Skip to main content Accessibility help

Large-sized Early Permian “caninioid” corals from the Karavanke Mountains, Slovenia

  • Olga L. Kossovaya (a1) (a2), Matevž Novak (a3) and Dieter Weyer (a4)


A new monospecific “caninioid” genus, Preisingerella n. gen., from the lower Permian of the Karavanke Mountains (Southern Alps, Slovenia) is erected. The type species is Preisingerella stegovnikensis n. sp. The new taxon can be differentiated from other Caninia-type genera by its specific ontogeny and features of its dissepimentarium. Corals with such morphology had a wide distribution during the Carboniferous and early Permian, occurring in mostly shallow-water carbonate rocks. The phylogenetic relationships within this group are mostly unclear due to similarities in the adult stages. The earlier stages reveal the main distinguishing features that are decisive for a generic assignment, but these have rarely been well preserved and properly considered. The new taxon is compared with related genera of the Cyathopsidae and species of Caninella Gorskiy, 1938 characterized by lateral dissepiments. Large numbers of specimens of the new species, representing a monospecific assemblage, have been collected from the Born Formation at Mt. Stegovnik. Sedimentological and microfacies characteristics, as well as macro- and microfossil assemblages, underline this correlation. The fusulinoidean assemblage of the Born Formation, with Sphaeroschwagerina carniolica (Kahler and Kahler, 1937), as the predominant species, corresponds to the time span between the Sphaeroschwagerina moelleri-Schwagerina fecunda and Pseudofusulina moelleri zones, indicating a late Asselian to early Sakmarian age in the Southern Urals.



Hide All
Alloiteau, J., 1952, Madréporaires post-paléozoiques, in Piveteau, J., Traité de Paléontologie: Masson, Paris, v. 1, p. 539–684.
Beede, J.W., and Kniker, H.T., 1924, Species of the genus Schwagerina and their stratigraphic significance: University of Texas Bulletin, v. 2433, p. 196.
Boland, K., 1997, Caninoid Rugose Corals of the Lower Tournaisian (Hastarian) of Belgium: systematics and evolution, in Perejón N.A., and Comas-Rengifo, M.J., eds., Proceedings of the VII International Symposium on Fossil Cnidaria and Porifera held in Madrid, Spain, 1995: Boletin de la Real Sociedad Española de Historia natural, Sección Geológica, v. 91(1–4), p. 7384.
Buser, S., and Forke, H.C., 1996, Lower Permian conodonts from the Karavanke Mts. (Slovenia): Geologija, v. 37/38(for 1994/95), p. 153171 DOI:10.5474/geologija.1995.006.
Carruthers, R.G., 1908, A Revision of some Carboniferous Corals: Geological Magazine, new series, v. 5, p. 2031. 63–74, 158–171.
Carruthers, R.G., 1913, Lophophyllum and Cyathaxonia: Revision Notes on two genera of Carboniferous Corals: Geological Magazine, new series, decade 5, v. 10(2), p. 4956.
Chwieduk, E., 2009, Early Permian solitary rugose corals from Kruseryggen (Treskelodden Fm., Hornsund area, southern Spitsbergen): Geologos, v. 15(1), p. 5775.
Chwieduk, E., 2013, Palaeogeographical and palaeoecological significance of the Uppermost Carboniferous and Permian rugose corals of Spitsbergen: Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu, seria geologia, v. 23, p. 1270.
Davydov, V.I., and Popov, A.V., 1986, Razrezy verkhnego karbona i nizhney permi Yuzhnogo Urala, in Chuvashov, B.I., Leven, E, Ya., and Davydov, V.I., eds., Pogranichnye otlozheniya karbona i permi Urala, Priurala i Sredney Azii (biostratigrafiya i korrelyatsiya): Izdatatel'stvo Nauka, Moskva, p. 2933. [in Russian].
Davydov, V.I., Snyder, W.S., and Spinosa, C., 1997, Fusulinacean biostratigraphy of the Upper Paleozoic of the southern Urals, in Ross, C.A., Ross, J., and Brenckle, P.L., eds., Late Paleozoic Foraminifera: their biostratigraphy, evolution, and paleoecology; and the Mid-Carboniferous boundary: Cushman Foundation for Foraminiferal Research, Special Publication, v. 36, p. 2730.
Denayer, J., Poty, E., and Aretz, M., 2011, Uppermost Devonian and Dinantian rugose corals from southern Belgium and surrounding areas: Kölner Forum für Geologie und Paläontologie, v. 20, p. 151201.
d’Orbigny, A., 1849, Note sur des polypiers fossiles: Paris, Victor Masson, 12 p.
Douglas, J.A., 1936, A Permo-Carboniferous fauna from south-west Persia (Iran): Palaeontologia Indica, Memoirs of the Geological Survey of India, new series, v. 22(6), p. 159.
Dunbar, C.O., and Skinner, J.W., 1936, Schwagerina versus Pseudoschwagerina and Paraschwagerina : Journal of Paleontology, v. 10, p. 8389.
Dybowski, W., 1873–1874, Monographie der Zoantharia sclerodermata rugosa aus der Silurformation Estlands, Nord-Livlands and der Insel Gotland: Archiv für die Naturkunde Liv-, Ehst- und Kurlands, serie 1, v. 5 (3,4), p. 257414.
Fan, Y.-N., Yu, X.-G., He, Y.-X., Pan, Y.-T., Li, X., Wang, F.-Y., Tang, D.-J., Chen, S.-J., Zhao, P.-R., and Liu, J.-J., 2003, The Late Palaeozoic rugose corals of Xizang (Tibet) and adjacent regions and their palaeobiogeography: National Natural Science Foundation of China, Series of Geoscience, v. 1–4, p. 1679. [in Chinese].
Faurot, L., 1909, Affinités des Tétracoralliaires et des Hexacoralliaires: Annales de Paléontologie, v. 4, p. 69108. [in French].
Fedorowski, J., 1975, On some Upper Carboniferous Coelenterata from Bjørnøya and Spitsbergen: Acta Geologica Polonica, v. 25, p. 2778.
Fedorowski, J., 2015, On the genus Bothrophyllum Trautschold, 1879 (Anthozoa, Rugosa): Acta Geologica Polonica, v. 66(1), p. 141.
Fedorowski, J., Bamber, E.W., and Stevens, C.H., 2007, Lower Permian colonial rugose corals, western and northwestern Pangaea, taxonomy and distribution: NRC Research Press, Ottawa, p. 1231.
Flügel, H.W., 1993, Arctophyllum Fedorowski 1975 (Rugosa) aus dem Unter-Perm (Sakmara-Stufe) von Nif, SW-Anatolien: Senckenbergiana lethaea, v. 73(1), p. 2530.
Fomichev, V.D., 1939, Tip Kishechnopolostnye. Coelenterata, in Gorskiy, I.I., ed., Atlas rukovodyashchikh form iskopaemykh faun SSSR. Tom V. Sredniy i verkhniy otdely kamennougol'noy sistemy [The atlas of the leading forms of the fossil faunas of USSR. Volume V. The Middle and Upper Carboniferous]: Tsentral’nyy Nauchno-Issledovatel’skiy Geologo-Razvedochnyy Institut [TsNIGRI], izdatel’stvo GONTI, Leningrad Moskva, p. 50–64, 166–168. [in Russian].
Fomichev, V.D., 1953, Korally Rugosa i stratigrafiya sredne- i verkhnekamennougol'nykh i permskikh otlozheniy Donetskogo basseyna [Rugosa corals and stratigraphy of the middle and upper Carboniferous and Permian deposits of the Donets Basin]: Trudy, Vsesoyuznyy Nauchno-Issledovatel'skiy Geologicheskiy Institut (VSEGEI), Gosgeolizdat, p. 1622. [in Russian].
Forke, H.C., 2002, Biostratigraphic subdivision and correlation of uppermost Carboniferous/Lower Permian sediments in the Southern Alps: fusulinoidean and conodont faunas from the Carnic Alps (Austria/Italy), Karavanke Mountains (Slovenia), and southern Urals (Russia): Facies, v. 47, p. 201276.
Gorskiy, I.I., 1938, Kamennougol'nye korally Novoy Zemli [Carboniferous corals from Novaya Zemlya]: Trudy, Vsesoyuznyy Arkticheskiy Institut, v. 93(3), p. 1221. [in Russian].
Gorskiy, I.I., 1978, Korally srednego karbona zapadnogo sklona Urala. [The middle Carboniferous corals of the Western slope of the Urals]: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, otdelenie geologii, geofiziki i geokhimii, izdatel'stvo Nauka, Moskva, p. 1223. [in Russian].
Grabau, A.W., 1928, Palaeozoic Corals of China. Part I. Tetraseptata II. Second contribution to our knowledge of the Streptelasmoid Corals of China and Adjacent Territories: Palaeontologica Sinica, series B, v. 2(2), p. 1175.
Gräf, W., and Ramovš, A., 1965, Rugose Korallen aus dem Jungpaläozoikum Sloweniens (NW Jugoslawien): Geologija, Razprave in Porocila [Geological Transactions and Reports], v. 8: p. 160189.
Grek, N., 1936, The representatives of the genus Caninia from the limestones of the Verkhnie Chussovskie Gorodki, Kolva-Vischera rivers and Ufimskoe Plateau: Trudy Neftianogo Geologo-Razvedochnogo Instituta, Seriya B, v. 61, p. 126. [in Russian with English summary].
Heritsch, F., 1933, Rugose Korallen aus dem Trogkofelkalk der Karawanken und der Karnischen Alpen: Přirodoslovne Razprave (Ljubljana), v. 2, p. 4255.
Heritsch, F., 1936, Korallen der Moskauer-, Gshel- und Schwagerinen-Stufe der Karnischen Alpen: Palaeontographica A, v. 83, p. 99162.
Heritsch, F., 1938, Die stratigraphische Stellung des Trogkofelkalkes: Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie und Paläontologie, Beilage-Band, Abteilung B (Geologie und Paläontologie), v. 79, p. 63186.
Hill, D., 1938–1941, A monograph on the Carboniferous rugose corals of Scotland: The Palaeontographical Society of London, Monographs, v. 91, p. 178. v. 92, p. 79–114; v. 93, p. 115–204; v. 94, p. 205–213.
Hill, D., 1956, Rugosa, Heterocorallia, in Moore, R.C., ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F, Coelenterata, New York, Geological Society of America, Lawrence, The University of Kansas Press, p. F233F327.
Hill, D., 1981, Rugosa and Tabulata, in Teichert, C., ed., Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Part F, Coelenterata, Supplement 1, Boulder, Geological Society of America, Lawrence, The University of Kansas Press, p. 1762.
Hill, D., and Jull, R.K., 1965, Note on Campophyllum flexuosum (Goldfuss): Geological Magazine, v. 102(3), p. 206212.
Holtedahl, O., 1913, Zur Kenntnis der Karbonablagerungen des westlichen Spitbergens. II. Allgemeine stratigraphische und tektonische Beobachtungen: Skrifter utgit av Videnskapsselskapet i Kristiania, I, matematisk-naturvidenskabelig Klasse, v. 1912(2, no. 23), p. 191.
Hudson, R.G.S., 1943, On the Lower Carboniferous Corals: Caninia heterophylla sp. nov.: Proceedings of the Leeds Literary Society, science section, v. 4, p. 142145.
Hudson, R.G.S., 1945, The variation in an assemblage of the Caninia Cornucopiae plexus from the Middle Visean: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 100(for 1944), p. 193207.
Ivanovskiy, A.B., 1987, Rugozy, opisannye A.A. Shtukenbergom (1888–1905) [The Rugosa described by A.A. Stuckenberg (1888–1905)]: Akademiya Nauk SSSR, Vsesoyuznoe Paleontologicheskoe Obshchestvo, Paleontologicheskiy Institut, Moskva, Nauka, 45 p. [in Russian].
Kahler, F., and Kahler, G., 1937, Beiträge zur Kenntnis der Fusuliniden der Ostalpen: die Pseudoschwagerinen der Grenzlandbänke und des oberen Pseudoschwagerinenkalkes: Palaeontographica, A, v. 87, p. 144.
Kochansky-Devidé, V., 1959, Karbonske i permske fuzulinidne foraminifere Velebita i Like. Donji perm: Palaeontologia Jugoslavica, v. 3, p. 162. [in Croatian with German summary].
Kochansky-Devidé, V., and Ramovš, A., 1966, Zgornjekarbonski mikrofosili in stratigrafski razvoj v zahodnih Karavankah: Razprave, Slovenska Akademija Znanosti in Umetnosti, razred 4. přirodoslovne vede, v. 9, p. 299333. [in Slovenian with German summary].
Kossovaya, O.L., 1986, Rugosa, in Murav’ev, I.S., and Grigor’eva, A.D., eds., Atlas fauny verkhnego karbona i nizhney permi Samarskoy Luki [Atlas of the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian of the Samarskaya Luka]: Izdatel'stvo Kazanskogo Universiteta, Kazan, p. 6269, 145–146. [in Russian].
Kossovaya, O.L., 1989, New data on the morphogenesis and phylogeny of some Late Carboniferous and Early Permian rugose corals: Memoirs of the Association of Australasian Palaeontologists, v. 8, p. 109113.
Kossovaya, O.L., 1992, Rugozy verkhnego karbona i nizhney permi khr. Karachatyr. [Rugosa from the Upper Carboniferous and Lower Permian of the Karachatyr Range]: Voprosy Paleontologii, Sankt-Peterburgskiy Gosudarstvennyy Universitet, v. 10, p. 1327, 181–182. [in Russian].
Kossovaya, O.L., 1997, Rugozy tipovykh razresov gzhel’skogo-artinskogo yarusov Severnogo Timana i zapadnogo sklona Urala [Rugosa of the typical sections of the Gzhelian–Artinskian stages of northern Timan and the western slope of the Urals], in Abushik, A.F., Kossovaya, O.L., and Modzalevskaya, T.L., Atlas etalonnykh kompleksov paleozoyskoy bentosnoy fauny severo-vostoka Evropeyskoy Rossii. Ostrakody, Brakhiopody, Rugozy [Atlas of standard complexes of Palaeozoic benthonic fauna of northeastern European Russia], Saint Petersburg, Vserossiyskiy Nauchno-Issledovatel’skiy Geologicheskiy Institut (VSEGEI), p. 5396, 106–115, 128–149. [in Russian].
Kossovaya, O.L., 2001, Rugosa, in Makhlina, M.Kh., Alekseev, A.S., Goreva, N.V., Goryunova, R.V., Isakova, T.N., Kossovaya, O.L., Lazarev, S.S., Lebedev, O.A., and Shkolin, A.A.. Sredniy karbon Moskovskoy Sineklizy (yuzhnaya chast') [Middle Carboniferous of Moscow Syneclise (southern part)], tom 2, Paleontologicheskaya Kharakteristika, Moskva, Nauchnyy Mir press, p. 6676, 152–171. [in Russian].
Krainer, K., 1992, Fazies, Sedimentationsprozesse und Paläogeographie im Karbon der Ost- und Südalpen. Neue Ergebnisse aus dem Paläozoikum der Ost- und Südalpen: Jahrbuch der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien, v. 135, p. 99193.
Krainer, K., and Davydov, V., 1998, Facies and biostratigraphy of the Late Carboniferous/Early Permian sedimentary sequence in the Carnic Alps (Austria/Italy), in Crasquin-Soleau, S., Izart, A., Vaslet, D., and De Wever, P., eds., Peri-Tethys: stratigraphic correlations 2: Geodiversitas, v. 20, p. 643662.
Leven, E.Ya., and Shcherbovich, S.F., 1980, Komplex fuzulinid sakmarskogo yarusa Darvaza: Voprosy mikropaleontologii, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, v. 23, p. 7185. [in Russian].
Lewis, H.P., 1924, Upper Viséan Corals of the Genus Caninia : Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 80, p. 389407.
Lewis, H.P., 1929, On the Avonian Coral Caninophyllum, gen. nov., and C. archiaci (Edwards & Haime): The Annals and Magazine of Natural History, series 10, v. 3, p. 456468.
Lin, B.Y., Xu, S.Y., Jia, H.S., Guo, S.Z., Ouyang, X., Wang, Z.J., Ding, Y.J., Cao, X.D., Yan, Y.Y., and Chen, H.-C., 1995, Monograph of Palaeozoic Corals, Rugosa and Heterocorallia, Beijing, Geological Publishing House, 778 p. [in Chinese with English summary].
McCoy, F., 1844, A Synopsis of the Characters of the Carboniferous Limestone Fossils in Ireland: Dublin, University Press, 207 p.
Michelin, H., 1840. Astrée, Astrea, in Gervais, P., ed., Dictionnaire des Sciences Naturelles [1816–1845], Supplément, 1: Paris, Strasbourg, F.G. Levrault, p. 481487.
Michelin, J.L.H., 1841–1848, Iconographie Zoophytologique, description par localités et terrains des polypiers fossiles de France et pays environnants: Paris, P. Bertrand, 348 p. [v. 1, 1841, p. 1–40; 1842, p. 41–72; 1843, p. 73–104; 1844, p. 105–144; 1845, p. 145–184; 1846, p. 185–248; 1847, p. 249–328; 1848, p. 329–348; v.2, pl.1–79; in French, dated 1840–1847].
Miklukho-Maklay, A.D., 1949, Verkhnepaleozoyskie fuzulinidy Sredney Azii (Fergana, Darvaz i Pamir): Leningrad, Monografiya, Leningradskiy Gosudarstvennyy Universitet, A.A. Zhdanova, 114 p. [in Russian].
Miklukho-Maklay, A.D., 1959, Znachenie gomeomorfii dlya sistematiki fuzulinid: Uchenye Zapiski, Leningradskiy Gosudarstvennyy Universitet, seriya geologicheskikh nauk, v. 268, p. 155172. [in Russian].
Milne-Edwards, H., and Haime, J., 1850, A monograph of the British fossil corals. Part 1. Introduction: Corals of the Tertiary and Cretaceous formations: The Palaeontographical Society of London, Monographs, v. 3, p. 172.
Novak, M., 2007, Depositional environment of Upper Carboniferous–Lower Permian beds in the Karavanke Mountains (Southern Alps, Slovenia): Geologija, v. 50, p. 247268, DOI:10.5474/geologija.2007.018
Ogar, V.V., 2010, New data on the Carboniferous corals of the Donets Basin: Palaeoworld, v. 19, p. 284293.
Okuyucu, C., and Göncüoglu, M.C., 2010, Middle–late Asselian (Early Permian) fusulinid fauna from the post-Variscan cover in NW Anatolia (Turkey): biostratigraphy and geological implications: Geobios, v. 43, p. 225240.
Onoprienko, Yu.I., 1980, Nekotorye osobennosti morfologii i evolyutsii uraliniid (Rugosa). (Some pecularities of the morphology and evolution of Uraliniids (Rugosa), in Sokolov, B.S.. Korally i rify fanerozoya SSSR. (Trudy IV Vsesoyuznogo simpoziuma po iskopaemym korallam, Tbilisi, 1978): Akademiya Nauk SSSR, izdatel’stvo “Nauka”, Moskva, p. 127130, 200, 217. [in Russian].
Poty, E., 2002, Interstitial tabellae: a new type of tabellae developed between septa in Rugosa: Coral Research Bulletin, v. 7, p. 167173.
Poty, E., and Boland, K., 1996, Révision des Tétracoralliares caninomorphes de l’Hastarien (Tournaisien) belge: Annales de la Société géologique de Belgique, [for 1994], v. 117, p. 201225.
Pyzhjanov, I.V., 1980, Rugozy verkhnego Paleozoa Afganistana i Pamira (stratigrafichesko-paleogeographicheskiy obzor), in Sokolov, B.S., ed., Korally i rify fanerozoa SSSR. Trudy 4. Vsesouznogo sympoziuma po iskopaemym korallam, Tbilisi, 1978: “Nauka”, Moskva, p. 141148. [in Russian].
Rauzer-Chernousova, D.M., 1949, Nekotorye psevdofuzuliny i parafuzuliny bashkirskogo Priuralja: Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, v. 105 (seriya geologicheskaya, no. 35), p. 118162. [in Russian].
Rauzer-Chernousova, D.M., and Shcherbovich, S.F., 1949, Shvageriny evropeyskoj chasti SSSR: Trudy Instituta Geologicheskikh Nauk, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, v. 105 (seriya geologicheskaya, no. 35), p. 61117. [in Russian].
Różkowska, M., 1969, Famennian tetracoralloid and heterocoralloid fauna from the Holy Cross Mountains (Poland): Acta Palaeontologica Polonica, v. 14, p. 1187.
Salée, A., 1910, Contribution à l'étude des Polypiers du Calcaire Carbonifère de la Belgique. Le genre Caninia : Nouveaux Mémoires de la Société Belge de Géologie, de Paléontologie et d’Hydrologie, série in 4o , v. 3, p. 162.
Salée, A., 1913, Formes nouvelles du genre “Caninia: Bulletin de la Société Belge de Géologie, de Paléontologie et d’Hydrologie, [for 1912], v. 26, p. 4149.
Schellwien, E., 1898a, Bericht über die Ergebnisse einer Reise in die Karnischen Alpen und die Karawanken: Sitzungsberichte der königlich Preussischen Akademie der Wissenschaften zu Berlin, mathematisch-physikalische Klasse, v. 44, p. 693700.
Schellwien, E., 1898b, Die Auffindung einer permokarbonischen Fauna in den Ostalpen: Verhandlungen der kaiserlich-königlichen Geologischen Reichsanstalt Wien, v. 1898, p. 358363.
Schönlaub, H.P., and Forke, H.C., 2007, Die post-variszische Schichtfolge der Karnischen Alpen: Erläuterungen zur Geologischen Karte des Jungpaläozoikums der Karnischen Alpen 1:12.500: Abhandlungen der Geologischen Bundesanstalt Wien, v. 61, p. 3157. [in German with English summary].
Shcherbovich, S.F., 1969, Fuzulinidy pozdnegzhelskogo i asselskogo vremeni Prikaspijskoj sineklizy: Trudy Geologicheskogo Instituta, Akademiya Nauk SSSR, v. 176, p. 184. [in Russian].
Stuckenberg, A.A., 1895, Korally i mshanki kamennougol’nykh otlozheniy Urala i Timana, [Korallen und Bryozoen der Steinkohlenablagerungen des Ural und des Timan]: Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta [Mémoires du Comité Géologique], v. 10, p. 1244. [in Russian with German summary].
Stuckenberg, A.A., 1904, Korally i mshanki nizhnyago otdela srednerusskago kamenougol’nago izvestnyaka [Anthozoen und Bryozoen des unteren Kohlenkalkes von Central-Russland]: Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta, novaya seriya, v. 14, p. IV. 1–109. [in Russian with German summary].
Stuckenberg, A.A., 1905, Fauna verkhne-kamennougol’noy tolshchi Samarskoy luki [Die Fauna der obercarbonischen Suite des Wolgadurchbruches bei Samara]: Trudy Geologicheskago Komiteta, novaya seriya, v. 23, p. IXIV, 1–144 [in Russian with German summary].
Thompson, M.L., and Miller, A.K., 1949, Permian fusulinids and cephalopods from the vicinity of the Maracaibo Basin in northern South America: Journal of Paleontology, v. 23, p. 124.
Toula, F., 1875, Eine Kohlenkalk-Fauna von den Barents-Inseln (Nowaja-Semlja N.W.): Sitzungsberichte der Kaiserlichen Akademie der Wissenschaften Wien, mathematisch-naturwissenschaftliche Classe, Abteilung 1, v. 71, p. 527608.
Vachard, D., Pille, L., and Gaillot, J., 2010, Palaeozoic Foraminifera: systematics, palaeoecology and responses to global changes: Revue de Micropaléontologie, v. 53, p. 209254.
Vaughan, A., 1915, Correlation of Dinantian and Avonian: Quarterly Journal of the Geological Society of London, v. 71, p. 152.
Verrill, A.E., 1865, Classification of polyps (extract condensed from a synopsis of the polypi of the North Pacific Exploring Expedition, under captains Ringgold and Rodgers, USN. [part I]: Proceedings of the Essex Institute, v. 16, p. 145152.
Vuillemin, C., 1990, Les Tétracoralliaires (Rugosa) du Carbonifère Inférieur du Massif Armoricain (France): Cahiers de Paléontologie, Édition du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, Paris, p. 1171.
Wang, H.C., 1950, A revision of the Zoantharia Rugosa in the light of their minute skeletal structure: Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London, series B, v. 234, p. 175246.
Weyer, D., 1972, Zur Morphologie der Rugosa (Pterocorallia): Geologie, v. 21, p. 710737.
Weyer, D., 1974, Das Rugosa-Genus Antiphyllum Schindewolf, 1952 (Unternamur, Oberschlesisches Steinkohlenbecken): Časopis pro Mineralogii a Geologii, v. 19, p. 345365.
Weyer, D., 1975, Combophyllidae (Anthozoa, Rugosa) im Mitteldevon des Thüringer Schiefergebirges: Freiberger Forschungshefte, Leipzig, C, v. 304, p. 731.
Wilson, E., and Langenheim, R.L., 1962, Rugose and tabulate corals from Permian rocks in the Ely Quadrangle, White Pine County, Nevada: Journal of Paleontology, v. 36, p. 495520.
Wright, A.J.T., 1969, Notes on tetracoral morphology: Journal of Paleontology, v. 43, p. 12321236.
Xu, S.-Y, Wang, H.-D., Chen, H.-C., and Shi, Y., 1987, A discussion of the Carboniferous-Permian boundary in light of study on corals: Bulletin of the Yichang Institute of Geology and Mineral Resources, Beijing, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, v. 11, p. 117198. [in Chinese with English summary].
, C.C., 1934, Description of corals collected from the Maping and the Huanglung limestones in South China: Memoirs of the National Research Institute of Geology, Academia Sinica, v. 14, p. 5582.
Yu, X.-G., 1980, Upper Carboniferous Chuanshanian Tetracorals of Southern Jiangsu: Professional Papers of Stratigraphy and Palaeontology, Chinese Academy of Geological Sciences, Beijing, v. 9, p. 4888. [in Chinese with English summary].

Related content

Powered by UNSILO

Large-sized Early Permian “caninioid” corals from the Karavanke Mountains, Slovenia

  • Olga L. Kossovaya (a1) (a2), Matevž Novak (a3) and Dieter Weyer (a4)


Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed.