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Auditory interhemispheric transfer in relation to patterns of partial agenesis and hypoplasia of the corpus callosum in spina bifida meningomyelocele

  • H. JULIA HANNAY (a1), AMY WALKER (a1), MAUREEN DENNIS (a2), LARRY KRAMER (a3), SUSAN BLASER (a4) and JACK M. FLETCHER (a1)...

Abstract

Spina bifida meningomyelocele with hydrocephalus (SBM) is commonly associated with anomalies of the corpus callosum (CC). We describe MRI patterns of regional CC agenesis and relate CC anomalies to functional laterality based on a dichotic listening test in 90 children with SBM and 27 typically developing controls. Many children with SBM (n = 40) showed regional CC anomalies in the form of agenesis of the rostrum and/or splenium, and a smaller number (n = 20) showed hypoplasia (thinning) of all CC regions (rostrum, genu, body, and splenium). The expected right ear advantage (REA) was exhibited by normal controls and children with SBM having a normal or hypoplastic splenium. It was not shown by children with SBM who were left handed, missing a splenium, or had a higher level spinal cord lesion. Perhaps the right hemisphere of these children is more involved in processing some aspects of linguistic stimuli. (JINS, 2008, 14, 771–781.)

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Copyright

Corresponding author

Correspondence and reprint requests to: H. Julia Hannay, Department of Psychology, Heyne Building, University of Houston, 4800 Calhoun, Houston, TX 77204-5052. E-mail: jhannay@uh.edu

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