Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Mississippian coral latitudinal diversity gradients (western interior United States): Testing the limits of high resolution diversity data

  • Gregory E. Webb (a1), William J. Sando (a2) and Anne Raymond (a1)

Abstract

Analysis of high resolution diversity data for Mississippian corals in the western interior United States yielded mild latitudinal diversity gradients despite the small geographic area covered by samples and a large influence on diversity patterns by geographic sampling intensity (sample bias). Three competing plate tectonic reconstructions were tested using the diversity patterns. Although none could be forcefully rejected, one reconstruction proved less consistent with diversity patterns than the other two and additional coral diversity data from farther north in Canada would better discriminate the two equivalent reconstructions.

Despite the relatively high sampling intensity represented by the analyzed database, diversity patterns were greatly affected by sample abundance and distribution. Hence, some effort at recognizing and accounting for sample bias should be undertaken in any study of latitudinal diversity gradients. Small-scale geographic lumping of sample localities had only small effects on geographic diversity patterns. However, large-scale (e.g., regional) geographic lumping of diversity data may not yield latitudinally sensitive diversity patterns. Temporal changes in coral diversity in this region reflect changes in eustacy, local tectonism, and terrigenous sediment flux, far more than they do shifting latitude. Highest regional diversity occurred during the interval when the studied region occupied the highest latitude. Therefore, diversity data from different regions may not be comparable, in terms of latitudinal inference. Small-scale stratigraphic lumping of the data caused a nearly complete loss of the latitudinal diversity patterns apparent prior to lumping. Hence, the narrowest possible stratigraphic resolution should be maintained in analyzing latitudinal diversity gradients.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Bambach, R. K. 1990. Late Palaeozoic provinciality in the marine realm, p. 307323. In McKerrow, W. S., and Scotese, C. R. (eds.), Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography. Geological Society Memoir, 12.
Belasky, P. 1992. Assessment of sampling bias in biogeography by means of a probabilistic estimate of taxonomic diversity: application to modern Indo-Pacific reef corals. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 99:243270.
Belasky, P. 1994. Biogeography of Permian corals and the determination of longitude in tectonic reconstructions of the Paleopacific region, p. 621646. In Embry, A. F., Beauchamp, B., and Glass, D. J. (eds.), Pangea: Global Environments and Resources. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir, 17.
Belasky, P., and Runnegar, B. 1993. Biogeographic constraints for tectonic reconstructions of the Pacific region. Geology, 21:979982.
Belasky, P., and Runnegar, B. 1994. Permian longitudes of Wrangellia, Stikinia, and Eastern Klamath terranes based on coral biogeography. Geology, 22:10951098.
Fedorowski, J. 1981. Carboniferous corals: distribution and sequence. Acta Paleontologica Polonica, 26:87160.
Golonka, J., Ross, M. I., and Scotese, C. R. 1994. Phanerozoic palaeogeographic and palaeoclimatic modeling maps, p. 147. In Embry, A. F., Beauchamp, B., and Glass, D. J. (eds.), Pangea: Global Environments and Resources. Canadian Society of Petroleum Geologists Memoir 17.
Hallam, A. 1984. Distribution of marine invertebrates in relation to climate, p. 107124. In Brenchley, P. (ed.), Fossils and Climate. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.
Henderson, R. A., and Heron, M. L. 1977. A probabilistic method of paleobiogeographic analysis. Lethaia, 10:115.
Jablonski, D. 1993. The tropics as a source of evolutionary novelty through geological time. Nature, 364:142144.
Kelley, P. H., Raymond, A., and Lutken, C. B. 1990. Carboniferous brachiopod migration and latitudinal diversity: a new paleoclimatic method, p. 325332. In McKerrow, W. S., and Scotese, C. R. (eds.), Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography. Geological Society Memoir, 12.
Koch, C. F., and Morgan, J. P. 1988. On the expected distribution of species' ranges. Paleobiology, 14:126138.
Ma, T. Y. H. 1937. On the seasonal growth of Palaeozoic tetracorals and the climate during the Devonian Period. Palaeontologia Sinica, Series B, 2(3):197.
Ma, T. Y. H. 1954. Climate and the relative positions of the continents during the Lower Carboniferous period. Acta Geologia Taiwanica, 6:186.
Ma, T. Y. H. 1960. Climate and the relative positions of the continents during the Permian as deduced from the growth rate of reef corals. Geological Society of China Proceedings, 4:91102.
Mamet, B. L., and Skipp, B. A. L. 1970a. Lower Carboniferous calcareous Foraminifera; preliminary zonation and stratigraphic implications for the Mississippian of North America. Compte Rendu, 6th International Congress of Carboniferous Stratigraphy and Geology, Sheffield, 3:11291146.
Mamet, B. L., and Skipp, B. A. L. 1970b. Preliminary foraminiferal correlations of Early Carboniferous strata in the North American Cordillera, p. 327348. In Colloque sur la stratigraphie du Carbonifere. Liege University, Congres et Colloques, 55.
Mckerrow, W. S., and Scotese, C. R. 1990. Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography. Geological Society Memoir, 12, 435 p.
Newton, C. R. 1990. Palaeobiogeography, p. 452460. In Briggs, D. E. G., and Crowther, P. R. (eds.), Palaeobiology: a Synthesis. Blackwell, London.
Oliver, W. A. Jr., and Pedder, A. E. H. 1989. Origins, migrations, and extinctions of Devonian Rugosa on the North American Plate. Association of Australasian Palaeontologists Memoir 8:231237.
Pedder, A. E. H., and Oliver, W. A. Jr. 1990. Rugose coral distribution as a test of Devonian palaeogeographic models, p. 267275. In McKerrow, W. S., and Scotese, C. R. (eds.), Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography. Geological Society Memoire, 12.
Pickett, J., and Wu, W. S. 1990. The succession of Early Carboniferous coral faunas in eastern Australia and China. Alcheringa, 14:89108.
Raymond, A., Kelley, P. H., and Lutken, C. B. 1989. Polar glaciers and life at the equator: the history of Dinantian and Namurian (Carboniferous) climate. Geology, 17:408411.
Raymond, A., Kelley, P. H., and Lutken, C. B. 1990. Dead by degrees: articulate brachiopods, paleoclimate and the mid-Carboniferous extinction event. Palaios, 5:111123.
Rodriguez, S., Sando, W. J., and Kullmann, J. 1986. Utility of corals for biostratigraphic and zoogeographic analyses of the Carboniferous in the Cantabrian Mountains, northern Spain. Trabejos de Geologia, 16:3760.
Rohde, K. 1992. Latitudinal diversity gradients in species diversity: the search for the primary cause. Oikos, 65:514527.
Rosen, B. R. 1984. Reef coral biogeography and climate through the late Cainozoic: just islands in the sun or a critical pattern of islands?, p. 201260. In Brenchley, P. (ed.), Fossils and Climate. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.
Sando, W. J. 1977. North American Mississippian coral biostratigraphy, p. 483496. In Kauffman, E. G. and Hazel, J. E. (eds.), Concepts and Methods of Biostratigraphy. Dowden, Hutchinson and Ross, Stroudsburg, Pennsylvania.
Sando, W. J. 1980. The paleoecology of Mississippian corals in the western conterminous United States. Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, 25:619631.
Sando, W. J. 1989. Dynamics of Carboniferous coral distribution, western interior USA. Association of Australasian Palaeontologists Memoir 8:251265.
Sando, W. J., and Bamber, E. W. 1985. Coral zonation of the Mississippian System in the western Interior province of North America. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1334, 61 p.
Sando, W. J., and Bamber., E. W. and Armstrong, A. K. 1977. The zoogeography of North American Mississippian corals. Bureau de Recherches Geologiques et Minieres Memoire 89:175184.
Speed, R. C., Silberling, N. J., Elison, M. W., Nichols, K. M., and Snyder, W. S. 1989. Early Mesozoic tectonics of the western Great Basin, Nevada. American Geophysical Union Field Trip Guidebook T-122, 54 p.
Stehli, F. G. 1968. Taxonomic diversity gradients in pole location: the Recent model, p. 163227. In Drake, E. T. (ed.), Evolution and Environment. Yale University Press, New Haven.
Valentine, J. W. 1984. Neogene marine climate trends: implications for biogeography and evolution of the shallow-sea biota. Geology, 12:647650.
Webb, G. E. 1990. Lower Carboniferous coral fauna of the Rockhampton Group, east–central Queensland. Association of Australasian Palaeontologists Memoir, 10:1167.
Witzke, B. J. 1990. Palaeoclimatic constraints for Palaeozoic palaeolatitudes of Laurentia and Euramerica, p. 5773. In McKerrow, W. S., and Scotese, C. R. (eds.), Palaeozoic Palaeogeography and Biogeography. Geological Society Memoir, 12.
Ziegler, A. M., Bambach, R. K., Parrish, J. T., Barrett, S. F., Gierlowski, E. H., Parker, W. C., Raymond, A., and Sepkoski, J. J. Jr. 1981. Paleozoic biogeography and climatology, p. 231266. In Niklas, K. J. (ed.), Paleobotany, Paleoecology, and Evolution, 2. Praeger, New York.
Ziegler, A. M., Hulver, M. L., Lottes, A. L., and Schmachtenberg, W. F. 1984. Uniformitarianism and palaeoclimate: inferences from the distribution of carbonate rocks, p. 325. In Brenchley, P. (ed.), Fossils and Climate. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester.
Ziegler, P. A. 1989. Evolution of Laurussia. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, 102 p.

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Mississippian coral latitudinal diversity gradients (western interior United States): Testing the limits of high resolution diversity data

  • Gregory E. Webb (a1), William J. Sando (a2) and Anne Raymond (a1)

Metrics

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.