Skip to main content Accessibility help
×
Home

Echinoderms from the Lower Devonian (Emsian) of Bolivia (Malvinokaffric Realm)

  • Jeffrey R. Thompson (a1), William I. Ausich (a1) and Legrand Smith (a2)

Abstract

Crinoid faunas from the Lower Devonian of South America are poorly known. Two new taxa are described from the Emsian Icla Formation at Cerro Kochis in the Cochabamba Department: the rhodocrinitid, Lutocrinus boliviaensis n. gen. n. sp. and Griphocrinus pirovanoi n. sp. Two additional camerates are reported from the Emsian Belèn Formation of the Altiplano region in the La Paz Department, including Ctenocrinus branisai n. sp. and Boliviacrinus isaacsoni McIntosh, 1988. In addition, a specimen of the blastoid, Pachyblastus dicki Bremier and Macurda, 1972, was recovered from the Altiplano region. These crinoids and material previously collected by Leonardo Branisa, including specimens of C. branisai n. sp., Apurocrinus sucrei McIntosh, 1981, B. isaacsoni McIntosh, 1988, and L. boliviaensis n. sp., are described and revised. The specimens give new insights into the Lower Devonian Malvinokaffric Realm of Bolivia, a relatively new frontier in crinoid paleontology.

Copyright

References

Hide All
Angelin, N. P. 1878. Iconographia Crinoideorum. In stratis Sueciae Siluricis fossilium. Samson and Wallin, Holmiae, 62p.
Ausich, W. I., Brett, C. E., Hess, H., and Simms, M. J. 1999. Crinoid form and function, p. 330. InHess, H., Brett, C. E., Ausich, W. I., and Simms, M. J., Fossil Crinoids. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.
Babcock, L. E., Feldmann, R. M., Wilson, M. T., and Suarez-Riglos, M. 1987. Devonian Conulariids of Bolivia. National Geographic Research, 3:210231.
Beyrich, H. E.InZittel, K. A. 1879. Handbuch der Palaeontologie, 1, Palaeozoologie. München, Leipzig, R. Oldenbourg, 765p.
Bradshaw, M. A. and Mccartan, L. 1991. Paleoecology and systematics of Early Devonian bivalves from the Horlick Formation, Ohio Range, Antarctica. Alcheringa, 15:142.
Branisa, L. 1965. Los fosiles guias de Bolivia I-Paleozoico. Servicio Geologico de Bolivia Boletin, 6, 282p.
Breimer, A. and Macurda, D. B. 1972. The phylogeny of the fissiculate blastoids. Koninklijke Nederlandse Akademie van Wettenschappen, Verhandelingen , Series 1,26 (3). 390p.
Brett, C. E. 1985. Tremichnus: a new ichnogenus of circular-parabolic pits in fossil echinoderms. Journal of Paleontology, 59:625635.
Bromley, R. G. 1981. Concepts in ichnotaxonomy illustrated by small round holes in shells. Acta Geologica Hispanica, 16:5564.
Bronn, H. G. 1840. Ctenocrinus ein neues Krinoiden-Geschlecht der Grauwacke. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Geologie, und Paläontologie, p. 542548.
Donovan, S. K. and Lewis, D. N. 2010. Aspects of crinoid palaeontology, Much Wenlock Limestone Formation, Wenlock Edge, Shropshire (Silurian). Proceedings of the Yorkshire Geological Society, 58:914.
Donovan, S. K., Lewis, D. N., and Kabrna, P. 2006. A dense epizoobiontic infestation of a Lower Carboniferouscrinoid (Amphoracrinus gilbertsoni (Philips)) by Oichnus paraboloides Bromley. Ichnos, 13:4345.
Goldfuss, G. A. 1831. Petrefacta Germaniae, tam ea, Quae in Museo Universitatis Regiae Borussicae Fridericiae Wilhelmiae Rhenanea, serventur, quam alia quaecunque in Museis Hoeninghusiano Muensteriano aliisque, extant, iconibus et descriiptionns illustrata Abbildungen und Beschreibungen der Petrefacten Deutschlands und der Angränzende Länder, unter Mitwirkung des Hern Grafen Georg zu Münster, herausgegeben von August Goldfuss, 1, p. 165240.
Hall, J. 1862. Descriptions of new species of fossils from the Upper Helderberg, Hamilton and Chemung groups. Annual Report New York State Cabinet of Natural History, 13:7694.
Haugh, B. 1975. Digestive and coelomic systems of Mississippian camerate crinoids. Journal of Paleontology, 49:472493.
Isaacson, P. E. 1974. First South American occurrence of Globithyris: its ecological and age significance in the Malvinokaffric Realm. Journal of Paleontology, 48:778784.
Isaacson, P. E. 1975. Evidence for a western extracontinental land source during the Devonian period in the central Andes. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 86:3946.
Isaacson, P. E. 1977. Devonian stratigraphy and brachiopod paleontology of Bolivia, Part A: Orthida and Strophomenida. Palaeontographica, Abteilung A, 155:133192.
Isaacson, P. E., Diaz-Martinez, E., and Grader, G. W. 2003. Organization of the Bolivian Devonian–Permian rocks into sequences. Revista Tecnica de Yacimentos Petroliferos Fisicales Bolivianos, 23:203206.
Jaekel, O. 1918. Phylogenie und System der Pelmatozoen: Paläeontologische Zeitschrift, 3:1128.
Kirk, E. 1913. Crinoidea, p. 312318. InClarke, J. M.Fosseis Devonianos do Paraná. Monograph Servico Geologico e Mineralogico do Brasil, 1.
Kirk, E. 1945. Four new genera of camerate crinoids from the Devonian (North America, France, and Spain). American Journal of Science, 243:341355.
Knod, R. 1908. Devonische Faunen Bolivicus. (Beiträge zur Geologie und Paläontologie von Südamerika, hrsg. von G. Steinmann. 14. Neues Jahrbuch für Mineralogie, Beilage, 25:493600.
Lieberman, B. S. 1993. Systematics and biogeography of the “Metacryphaeus Group” Calmoniidae (Trilobita, Devonian), with comments on adaptive radiations and the geological history of the Malvinokaffric Realm. Journal of Paleontology, 67:549570.
Macurda, D. B. Jr., 1979. The Devonian blastoids of Bolivia. Journal of Paleontology, 53:13611373
Macurda, D. B. Jr., 1983. Systematics of the fissiculate Blastoidea. Papers on Paleontology. Museum of Paleontology, University of Michigan, 22:1291.
McGregor, D. C. 1984. Late Silurian and Devonian spores from Bolivia. Academia Nacional de Ciencias de Córdoba, 69:157.
McIntosh, G. 1981. Apurocrinus sucrei, a new genus of camerate crinoid from the Lower Devonian of Bolivia. Journal of Paleontology, 55:948952.
McIntosh, G. 1988. Boliviacrinus icaacsoni, a new genus and species of Middle Devonian camerate crinoid from Bolivia. Journal of Paleontology, 62:622626.
Melo, J. H. G. 1988. The Malvinokaffric Realm in the Devonian of Brazil. Devonian of the World: Proceedings of the 2nd International Symposium on the Devonian System Memoir 14, 1:669703
Miller, J. S. 1821. A natural history of the Crinoidea, or lily-shaped animals; with observations on the genera, Asteria, Euryale, Comatula and Marsupites. Bryan and Co., Bristol, England, 150p.
Moore, R. C., 1952. Evolution rates among crinoids. Journal of Paleontology, 26:338352.
Moore, R. C. and Laudon, L. R. 1943. Evolution and classification of Paleozoic crinoids. Geological Society of America Special Paper, 46, 153p.
Oehlert, D. P. 1878. Description de deux nouveaux genres de Crinoides du terrain devonien de la Mayenne. Bulletin de la Société Géologique de France, ser. 3, 7:610.
Orbigny, A. D. d'. 18501852. Prodrome du paléontologie stratigraphique universelle des animaux mollusques et rayonnés faisant suite au cours élémentaire de plaéontologie et de géologie stratigraphique : Paris, Victor Masson, 196p.
Roemer, C. F. 18541855. Erste Periode, Kohlen-Gebirge. InBrown, H. G., Lethaea Geognostica, Schweizerbart, Stuttgart 3rd ed., 2, 788p.
Say, T. 1825. On two genera and several species of Crinoidea. Journal of the Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia, 4:289296.
Ubaghs, G. 1978a. Skeletal morphology of fossil crinoids, p. T58T216. InMoore, R. C. and Teichert, K.(eds.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Echinodermata, Pt. T(2).Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence.
Ubaghs, G. 1978b. Camerata, p. T408T519. InMoore, R. C. And Teichert, K.(eds.), Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology, Echinodermata, Pt. T(2).Geological Society of America and University of Kansas Press, Boulder and Lawrence.
Wachsmuth, C. and Springer, F. 1885. Revision of the Palaeocrinoidea, Part 3, Section 1. Philadelphia Academy of Natural Science Proceedings for 1885, p. 225364.
Wanner, J. 1940. Neue beiträge zur Kenntnis der permischen Echinodermen von Timor; XIV Poteriocrinidae, 3, Teil. Palaeontographica, Supplement, 4:215242.
Webster, G. D. 2003. Bibliography and index of Paleozoic crinoids, coronates, and hemistreptocrinids 1758–1999. Geological Society of America Special Paper 363.
Webster, G. D. and Maples, C. G. 2008. Cladid crinoid radial facets, brachials, and arm appendages: a terminology solution for studies of lineage, classification, and paleoenvironment, p. 197226. InAusich, W. I. and Webster, G. D.(eds.), Echinoderm Paleobiology. Indiana University Press, Bloomington.
Wilson, M. A., Feldman, H. R., and Krivicich, E. B. 2010. Bioerosion in an equatorial Middle Jurassic coral-sponge reef community (Callovian, Matmor Formation, southern Israel). Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 289 (1–4):93101.
Wolfart, R. and Voges, A. 1968. Beiträge zur Kenntnis des Devons von Bolivien. Beihefte sum Geologischen Jahrbuch, 74, 241p.
ZittelK. A., von. K. A., von. 1879. Handbuch der Palaeontologie, Band 1, Palaeozoologie. R. Oldenberg, München and Leipzig, Germany, 765p.

Metrics

Altmetric attention score

Full text views

Total number of HTML views: 0
Total number of PDF views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

Abstract views

Total abstract views: 0 *
Loading metrics...

* Views captured on Cambridge Core between <date>. This data will be updated every 24 hours.

Usage data cannot currently be displayed