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Construct validity of cognitive reserve in a multiethnic cohort: The Northern Manhattan Study

Published online by Cambridge University Press:  01 July 2009

KAREN L. SIEDLECKI
Affiliation:
Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York
YAAKOV STERN*
Affiliation:
Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York
AARON REUBEN
Affiliation:
Cognitive Neuroscience Division, Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York
RALPH L. SACCO
Affiliation:
Division of Cognitive Disorders, Department of Neurology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida Evelyn F. McKnight Center for Age Related Memory Loss, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida
MITCHELL S.V. ELKIND
Affiliation:
Department of Neurology, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Columbia University, New York, New York
CLINTON B. WRIGHT
Affiliation:
Division of Cognitive Disorders, Department of Neurology, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida Evelyn F. McKnight Center for Age Related Memory Loss, Miller School of Medicine, University of Miami, Miami, Florida
*
*Correspondence and reprint requests to: Yaakov Stern, Cognitive Neuroscience Division, College of Physicians and Surgeons, Taub Institute for Research in Alzheimer’s Disease and the Aging Brain, Columbia University, 630 West 168th Street, New York, New York 10032. E-mail: ys11@columbia.edu

Abstract

Cognitive reserve is a hypothetical construct that has been used to inform models of cognitive aging and is presumed to be indicative of life experiences that may mitigate the effects of brain pathology. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the construct validity of cognitive reserve by examining both its convergent and its discriminant validity across three different samples of participants using structural equation modeling. The cognitive reserve variables were found to correlate highly with one another (thereby providing evidence of convergent validity), but demanding tests of discriminant validity indicated that, in two of the samples, the cognitive reserve construct was highly related to an executive functioning construct. (JINS, 2009, 15, 558–569.)

Type
Research Articles
Copyright
Copyright © The International Neuropsychological Society 2009

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