who were compelled to search for legitimization and prestige in the local realm rather than by participating in a new and larger economic system.

Resumen

Resumen

En el presente artículo comparamos los datos obtenidos de las excavaciones realizadas en dos sitios de diferentes periodos, j ubicados en el valle de Lurín, en la costa central Perúana. Nuestro análisis de los asentamientos de Lote B y Panquilma j examina comparativamente cómo las élites rurales vieron sus vidas transformadas, en tanto que tuvieron que hacer frente a I la intromisión de los Lima yala expansión Inca, respectivamente. En estos dos sitios las excavaciones revelaron la presencia j de al menos dos conjuntos rituales, uno realizado en contextos domésticos y otro llevado a cabo dentro de la arquitectura \ monumental. Nosotros proponemos que en ambos casos, las élites rurales establecidas en estos dos sitios implementaron estrategias paralelas de respuesta a las influencias politicas externas. Estas estrategias fueron orientadas en algunos casos hacia arriba, para hacer frente a los cambios en el nivel regional, y en otros hacia abajo, para mantener su positión privilegiada dentro de sus propias comunidades durante estos momentos de cambio político. Dichas estrategias se desarrollaron a través de una compleja interactión entre factores económicos e ideológicos, en función de las nuevas oportunidades derivadas del cambio a nivel regional. Nuestro estudio demostró que, para las elites de Lote B, la búsqueda del poder económico y de la I consolidación su liderazgo, terminó ocasionando la pérdida de independencia y prestigio social. En Panquilma se demuestra j la existencia de una elite rural económicamente sólida, inmersa en la búsqueda de legitimatión y prestigio en el ámbito regional, más que su participatión en un nuevo sistema económico.

Type
Articles
Copyright
Copyright © Society for American Archaeology 2015

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