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A Neurophysiological Study of Semantic Processing in Parkinson’s Disease

  • Anthony J. Angwin (a1), Nadeeka N.W. Dissanayaka (a2) (a3), Alison Moorcroft (a1), Katie L. McMahon (a4), Peter A. Silburn (a2) (a3) and David A. Copland (a1) (a2)...

Abstract

Objectives: Cognitive-linguistic impairments in Parkinson’s disease (PD) have been well documented; however, few studies have explored the neurophysiological underpinnings of semantic deficits in PD. This study investigated semantic function in PD using event-related potentials. Methods: Eighteen people with PD and 18 healthy controls performed a semantic judgement task on written word pairs that were either congruent or incongruent. Results: The mean amplitude of the N400 for new incongruent word pairs was similar for both groups, however the onset latency was delayed in the PD group. Further analysis of the data revealed that both groups demonstrated attenuation of the N400 for repeated incongruent trials, as well as attenuation of the P600 component for repeated congruent trials. Conclusions: The presence of N400 congruity and N400 repetition effects in the PD group suggests that semantic processing is generally intact, but with a slower time course as evidenced by the delayed N400. Additional research will be required to determine whether N400 and P600 repetition effects are sensitive to further cognitive decline in PD. (JINS, 2017, 23, 78–89)

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Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to:Anthony Angwin, University of Queensland, School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, Brisbane, Queensland, 4072 Australia E-mail: a.angwin@uq.edu.au

References

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Keywords

A Neurophysiological Study of Semantic Processing in Parkinson’s Disease

  • Anthony J. Angwin (a1), Nadeeka N.W. Dissanayaka (a2) (a3), Alison Moorcroft (a1), Katie L. McMahon (a4), Peter A. Silburn (a2) (a3) and David A. Copland (a1) (a2)...

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