Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
×
Home

Natural Goals of Actions in Aristotle

  • HENDRIK LORENZ (a1)

Abstract:

I argue that there are, according to Aristotle, two importantly different kinds of goals or ends in the domain of human agency and that one of these two kinds has been frequently, though not universally, overlooked. Apart from psychological goals, goals that agents adopt as their purposes, there are also, I submit, goals that actions have by being the kinds of actions they are and, in some cases, by occurring in the circumstances in which they do. These latter goals belong to suitable actions whether or not agents adopt them as purposes and whether or not agents are aware of them. There is evidence both in Aristotle's ethical writings and in his discussion of chance and luck in Physics II.4–6 that he recognizes goals of this latter kind.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bonitz, H. (1870) Index Aristotelicus. 2d ed.Berlin: Königliche Preussische Akademie der Wissenschaften.
Broadie, Sarah, and Rowe, Christopher. (2002) Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics: Translation, Introduction, and Commentary. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Charlton, William. (1970) Aristotle's Physics Books I and II. Translated with introduction and commentary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Diels, Hermann. (1882) Simplicii in Aristotelis Physicorum Libros Quattuor Priores Commentaria. Berlin: Reimer.
Dudley, John. (2012) Aristotle's Concept of Chance: Accidents, Cause, Necessity, and Determinism. Albany, NY: State University of New York Press.
Freeland, Cynthia. (1985) ‘Aristotelian Actions’. Noûs, 19, 397414.
Freeland, Cynthia. (1991) ‘Accidental Causes and Real Explanations’. In Judson, L. (ed.), Aristotle's Physics: A Collection of Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 49–72.
Irwin, Terence. (1999) Aristotle: Nicomachean Ethics. 2d ed.Indianapolis/Cambridge: Hackett.
Johnson, Monte Ransome (2005) Aristotle on Teleology. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Judson, Lindsay. (1991) ‘Chance and “Always or For the Most Part” in Aristotle’. In Judson, L. (ed.), Aristotle's Physics: A Collection of Essays (Oxford: Clarendon Press), 73–99.
Kraut, Richard. (1989) Aristotle on the Human Good. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.
Lennox, James. (2001) ‘Aristotle on Chance’. In J. Lennox, Aristotle's Philosophy of Biology: Studies in the Origins of Life Science (Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press), 250–58.
Leunissen, Mariska. (2010) Explanation and Teleology in Aristotle's Science of Nature. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press.
Mai, Angelo, and Zohrabian, John. (1818) Eusebii Pamphili Chronicorum Canonum Libri Duo. Milan: Regiis Typis.
Meyer, Susan Sauvé. (1992) ‘Aristotle, Teleology, and Reduction’. Philosophical Review, 101, 791825.
Meyer, Susan Sauvé. (1993) Aristotle on Moral Responsibility. Oxford: Blackwell (reissued 2011 by Oxford University Press).
Ross, W. D. (1936) Aristotle's Physics. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Woods, Michael. (1992) Aristotle's Eudemian Ethics Books I, II, and VIII/Translated with a commentary. Oxford: Clarendon Press.
Recommend this journal

Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this journal to your organisation's collection.

Journal of the American Philosophical Association
  • ISSN: 2053-4477
  • EISSN: 2053-4485
  • URL: /core/journals/journal-of-the-american-philosophical-association
Please enter your name
Please enter a valid email address
Who would you like to send this to? *
×

Keywords

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed