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Measuring Cognition in Bipolar Disorder with Psychosis Using the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery

  • Sarah H. Sperry (a1) (a2), Lauren K. O’Connor (a1), Dost Öngür (a1) (a3), Bruce M. Cohen (a1) (a3), Matcheri S. Keshavan (a3) (a4) and Kathryn E. Lewandowski (a1) (a3)...

Abstract

Given the substantial overlap in cognitive dysfunction between bipolar disorder (BD) and schizophrenia (SZ), we examined the utility of the MATRICS Consensus Cognitive Battery (MCCB)—developed for use in SZ—for the measurement of cognition in patients with BD with psychosis (BDP) and its association with community functioning. The MCCB, Multnomah Community Ability Scale, and measures of clinical symptoms were administered to participants with BDP (n=56), SZ (n=37), and healthy controls (HC) (n=57). Groups were compared on clinical and cognitive measures; linear regressions examined associations between MCCB and community functioning. BDP and SZ groups performed significantly worse than HC on most neurocognitive domains; BDP and HC did not differ on Social Cognition. Patients with BDP performed better than patients with SZ on most cognitive measures, although groups only differed on social cognition, working memory, verbal memory, and the composite after controlling for clinical variables. MCCB was not associated with community functioning. The MCCB is an appropriate measure of neurocognition in BDP but does not appear to capture social cognitive deficits in this population. The addition of appropriate social cognitive measures is recommended. (JINS, 2015, 21, 468–472)

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Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to: Sarah H. Sperry, Department of Psychology, UNC-Greensboro, P.O. Box 26170, Greensboro, NC 27402-6170. E-mail: shsperry@uncg.edu

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